Intergenerational equity: The fair distribution of costs and benefits among different generations.

Intragenerational equity: The fair distribution of costs and benefits among different groups of the same generation.

Knowledge management: Strategies that an organization uses to enable the creation of knowledge and to distribute this knowledge (OECD 2000).

Metrics: Defines the unit of measurement or how the indicator is being measured (OECD 2011a).

Multidisciplinary: Approach in which independent, discipline-specific members conduct separate assessment, planning, and provision of services within their own disciplines with little coordination of information (Dyer 2003).

Optimize: To select the best option from a set of possible alternatives.

Place-based: The use of a geographically defined area to integrate or coordinate programs. Projects that are based in a specific locale with measurable outcomes (Barca 2009).

Process: A systematic series of actions designed with a goal as the endpoint.

Resilience: The ability of a system or a community to absorb shocks and still retain the same basic structure and functions (USGS 2011).

Screening: The use of a model or analytic method designed to select which problems or decisions should be subject to further analysis (EPA 2011).

Sustainability: To create and maintain conditions under which humans and nature can exist in productive harmony and that permit fulfilling social, economic, and other requirements of present and future generations (NEPA 1969; Executive Order 13514, 2009).

Sustainability analysis: The identification and analysis of key factors that are likely to have an impact, either positively or negatively, on delivering sustainable benefits (AusAID 2000).

Sustainability impact assessment: Impact assessment where all three dimensions of sustainable development are integrated into one assessment procedure and where the interdependence of dimensions is analyzed before decisions are made (Berger 2008).

Sustainability principles: Idea that sustainability must balance the needs of three components or pillars—social, environmental, and economic.

Sustainability science: An emerging field of research dealing with the interactions between natural and social systems that seeks to facilitate a transition toward sustainability (Clark 2007).

Sustainability technology: Technologies that prevent, remove, and control environmental risks to human health and ecology (EPA 2010).

Sustainable development: Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs (WCED 1987).

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