Appendix C
BDCP Proposed Covered Species and Associated Habitats

No. Common Name/ Scientific Name Status (Federal/ State/CNPS)1 Natural Communities Supporting Species Habitat
Fish (11 species)
1 Central Valley steelhead Oncorhynchus mykiss DPS T/-/DPS Critical Habitat, Recovery Plan11 Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mudflats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, tidal freshwater emergent wetland
2 Sacramento River winter-run Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Evolutionarily Significant Unit (ESU) E/E/ESU Critical Habitat, Recovery Plan11, 12 Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mudflats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, tidal freshwater emergent wetland
3 Central Valley spring-run Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha ESU T/T/ESU Critical Habitat, Recovery Plan11, 13 Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mudflats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, tidal freshwater emergent wetland
4 Central Valley fall- and late fall-run Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha -/SSC/Recovery Plan13 Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mudflats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, tidal freshwater emergent wetland
5 Delta smelt Hypomesus transpacificus T/T/Critical Habitat, Recovery Plan13 Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mudflats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, tidal freshwater emergent wetland
6 Longfin smelt Spirinchus thaleichthys -/T/Recovery Plan13 Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mudflats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, tidal freshwater emergent wetland
7 Sacramento splittail Pogonichthys macrolepidotus -/SSC/Recovery Plan13 Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mudflats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, tidal freshwater emergent wetland
8 White sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus -/-/- Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mudflats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, tidal freshwater emergent wetland


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Appendix C  BDCP Proposed Covered Species and   Associated Habitats  Status Common Name/ Natural Communities Supporting No. (Federal/ Scientific Name Species Habitat State/CNPS)1 Fish (11 species) T/-/- Central Valley steelhead DPS Critical Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mud- 1 Oncorhynchus mykiss Habitat, flats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, DPS Recovery tidal freshwater emergent wetland Plan11 Sacramento River winter-run E/E/- Chinook salmon ESU Critical Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mud- 2 Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Habitat, flats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, Evolutionarily Significant Unit Recovery tidal freshwater emergent wetland Plan11, 12 (ESU) T/T/- Central Valley spring-run Chi- ESU Critical Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mud- nook salmon 3 Habitat, flats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Recovery tidal freshwater emergent wetland ESU Plan11, 13 Central Valley fall- and late fall- -/SSC/- Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mud- 4 run Chinook salmon Recovery flats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, Plan13 Oncorhynchus tshawytscha tidal freshwater emergent wetland T/T/- Critical Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mud- Delta smelt 5 Habitat, flats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, Hypomesus transpacificus Recovery tidal freshwater emergent wetland Plan13 -/T/- Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mud- Longfin smelt 6 Recovery flats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, Spirinchus thaleichthys Plan13 tidal freshwater emergent wetland -/SSC/- Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mud- Sacramento splittail 7 Recovery flats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, Pogonichthys macrolepidotus Plan13 tidal freshwater emergent wetland Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mud- White sturgeon 8 -/-/- flats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, Acipenser transmontanus tidal freshwater emergent wetland 65 

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66    Appendix C  Status Common Name/ Natural Communities Supporting No. (Federal/ Scientific Name Species Habitat State/CNPS)1 T/SSC/- Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mud- Southern DPS North American green sturgeon flats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, Proposed 9 Acipenser medirostris tidal freshwater emergent wetland Critical Habi- Southern DPS tat, Recovery Plan13 Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mud- Pacific lamprey 10 -/-/- flats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, Entosphenus tridentatus tidal freshwater emergent wetland Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal mud- River lamprey 11 -/-/- flats, tidal brackish emergent wetland, Lampetra ayresii tidal freshwater emergent wetland Mammals (6 species) San Joaquin kit fox E/T/-Recovery 12 Grassland, Agricultural habitats Plan2 Vulpes macrotis mutica Riparian woodrat E/SSC/- 13 Valley/foothill riparian Recovery Plan2 Neotoma fuscipes riparia E/E,FP/- Salt marsh harvest mouse Tidal brackish emergent wetland, 14 Recovery Reithrodontomys raviventris managed wetlands, grassland Plan3, 4 Riparian brush rabbit E/E/-Recovery 15 Valley/foothill riparian Plan2 Sylvilagus bachmani riparius Townsend’s big-eared bat 16 -/SSC/- All natural communities Corynorhinus townsendii Suisun shrew -/SSC/- Tidal brackish emergent wetland, 17 Recovery Plan3 Sorex ornatus sinuosus managed wetlands Birds (12 species) Tidal brackish emergent wetland, tidal freshwater emergent wetland, Tricolored blackbird valley/foothill riparian, alkali season- 18 -/SSC/- Agelaius tricolor al wetland complex, managed wet- lands, other natural seasonal wet- lands, grassland, agricultural habitats Tidal brackish emergent wetland, Suisun song sparrow -/SSC/- 19 tidal freshwater emergent wetland, Recovery Plan4 Melospiza melodia maxillaries managed wetlands Yellow-breasted chat 20 -/SSC/- Valley/foothill riparian Icteria virens Least Bell's vireo E/E/- 21 Valley/foothill riparian Recovery Plan5 Vireo bellii pusillus

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Appendix C    67  Status Common Name/ Natural Communities Supporting No. (Federal/ Scientific Name Species Habitat State/CNPS)1 Grassland, alkali seasonal wetland Western burrowing owl complex, vernal pool complex, ma- 22 -/SSC/- Athene cunicularia hypugaea naged wetland, other natural seasonal wetlands, agricultural habitats Western yellow-billed cuckoo 23 Coccyzus americanus C/E/- Valley/foothill riparian occidentalis California least tern E/E/-Recovery 24 Tidal perennial aquatic Plan6 Sternula antillarum browni Agricultural habitats, alkali seasonal Greater sandhill crane wetland complex, vernal pool com- 25 -/T,FP/- Grus canadensis tabida plex, managed wetlands, other natural seasonal wetlands, grassland Tidal brackish emergent wetland, California black rail -/T,FP/- tidal freshwater emergent wetland, 26 Laterallus jamaicensis Recovery Plan4 nontidal freshwater permanent emer- coturniculus gent wetland E/E,FP/- California clapper rail 27 Recovery Tidal brackish emergent wetland Rallus longirostris obsoletus Plan3, 4 Valley/foothill riparian, agricultural habitats, grassland, alkali seasonal Swainson’s hawk 28 wetland complex, vernal pool com- Buteo swainsoni -/T/- plex, managed wetlands, other natural seasonal wetlands Valley/foothill riparian, agricultural habitats, grassland, alkali seasonal White-tailed kite 29 wetland complex, vernal pool com- Elanus leucurus -/FP/- plex, managed wetlands, other natural seasonal wetlands Reptiles (2 species) Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal freshwa- ter emergent wetland, nontidal peren- nial aquatic, nontidal freshwater Giant garter snake permanent emergent wetland, alkali 30 Thamnophis gigas T/T/-Recovery seasonal wetland complex, vernal Plan6 pool complex, managed wetlands, other natural seasonal wetlands, grassland, agricultural habitats

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68    Appendix C  Status Common Name/ Natural Communities Supporting No. (Federal/ Scientific Name Species Habitat State/CNPS)1 Tidal perennial aquatic, tidal freshwa- ter emergent wetland, tidal brackish emergent wetland, nontidal perennial aquatic, nontidal freshwater perma- Western pond turtle nent emergent wetland, valley/foothill 31 Actinemys (formerly Clemmys riparian, alkali seasonal wetland and Emys) marmorata -/SSC/- complex, vernal pool complex, ma- naged wetlands, other natural season- al wetlands, grassland, agricultural habitats Amphibians (3 species) Valley/foothill riparian, nontidal freshwater permanent emergent wet- land, tidal freshwater emergent wet- California red-legged frog land, nontidal perennial aquatic, 32 T/SSC/-Critical Rana draytonii managed wetlands, grassland, alkali Habitat, seasonal wetland complex, vernal Recovery Plan8 pool complex, other natural seasonal wetlands, agricultural habitats Grassland, alkali seasonal wetland Western spadefoot toad -/SSC/- complex, vernal pool complex, other 33 Recovery Plan9 Spea hammondii natural seasonal wetlands, nontidal perennial aquatic California tiger salamander T/T/-Central Vernal pool complex, alkali seasonal Ambystoma californiense 34 Valley DPS wetland complex, other natural sea- Central Valley Distinct Critical Habitat sonal wetlands, grassland Population Segment (DPS) Invertebrates (8 species) Lange's metalmark butterfly E/-/-Recovery 35 Inland dune scrub Plan15 Apodemia mormo langei Valley/foothill riparian, grassland Valley elderberry longhorn beetle T/-/-Recovery 36 Plan14 Desmocerus californicus dimorphus E/-/-Critical Vernal pool tadpole shrimp 37 Habitat Recov- Vernal pool complex Lepidurus packardi ery Plan9 E/-/-Critical Conservancy fairy shrimp 38 Habitat Vernal pool complex Branchinecta conservatio Recovery Plan9 Vernal pool complex Longhorn fairy shrimp E/-/-Recovery 39 Plan9 Branchinecta longiantenna T/-/-Critical Vernal pool fairy shrimp 40 Habitat Vernal pool complex Branchinecta lynchi Recovery Plan9

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Appendix C    69  No. Common Name/ Status (Feder- Natural Communities Supporting Scientific Name al/ Species Habitat State/CNPS)1 Midvalley fairy shrimp -/-/- 41 Vernal pool complex Recovery Plan9 Branchinecta mesovallensis California linderiella -/-/- 42 Vernal pool complex Recovery Plan9 Linderiella occidentalis Plants (21 species) Alkali milk-vetch -/-/1B 43 Vernal pool complex Recovery Plan9 Astragalus tener var. tener Heartscale Alkali seasonal wetland complex, 44 -/-/1B Atriplex cordulata vernal pool complex, grassland Brittlescale Alkali seasonal wetland complex, 45 -/-/1B Atriplex depressa vernal pool complex, grassland San Joaquin spearscale Alkali seasonal wetland complex, 46 -/-/1B Atriplex joaquiniana vernal pool complex, grassland Slough thistle 47 -/-/1B Valley/foothill riparian Cirsium crassicaule Suisun thistle E/-/1B 48 Cirsium hydrophilum Critical Habitat Tidal brackish emergent wetland Recovery Plan4 var.hydrophilum Soft bird’s-beak E/R/IB Critical 49 Cordylanthus mollis ssp. Habitat Recov- Tidal brackish emergent wetland ery Plan4 mollis Dwarf downingia 50 -/-/2 Vernal pool complex Downingia pusilla Alkali seasonal wetland complex, Delta button-celery 51 -/E/1B vernal pool complex, valley/foothill Eryngium racemosum riparian, grassland E/E/1B Contra Costa wallflower Critical Habitat 52 Erysimum capitatum var. Inland dune scrub Recovery angustatum Plan15 Boggs Lake hedge-hyssop -/E/1B 53 Vernal pool complex Recovery Plan9 Gratiola heterosepala Carquinez goldenbush Alkali seasonal wetland complex, 54 -/-/1B Isocoma arguta grassland Tidal brackish emergent wetland, Delta tule pea -/-/1B 55 tidal freshwater emergent wetland, Recovery Plan4 Lathyrus jepsonii var. jepsonii valley/foothill riparian Legenere -/-/1B Recov- 56 Vernal pool complex ery Plan9 Legenere limosa Heckard’s peppergrass 57 Lepidium latipes var. -/-/1B Vernal pool complex heckardii Tidal mudflats, tidal brackish emer- Mason’s lilaeopsis 58 gent wetland, tidal freshwater emer- Lilaeopsis masonii -/R/1B gent wetland, valley/foothill riparian

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70    Appendix C  No. Common Name/ Status (Feder- Natural Communities Supporting Scientific Name al/ Species Habitat State/CNPS)1 Tidal mudflats, tidal brackish emer- Delta mudwort 59 gent wetland, tidal freshwater emer- Limosella subulata -/-/2 gent wetland, valley/foothill riparian Antioch Dunes evening- E/E/1B Critical 60 primrose Oenothera deltoides Habitat Recov- Inland dune scrub ery Plan15 ssp. howellii Valley/foothill riparian Side-flowering skullcap 61 -/-/2 Scutellaria lateriflora Suisun Marsh aster Tidal brackish emergent wetland, 62 Symphyotrichum (formerly tidal freshwater emergent wetland, -/-/1B Aster lentus) lentum valley/foothill riparian Caper-fruited tropidocarpum 63 -/-/1B Grassland Tropidocarpum capparideum Note: This table provides the current list of proposed covered species. Additional species may be added and some of the species presented here may be removed from the covered species list as per continuing development of the BDCP. 1Status: Federal E = Listed as endangered under ESA T = Listed as threatened under ESA C = Candidate for listing under ESA State E = Listed as endangered under CESA T = Listed as threatened under CESA R = Listed as rare under the California Native Plant Protection Act SSC = California species of special concern FP = Fully protected under the California Fish and Game Code California Native Plant Society (CNPS) 1B = rare or endangered in California and elsewhere 2 = rare and endangered in California, more common elsewhere 2U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1998. Recovery plan for upland species of the San Joaquin Valley, California. Region 1, Portland, OR. 319 pp. 3U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1984. Salt marsh harvest mouse and California clapper rail recov- ery plan. Portland, OR. 4U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2009. Draft Recovery Plan for Tidal Marsh Ecosystems of Northern and Central California. Sacramento, California. xviii+636 pp. 5U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1998. Draft recovery plan for the least Bell’s vireo. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Portland, OR. 139 pp. 6U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1985. Recovery plan for the California least tern, Sterna antillarum browni. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Portland, OR. 112 pp. 7U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1999. Draft Recovery Plan for the Giant Garter Snake (Thamnopsis gigas). U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Portland, Pregon. ix+192 pp. 8U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2002. Recovery Plan for the California Red-legged Frog (Rana aurora draytonii). U.S. fish and Wildlife Service, Portland, Oregon. viii+173 pp.

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Appendix C    71  9U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2005. Recovery Plan for Vernal Pool Ecosystems of California and Southern Oregon. Portland, Oregon. xxvi + 606 pages. 10California Tiger Salamander distinct population segments are federally listed as endangered in Sonoma and Santa Barbara counties. 11National Marine Fisheries Service. 2009. Public Draft Recovery Plan for the Evolutionarily Sig- nificant Units of Sacramento River Winter-run Chinook Salmon and Central Valley Spring-run Chinook Salmon and the Distinct Population Segment of Central Valley Steelhead. Sacramento Protected Resources Division. October 2009. 12National Marine Fisheries Service. 1997. NMFS Proposed Recovery Plan for the Sacramento River winter-run Chinook Salmon. NMFS Southwest Region. Long Beach, CA. 13U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1995. Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta Native Fishes Recovery Plan. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Portland, Oregon. 14U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1984. Valley elderberry longhorn beetle Recovery Plan. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Portland, Oregon. 62 pp. 15U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1984. Revised recovery plan for three endangered species endem- ic to Antioch Dunes, California. 16U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Portland, Oregon SOURCE: BDCP (Bay Delta Conservation Plan Steering Committee). 2010. Bay Delta Conservation Plan Working Draft. November 18. Available online at: http://www.resources.ca.gov/bdcp/. Last accessed April 26, 2011.