Availability and Quality. Dr. Whitney coordinated the federal interagency science and technology portfolio for the United States in UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization). He served as a member of the Joint U.S.-Canada Task Force investigating the massive electrical blackout of August 14, 2003 in the northeastern United States and southern Canada, and worked with the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology on national energy efficiency policy. Before OSTP, Dr. Whitney was chief scientist for the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Energy Resources Team, where he managed the energy research and assessment group, conducting basic research on the geology, geochemistry, and geophysics of fossil fuels, conducting national and global assessments of oil, natural gas, and coal resources, and assessing availability and economics of fossil fuels. He has authored or co-authored numerous scientific papers and abstracts. He received a National Research Council postdoctoral fellowship at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory and was awarded a senior postdoctoral fellowship at École Normale Supérieure in Paris. His international experience includes working with the governments of China, Russia, Pakistan, Algeria, Bangladesh, and Japan on energy and mineral resource issues. Dr. Whitney received his Ph.D. in geology from the University of Illinois.

Mary Lou Zoback
Risk Management Solutions, Inc.

Mary Lou Zoback (member, National Academy of Sciences) is recently retired as vice president of Earthquake Risk Applications with Risk Management Solutions in Newark, California. RMS is the world’s leading catastrophe modeling firm. Her responsibilities at RMS include leading initiatives on the significance of risk quantification for expanding the societal role of earthquake insurance, disaster management, and risk reduction activities worldwide. She previously served as chief scientist of the U.S. Geological Survey’s (USGS) Earthquake Hazards team in Menlo Park, California, and also as regional coordinator for the USGS Northern California Earthquake Hazards Program. From 2003 to 2006, she was chair of the steering committee for the 1906 Earthquake Centennial Alliance, a nonprofit promoting public outreach on seismic safety and coordinating more than 280 groups and organizations that put on events to commemorate the 1906 earthquake. She has served on numerous national committees and panels on topics ranging from defining the next generation of Earth observations from space, storage of high-level radioactive waste, facilitating interdisciplinary research, and science education. She is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, a past president of the Geological Society of America (GSA), a member of the board of directors of the Seismological Society of America, and currently serves on the National Research Council’s Disasters Roundtable. She is the recipient of the 2007 GSA Day Medal, 2007 GSA Public Service Award, the



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