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such as IBM’s Tangora, eventually won the respect of many practically minded linguists or linguistic engineers and earned him many distinctions, including induction into the National Academy of Engineering. Jelinek can be considered a pioneering figure in the field of information-theoretic linguistics and its most prominent advocate.

In 1993 Jelinek retired from IBM and joined John Hopkins University as director of the Center for Language and Speech Processing and Julian Sinclair Smith Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering. Soon after joining Johns Hopkins, Jelinek started to organize the annual summer workshop on spoken-language research, which has benefitted many young-generation research engineers and students, even to this date.

Jelinek won numerous distinctions. He received the Signal Processing Society Award of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers in 1997, the ESCA Medal for Scientific Achievement in 1999, the European Language Resource Association’s first Antonio Zampolli Prize in 2004, the James L. Flanagan Speech and Audio Processing Award in 2005, and the 2009 Lifetime Achievement Award from the Association for Computational Linguistics. He received a honoris causa Ph.D. from Charles University in 2001 and was inducted into the National Academy of Engineering in 2006.

Fred Jelinek is survived by his wife, Czech screenwriter Milena Jelinek; a daughter and son; a sister and stepsister; and three grandchildren.

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