EuroHeartSurvey ACS. Study was performed in clusters of academic and nonacademic hospitals treating patients with an ACS (AMI or unstable angina) in 25 countries throughout Europe and the Mediterranean basin (total n ~10,000) during 2000/2001.

European Physical Activity Surveillance System (EUPASS). Designed to monitor physical activity and its determinants in random population samples of adults ≥ 18 years from 8 European Union member states (Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Spain, United Kingdom). This project was funded by the Health Monitoring Programme of the European Commission.

French USIC (Unité de Soins Intensits Coronaires) Project. This was a nationwide registry of patients hospitalized with AMI during a 1-month period in 1995 and 2000. Patients between the ages of 30–89 years comprised the study sample. The total sample size was 4,347, and participating ICUs represented more than 80% of those treating patients with AMI in France.

Heart of Soweto Study. This investigation studied persons presenting to a large tertiary care clinic in Soweto, South Africa, over a 1-year period (2006) with either incident or prevalent CVD (n = 4,162). This registry included predominantly black Africans who presented to the Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital, which provides cardiac care to residents of Soweto and surrounding communities.

Hellenic Multicenter Study of Acute Myocardial Infarction. This registry included consecutive patients hospitalized with an AMI (n = 7,433) during a 1-year period (1993/1994) at 76 (out of a total of 86) hospitals throughout Greece.

International Network of Field Sites With Continuous Demographic Evaluation of Populations and Their Health (INDEPTH). This international network includes 34 health and demographic surveillance systems in 17 low and middle-income countries designed to identify the magnitude of non-communicable diseases in these countries. Of these, 23 sites are in Africa, 10 sites are in Asia, and 1 is in Oceania. Risk factor surveys are being carried out in selected study sites to compile baseline data for purposes of subsequent intervention trials.

Italian National Register of Major Coronary Events: Attack Rates in Different Areas of the Country. National register initiated in Italy at the end of the 1990s designed to develop surveillance of fatal and nonfatal coronary events in the general Italian population aged 35–74 years using MONICA criteria.

Italian Network for Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease Surveillance: A Pilot Project. Pilot project implemented in 2006 to evaluate the feasibility of a surveillance network for CVD and obesity in Italian men and women aged 35–74 years. The study lasted 2 years and involved 40 general practitioners from the Italian Association of General Practitioners throughout Italy.

Maximal Individual Therapy in Acute Myocardial Infarction (MITRA Registry). This study enrolled all persons with new onset diabetes from 1972 on at the Laxa Primary Health Care Center in Orebro County, Sweden. A total of 776 incident cases of diabetes reported to this health care center through 2001 were included in this register.

MONICA (Monitoring Trends and Determinants in Cardiovascular Disease). This was a large multinational study that was designed to monitor trends in fatal and nonfatal CHD and strokes, and trends in CVD risk factors, in men and women aged 25–64 years from 38 populations in 21 countries between the mid-1980s and mid-1990s.

Myocardial Ischaemia National Audit Project (MINAP). This study included all acute care hospitals in England and Wales (n = 229) treating patients with an ACS. Data were prospectively collected at participating hospitals between 2003 and 2005. More than 100,000 patients were included in this large multisite observational study.

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