Rappe C, Buser HR, Bosshardt HP. 1978. Identification and quantitation of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and dibenzofurans (PCDFs) in 2,4,5-T ester formulations and herbicide orange. Chemosphere 5:431–438.

Saito K, Nhu DD, Suzuki H, Kido T, Naganuma R, Sakakibara C, Tawara K, Nishijo M, Nakagawa H, Kusama K, Dung PT, Thom LH, Hung NN. 2010. Association between dioxin concentrations in breast milk and food group intake in Vietnam. Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine 15(1):48–56.

Schecter A, Ryan JJ, Constable JD. 1986. Chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin and dibenzofuran levels in human adipose tissue and milk samples from the north and south of Vietnam. Chemosphere 15:1613–1620.

Schecter A, Constable JD, Arghestani S, Tong H, Gross ML. 1987. Elevated levels 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzodioxin in adipose tissue of certain US veterans of the Vietnam war. Chemosphere 16:1997–2002.

Schecter A, Pavuk M, Constable JD, Dai LC, Papke O. 2002. A follow-up: High level of dioxin contamination in Vietnamese from Agent Orange, three decades after the end of spraying [letter]. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 44(3):218–220.

Schecter A, Quynh HT, Papke O, Tung KC, Constable JD. 2006. Agent Orange, dioxins, and other chemicals of concern in Vietnam: Update 2006. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 48(4):408–413.

Stellman JM, Stellman SD. 2003. Contractor’s Final Report: Characterizing Exposure of Veterans to Agent Orange and Other Herbicides in Vietnam. Submitted to the National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Medicine in fulfillment of Subcontract VA-5124-98-0019, June 30, 2003.

Stellman JM, Stellman SD, Christian R, Weber T, Tomasallo C. 2003a. The extent and patterns of usage of Agent Orange and other herbicides in Vietnam. Nature 422:681–687.

Stellman JM, Stellman SD, Weber T, Tomasallo C, Stellman AB, Christian R. 2003b. A geographic information system for characterizing exposure to Agent Orange and other herbicides in Vietnam. Environmental Health Perspectives 111:321–328.

Stellman SD, Stellman JM. 1986. Estimation of exposure to Agent Orange and other defoliants among American troops in Vietnam: A methodological approach. American Journal of Industrial Medicine 9:305–321.

Stellman SD, Stellman JM. 2004. Exposure opportunity models for Agent Orange, dioxin, and other military herbicides used in Vietnam, 1961–1971. Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology 14:354–362.

Stellman SD, Mager-Stellman J, Sommer JF Jr. 1988. Combat and herbicide exposures in Vietnam among a sample of American Legionnaires. Environmental Research 47:112–128.

Thomas TL, Kang HK. 1990. Mortality and morbidity among Army Chemical Corps Vietnam veterans: A preliminary report. American Journal of Industrial Medicine 18:665–673.

Tosine H. 1983. Dioxins: A Canadian perspective. In: Chlorinated Dioxins and Dibenzofurans in the Total Environment, Choudhary G, Keith LH, Rappe C, eds. Woburn, MA: Butterworth Publishers, pp. 3–14.

Warren WF. 1968. A Review of the Herbicide Program in South Vietnam. San Francisco: Scientific Advisory Group. Working Paper No. 10-68. NTIS AD-779-797.

Young AL. 1992. The Military Use of Herbicides in Vietnam. Presentation to the Institute of Medicine Committee to Review the Health Effects in Vietnam Veterans of Exposure to Herbicides. December 8, 1992. Washington, DC.

Young AL, Reggiani GM, eds. 1988. Agent Orange and Its Associated Dioxin: Assessment of a Controversy. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Young AL, Newton M. 2004. Long overlooked historical information on Agent Orange and TCDD following massive applications of 2,4,5-T-containing herbicides, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 11(4):209–221.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement