needs of incarcerated women returning to the community. She now chairs the District of Columbia Commission on Disabilities and Tenure.

Ming W. Chin was appointed to the California Supreme Court in March 1996. Before being named to the high court, Justice Chin served from 1990 to 1996 on the First District Court of Appeal, Division Three, San Francisco. Prior to his appointment to the Court of Appeal, Justice Chin served on the bench of the Alameda County Superior Court. Previously, Justice Chin was a partner in an Oakland law firm specializing in business and commercial litigation. He also served as a prosecutor in the Alameda County District Attorney’s office. Justice Chin earned his bachelor’s degree in political science and law degree from the University of San Francisco. After his graduation from law school, Justice Chin served 2 years as a Captain in the U.S. Army, including a year in Vietnam, where he was awarded the Army Commendation Medal and the Bronze Star. Justice Chin chairs the Judicial Council of California’s Court Technology Advisory Committee, as well as the California Commission for Impartial Courts. He frequently lectures on DNA, genetics, and the courts. Justice Chin served as chair of the Judicial Council’s Science and the Law Steering Committee. In 2009 the Judicial Council named him California Jurist of the Year. He is an author of California Practice Guide: Employment Litigation (The Rutter Group 2011). He is also an author of California Practice Guide: Forensic DNA (The Rutter Group, to be published in 2012).

Pauline Newman is a Judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. She received a B.A. degree from Vassar College in 1947, M.A. in pure science from Columbia University in 1948, Ph.D. in chemistry from Yale University in 1952, and LL.B. from New York University School of Law in 1958. She was admitted to the New York bar in 1958 and to the Pennsylvania bar in 1979. Judge Newman worked as research scientist for the American Cyanamid Company from 1951 to 1954; as patent attorney and house counsel for the FMC Corp. from 1954 to 1984; and, since 1969, as director of the FMC Patent, Trademark, and Licensing Department. On leave from FMC Corp. in 1961–62, she worked for the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization as a science policy specialist in the Department of Natural Sciences. Offices in scientific and professional organizations include member of Council of the Patent, Trademark and Copyright Section of the American Bar Association, 1982–84; board of directors of the American Patent Law Association, 1981–84; vice president of the United States Trademark Association, 1978–79, and member of its board of directors, 1975–76, 1977–79; member of board of governors of the New York Patent Law Association, 1970–74; president of the Pacific Industrial Property Association, 1978–80; member of executive committee of the International Patent and Trademark Association, 1982–84; member of board of directors of the American Chemical Society, 1973–75, 1976–78, 1979–81; member of board of directors of the American



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