•    How did you get into Antarctic and/or Southern Ocean science? Are similar pathways available to others today?

•    Are you able to find suitable candidates (number, quality) for the Post-Doc positions you have available? If not, why?

•    Are you able to find suitable candidates for the graduate student positions you have available? If not, why?

•    Is there a “next generation of scientists” who will be able to continue to advance your scientific field for the next 20 years?

The questionnaire was distributed to approximately 1,000 people via various Antarctic and Arctic email distribution lists. There were a total of 205 respondents representing a variety of disciplines and backgrounds. Questionnaire respondents included graduate students (pre-Ph.D.) and early-career scientists, midcareer scientists, and late-career scientists (see Figure B.2). Most of the respondents have conducted field work in Antarctica and the Arctic. A number of questionnaire takers have conducted fieldwork in the Southern Ocean, and there were also respondents who have worked on modeling in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean (see Figure B.3).

Respondents represented a range of disciplines that were grouped into eight categories, as shown in Table B.1.

Questionnaire respondents were asked to identify three important science questions that will drive research in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean over the next 20 years. Approximately 600 answers to this question were received and they were grouped


FIGURE B.2 Distribution of the various career stages of questionnaire respondents.

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