7. Failure to conform to standards and validate a design: Automotive lift
8. Lack of sufficient information and collective expertise to consummate a design: Dam collapse
9. Operation outside of design intent and specifications: Space shuttle Challenger
10. Foreseeable failure and lack of design change in light of field experience: Air France 4590
IV. Who Is an Engineer?
A. Academic Education and Training
C. Licensing, Registration, Certification, and Accreditation
V. Evaluating an Engineer’s Qualifications and Opinions
A. Qualification Issues and the Application of Daubert Standards
B. Information That Engineers Use to Form and Express Their Opinions
3. Modeling—mathematical and computational
5. Internal documents
VI. What Are the Types of Issues on Which Engineers May Testify?
A. Product Liability
4. Other issues
B. Special Issues Regarding Proof of Product Defect
C. Intellectual Property and Trade Secrets
D. Other Cases
VII. What Are Frequent Recurring Issues in Engineering Testimony?
A. Issues Commonly in Dispute
2. Standard of care
3. State of the art
4. Best practice
5. Regulations, standards, and codes
6. Other similar incidents
B. Demonstratives and Simulations
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Reference Guide on Engineering--Channing R. Robertson, John E. Moalli, and David L. Black ."
Reference Manual on Scientific Evidence: Third Edition . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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