FACILITATING INNOVATION IN THE FEDERAL STATISTICAL SYSTEM

SUMMARY OF A WORKSHOP

Hermann Habermann, Rapporteur

Committee on National Statistics

Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS

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FACILITATING INNOVATION IN THE FEDERAL STATISTICAL SYSTEM Summar of a Workshop y Hermann Habermann, Rapporteur Committee on National Statistics Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

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NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20001 NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Gov- erning Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engi - neering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This study was supported by a consortium of federal agencies through a grant from the National Science Foundation (award number SES-0453930). Any opin - ions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the organizations or agencies that provided support for this project. International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-21461-2 International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-21461-0 Additional copies of this report are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, N.W., Lockbox 285, Washington, D.C. 20055; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313 (in the Washington metropolitan area); Internet, http://www.nap. edu. Copyright 2011 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America Suggested citation: National Research Council. (2011). Facilitating Innovation in the Federal Statistical System: Summary of a Workshop. Hermann Habermann, rappor- teur. Committee on National Statistics, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

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The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal govern - ment on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its mem - bers, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advis - ing the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Charles M. Vest is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in pro - viding services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone and Dr. Charles M. Vest are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council. www.national-academies.org

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STEERING COMMITTEE FOR THE WORKSHOP ON FACILITATING INNOVATION IN THE FEDERAL STATISTICAL SYSTEM THOMAS LOUIS (Chair), Department of Biostatistics, Johns Hopkins University LAWRENCE BROWN, Department of Statistics, The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania EMERSON J. ELLIOTT, Former Commissioner, National Center for Education Statistics and Director, Special Projects, National Council for Accreditation of Teachers Education, Washington, DC IVAN FELLEGI, Director (emeritus), Statistics Canada ROBERT GROVES, Director, U.S. Census Bureau SALLY C. MORTON, Department of Biostatistics, University of Pittsburgh EDWARD SONDIK, Director, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services HERMANN HABERMANN, Study Director BRIDGET EDMONDS, Administrative Assistant v

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COMMITTEE ON NATIONAL STATISTICS 2010-2011 LAWRENCE BROWN (Chair), Department of Statistics, The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania JOHN ABOWD, School of Industrial and Labor Relations, Cornell University ALICA CARRIQUIRY, Department of Statistics, Iowa State University WILLIAM DuMOUCHEL, Oracle Corporation, Waltham, Massachusetts V. JOSEPH HOTZ, Department of Economics, Duke University MICHAEL HOUT, Department of Sociology and Survey Research Center, University of California, Berkeley KAREN KAFADAR, Department of Statistics, Indiana University SALLIE KELLER, Science and Technology Policy Institute, Washington, DC LISA LYNCH, Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University SALLY C. MORTON, Department of Biostatistics, University of Pittsburgh JOSEPH NEWHOUSE, Division of Health Policy Research and Education, Harvard University SAMUEL H. PRESTON, Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania HAL STERN, Donald Bren School of Information and Computer Sciences, University of California, Irvine ROGER TOURANGEAU, Joint Program in Survey Methodology, University of Maryland, and Survey Research Center, University of Michigan ALAN ZASLAVSKY, Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School CONSTANCE F. CITRO, Director vi

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Acknowledgments T his report is a summary of the June 29, 2010, workshop on facilitat- ing innovation in the federal statistical system. The workshop was convened by the Committee on National Statistics (CNSTAT) of the Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (DBASSE) of the National Research Council (NRC). Support for the workshop was provided by a consortium of federal agencies through a grant from the National Science Foundation. As chair of the steering committee and rapporteur for the workshop summary, we wish to thank the members of the committee for their help- ful guidance and leadership in planning the workshop and moderating the sessions. We acknowledge with appreciation the many people who participated in the workshop and contributed to its success, particularly Katherine Wallman, chief statistician of the United States at the Office of Manage - ment and Budget, who helped us think through the logic of the sessions. We thank Robert Parker for preparing a background paper for the work- shop and everyone who spoke for their stimulating and insightful com - ments and discussion. We thank staff of CNSTAT and DBASSE, particularly Bridget Edmonds who was responsible for the administration of the workshop. This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the Report Review Committee of the NRC. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical vii

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viii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional stan- dards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this report: Emerson J. Elliott, Director, Special Projects, National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Educa- tion; Brian Harris-Kojetin, Statistical and Science Policy Office, Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget; Thomas B. Jabine, retired, Silver Spring, Maryland; J. Steven Landefeld, Director, Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce; and Victoria Velkoff, Assistant Division Chief, Population Estimates and Projections, Population Division, U.S. Census Bureau. Although the reviewers listed above have provided many construc- tive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release. The review of this report was overseen by John E. Rolph, Professor Emeritus of Statistics, Department of Industrial Operations and Management, Marshall School of Business, University of Southern California. Appointed by the NRC’s Report Review Committee, he was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the rapporteur and the institution. Thomas Louis, Chair Hermann Habermann, Rapporteur

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Contents 1 INTRODUCTION 1 2 SCOPE AND IMPORTANCE OF INNOVATION 9 3 BARRIERS TO INNOVATION 23 4 POSSIBLE REMEDIES TO BARRIERS 33 5 NEXT STEPS 41 REFERENCES 45 APPENDIXES A WORKSHOP AGENDA 47 B WORKSHOP ATTENDEES 51 ix

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