by Design program as well as the Fossil Energy program. In 1981-1982 he served at the Department of Energy, evaluating alternative-energy methods for clean coal, coal liquefaction, and coal gasification. Dr. Skaggs earned a Ph.D. in materials science and an M.S. degree in nuclear engineering at the University of New Mexico and a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering at New Mexico College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts (now New Mexico State University). Dr. Skaggs has written more than 60 journal articles and reports in classified and unclassified areas. He is a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Hypervelocity Impact Society, and the American Defense Preparedness Association. He is also a member and founding president of the NMSU Mechanical Engineering Academy and founder of the Ceramics Modeling Working Group (a joint working group of the Department of Energy, the Department of Defense, and university and nonprofit scientific research organizations) as well as a founding member of the Advisory Council to the Dean of the College of Engineering at NMSU, having served as secretary from its founding until 2010.

Steven G. Wax is a technology consultant specializing in defense research and development (R&D). He supports defense clients in strategic planning and technology innovation across a range of scientific and engineering disciplines, including the physical sciences, materials, biology, biomedical, and mathematics. Prior to holding executive-level positions at Strategic Analysis, Inc., and SRI, International, Dr. Wax spent 35 years working for the Department of Defense as a civilian and a military officer. During that period, he performed and managed government R&D across a broad spectrum of classified and unclassified technology areas. His last government position was as director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), a $400-million-per-year office whose technology purview included the physical sciences, materials, mathematics, human effectiveness, and the biological sciences including biological warfare defense. As director, Dr. Wax was responsible for the office’s investment strategy as well as the transition of the Defense Science Office’s technologies to the military. His previous government positions also include deputy director of the Technology Reinvestment Project and an assignment to the National Reconnaissance Office. Dr. Wax is currently a member of the National Materials Advisory Board and past member of the Sandia National Laboratories’ External Review Panel for Materials. He recently served as an external reviewer of the discovery and innovation portfolio of the Office of Naval Research. He is also a member of the Air Force Research Laboratory’s Human Effectiveness Directorate’s independent review team and has supported the Advanced Research Projects Agency of the Department of Energy in its white paper evaluations. He was the winner of the George Kimball Burgess Memorial Award in 2009. Dr. Wax’s notable technical accomplishments include a major role in the development of the DARPA’s strategic plans for both biology and materials science as well as the co-development of two material sciences program thrusts (Intelligent Processing of Materials and Accelerated Insertion of Materials) that have revolutionized materials processing and insertion. He has also supported work in such diverse areas as ceramics, ceramic composites and fibers, electroactive polymers, materials processing, space materials and systems, advanced batteries, and personnel armor. Dr. Wax holds a Ph.D. in ceramic engineering from Georgia Institute of Technology, an M.S. in chemical engineering from the University of Illinois, and a B.S. in chemical engineering from the University of Massachusetts. Dr. Wax is a retired Air Force officer.

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