Technology (see Communications systems and devices; Engineering and technology)

Temperature

body, 145, 148, 149, 220, 223

and chemical reactions, 110-111

data sets, 62

ecosystem impacts, 99, 151, 155

and electromagnetic radiation, 134

energy transfer and, 112, 113, 121, 123, 124, 126

feedback loops, 99

mean surface, of Earth, 68, 100, 188, 189, 198

misunderstandings about, 313

and motion of particles, 120, 121, 123, 124, 229, 238

ocean, 185

and pressure, 96-97, 107, 109, 112, 113, 180, 227, 237

and stability in systems, 119

and state changes in matter, 70, 107, 108, 109, 110, 226, 227, 231, 232, 235-236, 237, 238

units and measurement, 91, 231, 313

and weather and climate, 185, 186, 188

Terminology and language of science, 67, 74, 76-77, 95-96, 100, 101, 115, 122, 123, 128, 247, 258, 285, 286

Theory

application of, 52, 79

defined, 67

modeling, 67

Thermal energy, 121, 122, 123, 125, 130, 136, 180, 181

Torricelli, Evangelista, 54

Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 141

Triangle Coalition, 345

U

University of Colorado at Boulder Biology Educators Group, 345

University of Washington, Seattle, 345

V

Vermont Department of Education, 345

Vision for K-12 science and engineering education

core ideas, 2, 11

goals, 8-10

learning progressions, 10-11

limitations of framework, 11-15

practices integrated with knowledge, 11

Volume, 90, 97, 107, 108, 231, 233, 235

W

Water

abundance, 185-186

evaporation and condensation, 98, 104, 108, 184, 185, 233, 234, 235, 236

cycle, 180, 184, 185

grade band endpoints, 184-186

matter and energy transfers, 96

pattern recognition in, 185

and surface processes, 179, 184-186

Waves

amplitude, 132, 133

cause-and-effect mechanisms, 132

color reflection and absorption, 135

electromagnetic radiation, 64, 112, 121, 122, 130, 133-136, 149, 188

energy transfer/conversion, 131, 133, 136

frequency, 132

grade band endpoints, 132-133, 134-136, 137

information technologies and instrumentation, 104, 130, 131, 132-133, 136-137, 342

light, 70, 89-90, 104, 106, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 121, 122, 123, 125, 128, 130, 131, 133-135, 136, 137, 147, 148, 149, 151, 153, 174, 189, 222, 223

modeling, 122, 132, 133, 135

patterns, 130, 131, 132, 132-133

photons, 112, 122, 135 (see also Light)

properties, 131-133

refraction, 132

resonance, 131, 133

seismic, 132, 181

sound, 104, 121, 122, 131

and structure and function, 131, 133

in water, 132, 184

wavelength, 125, 131-132, 134

Weak nuclear force, 88, 111, 112, 113, 116, 117, 118

Weather and climate

Earth systems interactions and, 179, 180, 186-189

El Nino Southern Oscillation conditions, 197

feedback loops, 187



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