Atlas of Science Literacy and, 13, 303

Benchmarks for Science Literacy and, 13, 16, 17, 23, 30, 89, 103, 141, 301

charge to committee, 15, 16

design teams, 17

NRC reports and, 23

NSES and, 13, 16, 17, 23, 30, 91-92, 103, 141, 242, 301, 332, 340

rationale for, 1, 8-10

research base, 2

Science College Board Standards for College Success and, 13, 17, 23, 30, 141, 218, 230, 303

Science Framework for the 2009 NAEP and, 13, 16, 17, 23, 303

Disciplinary core ideas (see also Earth and space sciences; Engineering and technology; Life sciences; Physical sciences

criteria for, 31

crosscutting concepts, 31

development, 17, 31

domains, 31

grade band endpoints, 33-34

information resources, 348-354

learning progressions, 26, 33-34

public feedback on, 341-343

rationale for delimiting, 11, 25, 30-31, 32-33

structure, 31-32

and understanding of science, 25

Disease transmission, prevention, and treatment, 9, 43, 47, 67, 87, 151, 152, 202

DNA, 85, 87, 144, 145, 148, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163, 223

Dynamic equilibrium, 98, 99-100

E

Earth and human activity

cause-and-effect mechanisms, 167, 187, 192

global climate change, 187, 196-198

grade band endpoints, 192, 193-194, 195-196, 198

human impacts on earth systems, 156-157, 167, 194-196

natural hazards, 170, 172, 191, 192-194

natural resource use, 161, 170, 191-192, 195, 196, 197, 212, 213

patterns in, 191-192, 193, 195

Earth and space sciences (see also Earth and human activity; Earth systems; Space sciences)

chemical reactions, 110

Earth-centric approach, 170

information resources, 170, 172, 352-353

and life sciences, 169

patterns in, 173, 174, 175, 176, 178, 182-183, 186, 187, 188, 191-192, 193, 195, 197 188, 189,

and physical sciences, 169

public feedback on, 342-343

relevance to human society, 172-173

scale in, 100, 169, 170, 179, 180, 181, 182-183, 186, 190, 238

Earth systems (see also Weather and climate)

atmosphere, 54, 57, 64, 95, 100, 103, 110, 148, 153, 154, 169, 179, 180, 181, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189-190, 191, 192, 194, 197-198, 223

biogeology, 189-190

biosphere, 139, 150, 153, 154, 169, 179, 180, 181, 191, 190, 191, 192, 194, 196, 197-198

carbon cycle, 110, 153, 154, 180, 189-190, 198, 223

cause-and-effect mechanisms, 179-180, 181, 185, 187, 190

geosphere, 139, 153, 154, 169, 179, 180, 181, 189

grade band endpoints, 180-182, 183, 184-186, 188-189, 190

hydrosphere, 169, 179, 181, 189, 190

interconnections and feedbacks, 169-170, 181

materials and systems, 179-182

matter and energy flows, 169, 179-180, 182

patterns in, 182-183, 185

plate tectonics and large-scale interactions, 97, 177, 178-179, 180, 181, 182-183

scale of interactions, 181

stability and change in, 180

water and surface processes, 179, 180, 181, 184-186

Earthquakes, 132, 172, 178, 182-183, 192, 193, 194

Economic sciences, 10, 13-14, 62, 128, 130, 191, 192, 193, 197, 202, 205, 212, 213, 299, 306

Ecosystems

carrying capacities, 151, 152, 154

cause-and effect mechanisms, 86, 89, 93, 167

cultural knowledge of, 307

data representation, 86

defined, 150

dynamics, functioning, and resilience, 100, 140, 141, 154-156



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