11. Shulman, L.S. (1986). Those who understand: Knowledge growth in teaching. Educational Researcher, 15(2), 4-14.
12. Magnusson, S., Krajcik, J., and Borko, H. (1999). Nature, sources, and development of pedagogical content knowledge for science teaching. In J. Gess-Newsome and N.G. Lederman (Eds.), PCK and Science Education (pp. 95-132). Dodrecht, the Netherlands: Kluwer Academic.
13. Smith, D.C., and Anderson, C.W. (1999). Appropriating scientific practices and discourses with future elementary teachers. Journal on Research in Science Teaching, 36(7), 755-776.
14. Smith, D.C., and Neale, D.C. (1989). The construction of subject matter knowledge in primary science teaching. Teaching and Teacher Education, 5(1), 1-20.
15. Kokkotas, P., Vlachos, I., and Koulaidis, V. (1998). Teaching the topic of the particulate nature of matter in prospective teachers’ training courses. International Journal of Science Education, 20(3), 291-303.
16. Lin, H.-S., Cheng, H.-J., and Lawrenz, F. (2000). The assessment of students and teachers’ understanding of gas laws. Journal of Chemical Education, 77(2), 235-238.
17. Carlsen, W.S. (1991). The construction of subject matter knowledge in primary science teaching. In J.E. Brophy (Ed.), Advances in Research on Teaching, Volume 2: Teachers’ Subject Matter Knowledge and Classroom Instruction. New York: JAI Press.
18. Taylor, J.A., and Dana, T.M. (2003). Secondary school physics teachers’ conceptions of scientific evidence: An exploratory case study. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 40(8), 721-736.
19. De Jong, O., and van Driel, J.H. (2001). Developing Preservice Teachers’ Content Knowledge and PCK of Models and Modelling. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, St. Louis, MO.
20. National Research Council. (2002). Investigating the Influence of Standards: A Framework for Research in Mathematics, Science, and Technology Education. I.R. Weiss, M.S. Knapp, K.S. Hollweg, and G. Burrill (Eds.). Committee on Understanding the Influence of Standards in K-12 Science, Mathematics, and Technology Education, Center for Education. Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
21. Weiss, I.R. (2006). A framework for investigating the influence of national science standards. In D.W. Sunal and E.L. Wright (Eds.), The Impact of State and National Standards on K-12 Science Teaching (pp. 51-82). Greenwich, CT: Information Age.
22. Linn, M., and Eylon, B.-S. (2011). Science Learning and Instruction: Taking Advantage of Technology to Promote Knowledge Integration. New York: Routledge.
23. Briars, D.J., and Resnick, L.B. (2000). Standards, Assessments—and What Else? The Essential Elements of Standards-Based School Improvement. CSE Technical Report 528. Available: http://www.cse.ucla.edu/products/Reports/TECH528.pdf [June 2011].