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Appendix A Committee Biographical Information Susan L. Cutter (Chair) University of South Carolina Susan L. Cutter, Chair, is a Carolina Distinguished Professor of Geography at the University of South Carolina, and director of the university’s Hazards and Vulnerability Research Institute. Her primary research interests are in the area of vulnerability/resiliency science—what makes people and the places where they live vulnerable to extreme events and how vulnerability and resilience are measured, monitored, and assessed. She has authored or edited 12 books, and more than 100 peer-reviewed articles and book chapters. Dr. Cutter has also led postevent field studies of the role of geographic information technologies in rescue and relief operations in the September 11, 2001, World Trade Center attack and studies of evacuation behavior from Three Mile Island (1979), Hur- ricane Floyd (1999), and the Graniteville, South Carolina, train derailment and chlorine spill (2005). She led a Hurricane Katrina postevent field team to coastal Mississippi (2006) and since then has been studying the community differences in long-term recovery of the Mississippi coast. She has provided expert testimony to Congress on hazards and vulnerability and was a member of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Interagency Performance Evaluation Taskforce that evaluated the social impacts of the New Orleans and Southeast Louisiana Hurricane Protection System in response to Hurricane Katrina. She has authored a Trends and Outlook report for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers on Natural and Human-Induced Disasters and other Factors Affecting Future Emergency Response and Hazard Management. Dr. Cutter serves on many national advisory boards and commit- tees, including those of the National Research Council, American Association 81

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82 APPENDIX A for the Advancement of Science, National Science Foundation, Natural Hazards Center, and the H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics, and the Envi- ronment. She is a member of the International Council for Science’s Integrated Research on Disaster Risk Scientific Committee. She is also a coordinating lead author of Chapter 5 of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Special Report on “Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation.” Dr. Cutter serves as co-executive edi- tor of Environment and is an associate editor of Weather, Climate, and Society. She is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and past president of the Association of American Geographers. Dr. Cutter is currently president of the Consortium of Social Science Associations. In 2006, Dr. Cutter was the recipient of the Decade of Behavior Research Award given by a multidisciplinary consortium of more than 50 national and international scientific organizations in the social and behavioral sciences. Dr. Cutter holds the Munich Re Foundation Chair (2009–2012) on Social Vulnerability through the United Nations University-Institute for Environment and Human Security, in Bonn, Germany. She received her B.A. from California State University, Hayward, and her M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Chicago. Joseph A. “Bud” Ahearn CH2M HILL Bud Ahearn (member, National Academy of Engineering) is a recently retired senior executive at CH2M HILL, where he was an executive leader in the engi- neering business lines of transportation, environment, water, industrial design, and related infrastructure. During his 18-year career at CH2M HILL, he served as vice chairman of the board with responsibilities for strategic planning, gov - ernmental affairs, strategic communications, and leadership development, and also served in several other capacities including Transportation Business Group president, eastern region manager, senior vice president, federal programs direc - tor, and principal-in-charge for two major transportation corridor projects in California. Before joining CH2M HILL, Mr. Ahearn had a distinguished military career spanning three decades; he achieved the rank of major general in the U.S. Air Force. During his 34 years with the Department of Defense, General Ahearn was responsible for shaping financial strategy, developing budgets, and execut - ing infrastructure programs totaling more than $7 billion annually. As the senior civil engineer for the U.S. Air Force, he directed the operational readiness and natural disaster response of U.S. Air Force combat engineers and the development and operations of all U.S. air bases around the world. Dedicated to advancing engineering education and providing sustainable systems and services in the developing countries, he is a founding sponsor and governing board director of Engineers Without Borders—U.S.A. Committed to strengthening the engineer- ing profession, he is an active distinguished member of the American Society of

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83 APPENDIX A Civil Engineers (ASCE), ASCE’s Industry Leaders Council (ILC), the National Academy of Engineering (NAE), and the National Academy of Construction (NAC). In addition to numerous military awards, General Ahearn received the Air Force Order of the Sword, the highest honor the Noncommissioned Officer Corps of the U.S. Air Force can bestow; the University of Notre Dame College of Engineering Honor Award for professional achievement; and the Newman Medal from the Society of American Military Engineers (SAME) for outstanding military engineering achievement in Europe. He also received the SAME Golden Eagle award for lifetime achievement and was named an honorary member of the American Institute of Architects. Bernard Amadei University of Colorado at Boulder Bernard Amadei (member, National Academy of Engineering) is professor of civil engineering at the University of Colorado at Boulder. His main research and teaching interests include rock mechanics and engineering geology, as well as sustainability and international development. At the university, he directs the Mortenson Center in Engineering for Developing Communities that has an overall mission to educate globally responsible engineering students and profes - sionals to offer sustainable and appropriate solutions to the endemic problems faced by developing communities. His research at the University of Colorado has been multidisciplinary. He has also provided consulting services to vari- ous engineering companies and organizations around the world. The founding president of Engineers Without Borders—USA and co-founder of Engineers Without Borders—International, Dr. Amadei’s goal is to promote sustainable development, appropriate technology, service learning, and system thinking in the curriculum and research of civil and environmental engineering programs at the University of Colorado at Boulder and other U.S. universities. He has co- authored several books and approximately 160 technical papers. Dr. Amadei is also a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He received his M.S. in civil engineering from the University of Toronto and his Ph.D. in civil engineer- ing from the University of California, Berkeley. Patrick Crawford Feeding America Patrick Crawford coordinates disaster preparedness and relief efforts for the Feed- ing America Network. His responsibilities include collaborating with national partners in the emergency management and nonprofit communities to ensure effective collection and distribution of donated food items following disaster. Mr. Crawford also directs internal operations during disaster by coordinating among several Feeding America departments, including Logistics, Food Sourc -

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84 APPENDIX A ing, Philanthropy, Communications, and Government Relations, and directly with more than 200 food banks throughout the network. Before joining Feeding America, Mr. Crawford served as the director of the Midwest region for James Lee Witt Associates (JLWA), a crisis and consequence management firm, where he led efforts in emergency preparedness, response, recovery, and mitigation and provided strategic counsel and government relations advice to mitigate future flood losses near the Mississippi and Missouri rivers. Mr. Crawford worked for more than 16 years with the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) in crisis and consequence management, including responses to floods, earthquakes, hurricanes, wildfires, and acts of terrorism. At FEMA he worked extensively in the Gulf region, following the catastrophic hurricanes Katrina and Rita, and in FEMA’s Region 9 (covering California, Arizona, Nevada, Hawaii, and U.S. ter- ritories in the Pacific), where he worked directly with state and local governments to build emergency response, recovery, mitigation, and preparedness capacity. Mr. Crawford served as a captain in the U.S. Army Chemical Corps where his primary responsibility was to ensure unit readiness for nuclear, biological, and chemical defense activities. He received his B.A. in government from the Univer- sity of Notre Dame and his M.A. in education from Loyola College of Maryland. Gerald E. Galloway, Jr. University of Maryland, College Park Gerald E. Galloway, Jr. (member, National Academy of Engineering) is the Glenn L. Martin Institute Professor of Engineering and an affiliate professor of public policy at the University of Maryland, College Park. His 38-year career in the mili- tary included the position as commander of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers District in Vicksburg, Mississippi, professor and founding head of the Depart- ment of Geography and Environmental Engineering, and dean of the Academic Board at the U.S. Military Academy. He was promoted to brigadier general in 1990 and retired from active duty in 1995. A civil engineer, public administra - tor, and geographer, Dr. Galloway’s research now focuses on the development of U.S. national water policy in general and national floodplain management policy in particular. He is a member of the National Research Council’s Water Science and Technology Board and the Disasters Roundtable. A member of the National Academy of Engineering, Dr. Galloway earned his M.S.E. at Princeton and his Ph.D. in geography (specializing in water resources) from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Michael F. Goodchild University of California, Santa Barbara Michael F. Goodchild (member, National Academy of Sciences) is a professor of geography and director of the Center for Spatial Studies and Center for Spatially

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85 APPENDIX A Integrated Social Science at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He is also chair of the Executive Committee of the National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis and associate director of the Alexandria Digital Library. He taught at the University of Western Ontario for 19 years before moving to his present position in 1988. His research interests focus on the issues of geographic information, including accuracy and the modeling of uncertainty, the design of spatial decision support systems, the development of methods of spatial analysis, and data structures for global geographic information systems. He has explored using digital information gathered by remote sensing satellites to create spatial and environmental models of the planet, make maps, and create digital libraries of geographic information that can be widely accessed electronically. He has also developed mathematical models to help quantify the difference between these geographic measurements and the reality of the world outside, so that geographic information can be accurately used. His research also includes digital libraries and problems associated with search, retrieval, and use of geographic informa - tion over the Internet; the potential for novel kinds of fieldwork enabled by fully mobile, wirelessly connected, and even wearable information technology; and the role of geographic information technologies in science and policy making. He has received several awards and published numerous books and journal articles. A member of the National Academy of Sciences, he has served on numerous National Research Council studies and standing committees as both member and chair. He received a B.A. in physics from Cambridge University and a Ph.D. in geography from McMaster University. Howard C. Kunreuther University of Pennsylvania, Wharton School of Business Howard Kunreuther is the Cecilia Yen Koo Professor of Decision Sciences and Public Policy at the Wharton School and co-director of the Wharton Risk Man - agement and Decision Processes Center. He has a long-standing interest in ways that society can better manage low-probability/high-consequence events related to technological and natural hazards and has published widely in these areas. Dr. Kunreuther is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and recently served as a member of the National Acad - emy of Sciences Panel on Adaptation Strategies for Climate Change. He is a distinguished fellow of the Society for Risk Analysis, receiving the Society’s Distinguished Achievement Award in 2001. He cochaired the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on “Innovation and Leadership in Reducing Risks from Natural Disasters” and is a member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Humanitarian Assistance, and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development’s High Level Advisory Board on Finan- cial Management of Large-scale Catastrophes. His most recent books are At War with the Weather (with Erwann Michel-Kerjan, July 2009, MIT Press),

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86 APPENDIX A and Learning from Catastrophes: Strategies for Reaction and Response (with Michael Useem, December 2009, Wharton School Publishing). He received his A.B. in economics from Bates College and his Ph.D. in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Meredith Li-Vollmer Public Health, Seattle and King County Meredith Li-Vollmer is a risk communication specialist for Public Health, Seattle and King County, where she leads planning for communications during emer- gencies, with a particular focus on strengthening the capacity of public health to reach those most at risk during emergencies. In this role, she conducts audi - ence research, directs public engagement projects, and develops strategies and materials for public outreach. In 2009 she directed a Public Engagement Project on Medical Service Prioritization During an Influenza Pandemic, funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and presented the findings to a workshop of the Institute of Medicine. More recently, she led a local public engagement project on H1N1 vaccine. Dr. Li-Vollmer is also a researcher with the University of Washington Preparedness and Emergency Response Research Center and a clinical assistant professor at the University of Washington School of Public Health and Community Medicine. Her work has received multiple awards, including the Model Practice Award from the National Association of City and County Health Officials (NACCHO) and the Gold Award for Excellence from the National Public Health Information Coalition. Before joining Public Health, Seattle and King County, she taught communications at the University of Washington. She received her Ph.D. in communication from the University of Washington. Monica Schoch-Spana University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Monica Schoch-Spana, a medical anthropologist, is a senior associate with the Center for Biosecurity of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) and an assistant professor in the School of Medicine Division of Infectious Diseases. The Biosecurity Center works to affect policy and practice in ways that lessen the illness, death, and civil disruption that would follow large-scale epidemics, whether they occur naturally or result from the use of a biological weapon. She has led research, education, and advocacy efforts to encourage greater consideration by authorities of the general public’s capacity to confront bioattacks and epidemics constructively. In 2009 she organized the national conference Resilient American Communities: Progress in Policy and Practice and chaired the Resilience Research Work Group. In 2006 she oversaw the Working Group on Citizen Engagement in Health Emergency Planning and was

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87 APPENDIX A the principal organizer for the U.S.-Canada summit on Disease, Disaster, and Democracy—The Public’s Stake in Health Emergency Planning. In 2003 she organized the national meeting Leadership During Bioterrorism: The Public as an Asset, Not a Problem, and chaired the Working Group on “Governance Dilemmas” in Bioterrorism Response that issued consensus recommendations to mayors, governors, and top health officials nationwide in 2004. For more than 10 years, Schoch-Spana has briefed numerous federal, state, and local officials, as well as medical, public health, and public safety professionals on critical issues in biosecurity. National advisory roles include serving on the Steering Commit - tee of the Disaster Roundtable of the National Research Council (NRC), the Institute of Medicine Standing Committee on Medical Readiness, and the NRC Committee to Review the Department of Homeland Security’s Approach to Risk Analysis. She serves on the faculty for the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START), a university-based center of excellence supported by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. In 2003, Dr. Schoch-Spana helped establish the Biosecurity Center of UPMC; starting in 1998 she worked at the Johns Hopkins Center for Civilian Biodefense Strategies. She received her Ph.D. in cultural anthropology from Johns Hopkins University and B.A. from Bryn Mawr College. Susan C. Scrimshaw The Sage Colleges Susan C. Scrimshaw (member, Institute of Medicine) is president of the Sage Colleges. She moved to Sage after serving as president of Simmons College. Dr. Scrimshaw was formerly dean of the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) School of Public Health and professor of community health sciences and anthro - pology at UIC. Under her leadership, the UIC School of Public Health estab- lished a wide range of community, regional, and national partnership initiatives, including addressing disparities in the delivery of health care, improving preg - nancy outcomes, maternal and child health, healthy aging, violence prevention, cancer prevention, AIDS-STD prevention, and occupational and environmental health issues. While dean of the School of Public Health, she led the school in a national role in responding to the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks. Her own interdisciplinary research has focused on gender, race, ethnicity, and culture, and their impact on public health and includes community participatory research methods, addressing health disparities, improving pregnancy outcomes, violence prevention, health literacy, and culturally appropriate delivery of health care. She has been frequently honored for her work in raising awareness of public health issues around the world, including minority populations in the United States. Her awards include a gold medal as a “Hero of Public Health” presented by the presi- dent of Mexico, and the Margaret Mead Award of the American Anthropological Association. She is the author of 5 books or monographs and 65 journal articles

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88 APPENDIX A and book chapters. She is past president of the Society for Medical Anthropol - ogy, a member and past chair of the Association of Schools of Public Health, and a member of the board of directors of the U.S.-Mexico Foundation for Science, which advocates for scientific collaboration between the two countries. She was a founding member of the task force on Community Preventive Services of the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In 2006, she was awarded the Illinois Public Health Association’s highest honor, the Distinguished Service Award, in recognition of her service in research, teaching, and public health practice. She is a member of the governing council of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies and has served on several of its panels and boards. She recently chaired the Institute of Medicine’s Committee on Communication for Behavior Change in the 21st Century: Improving the Health of Diverse Popula- tions. Dr. Scrimshaw is a fellow of the American Association of the Advancement of Science. Ellis M. Stanley, Sr. Dewberry Ellis M. Stanley, Sr. is vice-president of Western Emergency Management Ser- vices at Dewberry LLC. Before joining Dewberry, Mr. Stanley served as general manager of the City of Los Angeles Emergency Preparedness Department, where he worked for 10 years. With 35 years of experience in the emergency manage- ment field, Mr. Stanley has worked at four national political conventions, the 1996 Olympic Games in Atlanta, and the 1994 papal visit and World Youth Conference in Denver. He has served as past president of the International Association of Emergency Managers and has led delegations of emergency management profes- sionals to China, Japan, and other countries. A member of the National Research Council’s Disasters Roundtable, he received his B.A. in political science from the University of North Carolina. Gene Whitney Congressional Research Service Gene Whitney is energy research manager for the Congressional Research Ser- vice at the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C. Previously, he was assistant director for environment at the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP). His work at OSTP focused on the science and technology policy aspects of earth sciences; natural hazards and disasters; energy, water, land remote sensing; environment, and natural resources. He served as co-chair of the U.S. Group on Earth Observations and was OSTP liaison to the U.S. Climate Change Science Program. He directed the Future of Land Imaging Interagency Working Group, and served as National Science Technology Council director for the Subcommittee on Disaster Reduction and the Subcommittee on Water

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89 APPENDIX A Availability and Quality. Dr. Whitney coordinated the federal interagency sci - ence and technology portfolio for the United States in UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization). He served as a member of the Joint U.S.-Canada Task Force investigating the massive electrical blackout of August 14, 2003 in the northeastern United States and southern Canada, and worked with the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology on national energy efficiency policy. Before OSTP, Dr. Whitney was chief scientist for the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Energy Resources Team, where he man- aged the energy research and assessment group, conducting basic research on the geology, geochemistry, and geophysics of fossil fuels, conducting national and global assessments of oil, natural gas, and coal resources, and assessing avail - ability and economics of fossil fuels. He has authored or co-authored numerous scientific papers and abstracts. He received a National Research Council post - doctoral fellowship at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory and was awarded a senior postdoctoral fellowship at École Normale Supérieure in Paris. His international experience includes working with the governments of China, Russia, Pakistan, Algeria, Bangladesh, and Japan on energy and mineral resource issues. Dr. Whitney received his Ph.D. in geology from the University of Illinois. Mary Lou Zoback Risk Management Solutions, Inc. Mary Lou Zoback (member, National Academy of Sciences) is recently retired as vice president of Earthquake Risk Applications with Risk Management Solu - tions in Newark, California. RMS is the world’s leading catastrophe modeling firm. Her responsibilities at RMS include leading initiatives on the significance of risk quantification for expanding the societal role of earthquake insurance, disaster management, and risk reduction activities worldwide. She previously served as chief scientist of the U.S. Geological Survey’s (USGS) Earthquake Hazards team in Menlo Park, California, and also as regional coordinator for the USGS Northern California Earthquake Hazards Program. From 2003 to 2006, she was chair of the steering committee for the 1906 Earthquake Centennial Alliance, a nonprofit promoting public outreach on seismic safety and coordinat - ing more than 280 groups and organizations that put on events to commemorate the 1906 earthquake. She has served on numerous national committees and panels on topics ranging from defining the next generation of Earth observations from space, storage of high-level radioactive waste, facilitating interdisciplin - ary research, and science education. She is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, a past president of the Geological Society of America (GSA), a member of the board of directors of the Seismological Society of America, and currently serves on the National Research Council’s Disasters Roundtable. She is the recipient of the 2007 GSA Day Medal, 2007 GSA Public Service Award, the

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90 APPENDIX A Leadership, Innovation, and Outstanding Accomplishments in Earthquake Risk Reduction Award from the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (2006), and the American Geophysical Union (AGU) Macelwane Award for Young Sci- entists (1987). She joined the USGS in 1978 after receiving her B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. in geophysics from Stanford University.