their duties. Also, we need to know how better to protect the interests of the parties and the experts when such extraordinary procedures are used. We also need to know how best to prepare a scientist for the sometimes hostile legal environment that arises during depositions and cross-examination.29

It would also undoubtedly be helpful to recommend methods for efficiently educating (i.e., in a few hours) willing scientists in the ways of the courts, just as it would be helpful to develop training that might better equip judges to understand the ways of science and the ethical, as well as practical and legal, aspects of scientific testimony.30

In this age of science we must build legal foundations that are sound in science as well as in law. Scientists have offered their help. We in the legal community should accept that offer. We are in the process of doing so. This manual seeks to open legal institutional channels through which science—its learning, tools, and principles—may flow more easily and thereby better inform the law. The manual represents one part of a joint scientific–legal effort that will further the interests of truth and justice alike.

29. Laura L. Hooper et al., Neutral Science Panels: Two Examples of Panels of Court-Appointed Experts in the Breast Implants Product Liability Litigation 93–98 (Federal Judicial Center 2001); Barbara S. Hulka et al., Experience of a Scientific Panel Formed to Advise the Federal Judiciary on Silicone Breast Implants, 342 New Eng. J. Med. 812 (2000).

30. Gilbert S. Omenn, Enhancing the Role of the Scientific Expert Witness, 102 Envtl. Health Persp. 674 (1994).



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