drop in, drop out, 151, 152, 153, 160

electropherogram, 144, 145-146, 182-183

genetic typing, 139-140, 152, 159, 182, 196 n.185

haplotype, 178, 181, 182, 204

Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, 165, 166, 204, 207

heterozygosity, 139, 140, 147, 183 n.139, 199, 204

homozygosity, 139, 140, 183 n.139, 199, 204

kinship and, 163, 190

ladders, 146, 147, 199

linkage equilibrium, 166, 205, 207

location description, 200

match, 205

mixtures of DNA, 182-183, 184-185

multilocus genotype, 166, 204

nonhuman DNA, 195, 196, 197, 198

null, 144

population frequencies, 148, 155, 163, 164-165, 166, 191, 195, 196 n.185, 197, 200, 203, 204-205, 207

preferential amplification, 144

probes, 140, 207, 209

randomly mating population, 165, 198, 204, 208

sex-typing test, 146-147

single-locus genotype, 204

size considerations, 153

at STR loci, 141-143, 144, 145-147, 153, 159, 182-183

three-allele locus, 183 n.140

variation, 142-143

at VNTR loci, 142, 199, 200, 202

Alternative hypotheses

beta error calculation in epidemiology, 582

DNA profiling, 205

hypothesis testing, 205, 254 n.106, 255 n.110, 257, 276, 278, 283, 297, 299, 300, 319-321, 353

multiple regression models, 319-321, 353

American Academy of Clinical Toxicologists, 678

American Academy of Environmental Medicine, 677 n.115

American Academy of Family Physicians, 735

American Academy of Forensic Sciences, 125

American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 823 n.52, 875

American Association for Public Opinion Research, 417

American Association for the Advancement of Science, 8, 39 n.3, 46

American Association on Mental Retardation, 371

American Bar Association, 8, 869

American Board of Bariatric Medicine, 699

American Board of Criminalistics, 156 n.52

American Board of Emergency Medicine, 676-677 n.114

American Board of Forensic Odontology (ABFO), 107

American Board of Forensic Psychology, 825 n.65

American Board of Forensic Toxicology, 69 n.78

American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS), 676, 677 n.114, 698, 699

American Board of Medical Toxicology, 676 n.114

American Board of Pediatrics, 677 n.114, 697 n.42

American Board of Preventive Medicine, 677 n.114

American Board of Professional Psychology, 874

American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, 697 n.42, 822, 823 n.52

American Board of Toxicology, 677, 678

American Cancer Association, 735

American Chemical Society, 46



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