grant for veterinarians for the past 23 years and has trained 50 veterinarians for careers in biomedical research. He also has an NIH training grant for veterinary students and has introduced over 100 veterinary students to careers in biomedical research. He is a past member of the NIH/NCRR Scientific Advisory Council and of the ILAR Council (2005–2011).

Joseph W. Kemnitz, PhD, is Director of Translational Technologies and Resources at the Institute of Clinical and Translational Research and professor in the Department of Cellular and Regenerative Biology at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. Until recently he was based at the National Primate Research Center and served as its director from 1996 to 2010. Prior to that he was a member and chair of the IACUC for the Graduate School. His research has focused on nutrition and metabolism in the contexts of reproductive physiology and aging, primarily using rhesus macaques. He was a member of the ILAR Council from 2005 to 2011.

Hilton J. Klein, VMD, MS, is former Senior Director for Comparative Medicine at Merck Research Laboratories. He was also an adjunct assistant professor in the Department of Laboratory Animal Resources at the University of Pennsylvania. His research interests are in laboratory animal science, particularly in the field of laboratory animal infectious disease and surgical production of animal models. He served as a consultant to the Pan American Health Organization as Merck’s representative on nonhuman primate conservation. He was a member of the steering committee of the 2003 workshop and of the ILAR Council (1998–2005).

Judy A. MacArthur Clark, CBE, BVMS, DVMS, DLAS, DipECLAM, DACLAM, FSB, FRAgS, is Chief Inspector in the Animals Scientific Procedures Inspectorate of the Home Office in London, United Kingdom. From 2005 to 2007 she was Vice President of Worldwide Comparative Medicine at Pfizer in Groton, Connecticut, and before that (1992–2005) served as Director of Marketing and Sales at BioZone Ltd., which she cofounded. For over 20 years she has consulted on ethical policy development and improving public understanding of science. She is a member and former President of the UK Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons and has chaired or served as a member of many high-level national and international advisory committees on topics such as xenotransplantation, farm animal welfare, research funding priorities, and bioethics. She actively works on research regulation and policy development in the United Kingdom, Europe, and the United States. She is a member of the ILAR Council (2006–2012).

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