technical role, the lead scientist often has primary responsibility for animal care and use oversight.

Elucidation of international similarities and differences in the qualifications, authority, and role of the veterinarian in animal research programs will facilitate efforts to harmonize standards of animal care and welfare. It is important to understand the cultural and regulatory framework in which veterinarians work around the world, as well as the educational opportunities available to them. We should be familiar with the type of education and postgraduate experience achieved by the veterinarian to better gauge our expectations for the responsibilities and expertise of that individual. Any consideration of harmonizing veterinary care should include an assessment of the veterinary school curriculum, opportunities for postgraduate training (either in-country or outside the country), the country’s regulatory requirements, and training material resources (especially online resources in a variety of languages).


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