Dr. Blackwell, who is Boyd Professor at Louisiana State University, has been involved in several projects involving the fungal systematics community. The recent Deep Hypha and Assembling the Fungal Tree of Life projects involved more than 100 mycologists from 25 countries in phylogenetic studies of major groups of fungi and a phylogenetic classification used in many major publications. Dr. Blackwell is a Distinguished Mycologist of the Mycological Society of America and Fellow of the British Mycological Society. She served as president of the International Mycological Association and the Mycological Society of America and is coauthor of Introductory Mycology, a widely used textbook currently under revision.

David Blehert, Ph.D., earned his doctorate degree in bacteriology in 1999 from the University of Wisconsin–Madison where he studied the biotransformation of munitions manufacturing wastes as mediated by soil bacteria. He then completed a postdoctoral fellowship at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland where he investigated bacterial communication mechanisms among constituents of the human dental plaque community. His research emphasis was on the role of the signaling molecule autoinducer-2 in the formation of bacterial biofilms. Dr. Blehert joined the U.S. Geological Survey–National Wildlife Health Center in Madison, Wisconsin, in 2003 as the head of the diagnostic microbiology laboratory. Current research projects under way in his laboratory include characterization of microbial aspects of the pathogenesis and epidemiology of bat whitenose syndrome; the use of molecular markers to understand the epidemiology of avian cholera in wild waterfowl; and development of rapid in vitro techniques for the detection of botulinum neurotoxins. His laboratory’s collaborative efforts to identify the fungus that causes the skin infection hallmark of bat white-nose syndrome were published in the January 9, 2009, issue of Science.

Arturo Casadevall, M.D., Ph.D., is the Leo and Julia Forchheimer Professor and Chair of Microbiology & Immunology at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine. Dr. Casadevall received both his M.D. and Ph.D. (biochemistry) degrees from New York University in New York. Subsequently, he completed internship and residency in internal medicine at Bellevue Hospital in New York. Later he completed subspecialty training in infectious diseases. Dr. Casadevall’s major research interests are in fungal pathogenesis and the mechanism of antibody action. Dr. Casadevall has authored more than 470 scientific papers. He has been elected to membership in the American Society for Clinical Investigation, American Academy of Physicians, and American Academy of Microbiology. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and has received numerous honors. In 2005, he received the Alumni Award in basic science from his alma mater, New York University. Dr. Casadevall is editor in chief of mBio and serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Clini-



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