ALPHATECH (now BAE). He holds two patents, has published many scholarly papers, and is an editor of Emergent Information Technologies and Enabling Policies for Counter-Terrorism, published in 2006 by Wiley-IEEE Press. He served on active duty in the U.S. Air Force in the 1980s as an aircraft maintenance technician of F-106 fighters and B-52 bombers. He received his Ph.D. in electrical engineering from the University of Connecticut.

Michael J. Williams, Gen, USMC (Ret.), Co-Chair, is currently an independent consultant, having retired from the U.S. Marine Corps after 35 years of service. In his last position, he served as Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps. His previous assignments include Deputy Chief of Staff, Programs and Resources, Headquarters, Marine Corps; Commander, Marine Corps Systems Command; Commanding General, Joint Task Force 160, a humanitarian relief effort for Haitian and Cuban migrants at Guantanamo Naval Base, Cuba; Commander, 2d Force Service Support Group; Vice Director for Operational Plans and Interoperability, J-7; and Vice Director, Joint Staff for Military Education, The Joint Staff. General Williams was Commander, Marine Aircraft Group 26, and deployed to Saudi Arabia to participate in Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm. His personal decorations include the Defense Superior Service Medal with gold star; Legion of Merit with gold star; Bronze Star Medal with Combat “V”; Meritorious Service Medal; Air Medal with Strike Flight Numerals “25” and bronze star; and Navy Commendation Medal with gold star and Combat “V.” General Williams is a former member of the Defense Science Board (DSB) and served as co-chair of the DSB Task Force on Deployment of Members of the National Guard and Reserves in the Global War on Terror. He holds master’s degrees from the University of Southern California and the College of Naval Warfare.

Peter A. Beling is an associate professor in the Department of Systems and Information Engineering at the University of Virginia, having joined the faculty there in 1993. Previously, he held positions at the Center for Naval Analyses, where he worked primarily on analyses of Marine Corps operations, and at IBM Almaden Research, where he studied algorithms for parallel and distributed optimization. Dr. Beling’s research interests are in the area of decision making in complex systems, with emphasis on Bayesian scoring models, machine learning, and mathematical optimization. His research has found application in a variety of domains, including reconnaissance and surveillance, education and training, and lender and consumer-credit decision making. Dr. Beling is the founder of the Financial Engineering Research Group at the University of Virginia, which is a focal point for research on the mathematical modeling and risk management aspects of consumer and retail credit. He is also active in the University of Virginia site of the Wireless Internet Center for Advanced Technology, which is an Industry-University Cooperative Research Center sponsored by the National Science Foundation. He has served as reviewer or editor for a number of academic

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