Thorpe, K. E., C. S. Florence, and P. Joski. 2004. Which medical conditions account for the rise in health care spending? Health Affairs W4-437-W4-445.

TMJA (The TMJ Association). 2010. TMJD Basics. http://www.tmj.org/site/content/tmjd-basics (accessed June 30, 2011).

Todd, K. H., N. Samaroo, and J. R. Hoffman. 1993. Ethnicity as a risk factor for inadequate emergency department analgesia. Journal of the American Medical Association 269(12):1537-1539.

Todd, K. H., C. Deaton, A. P. D’Adamo, and L. Goe. 2000. Ethnicity and analgesic practice. Annals of Emergency Medicine 35(1):11-16.

Tsang, A., M. Von Korff, S. Lee, J. Alonso, E. Karam, M. C. Angermeyer, G. L. Borges, E. J. Bromet, K. Demytteneare, G. de Girolamo, R. de Graaf, O. Gureje, J. P. Lepine, J. M. Haro, D. Levinson, M. A. Oakley Browne, J. Posada-Villa, S. Seedat, and M. Watanabe. 2008. Common chronic pain conditions in developed and developing countries: Gender and age differences and comorbidity with depression-anxiety disorders. Journal of Pain 9:883-891.

U.K. Department of Health. 2009. 150 years of the chief medical officer: On the state of public health. Annual Report. London: U.K. Department of Health.

van den Beuken-van Everdingen, M. H. J., J. M. de Rijke, A. G. Kessels, H. C. Schouten, M. van Kleef, and J. Patjin. 2007. Prevalence of pain in patients with cancer: A systematic review of the past 40 years. Annals of Oncology 18(9):1437-1449.

Walco, G. A., R. H. Dworkin, E. J. Krane, A. A. LeBel, and R.-D. Treede. 2010. Neuropathic pain in children: Special considerations. Mayo Clinic Proceedings 85(3):S33-S41.

Washington, H. A. 2006. Medical apartheid: The dark history of medical experimentation on black Americans from colonial times to the present. New York: Harlem Moon.

Weiner, D., B. Peterson, and F. Keefe.1999. Chronic pain-associated behaviors in the nursing home: Resident versus caregiver perceptions. Pain 80(3):577-588.

Williams, D. R., and P. B. Jackson. 2005. Social sources of racial disparities in health. Health Affairs 24(2):325-334.

Wilner, A. N. 2008. Presentation by Donald Warne, Health Policy Research Director, InterTribal Council of Arizona, Inc., at Cultivating and Community of Care, a conference hosted by the American Academy of Pain Management and Meharry Medical College. http://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/581930 (accessed March 29, 2011).

Winner, P. 2004. Overview of pediatric headache. Current Treatment Options in Neurology 6(6):471-487.

Yelin, E., L. Murphy, M. G. Cisternas, A. J. Foreman, D. J. Pasta, and C. G. Helmick. 2007. Medical care expenditures and earnings losses among persons with arthritis and other rheumatic conditions in 2003, and comparisons with 1997. Arthritis & Rheumatology 56(5):1397-1407.

Zempsky, W. T., J. M. Corsi, and K. McKay. 2011. Pain scores: Are they used in sickle cell pain? Pediatric Emergency Care 27(1):27-28.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement