We gratefully acknowledge the support of private contributors to the National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Medicine, and National Research Council. The collective, private philanthropy of our members and friends helps to enhance the National Academies’ impact as advisors to the nation. Contributions to the National Academy of Engineering are recognized in the NAE Annual Report and The Bridge.

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  2010 PRIVATE CONTRIBUTIONS We gratefully acknowledge the support of private contributors to the National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Medicine, and National Research Council. The collective, private philanthropy of our members and friends helps to enhance the National Academies’ impact as advisors to the nation. Contributions to the National Academy of Engineering are recognized in the NAE Annual Report and The Bridge. Einstein Society In recognition of members and friends who have made lifetime contributions of $100,000 or more to the National Academies as personal gifts or as gifts facilitated by the donor through a donor advised fund, matching gift program, or family foundation. Anonymous George and Maggie Eads William I. Koch Simon Ramo John Abelson Robert and Cornelia Jill H. Kramer Carol and David Richards Bruce and Betty Alberts Eaton John W. Landis Anne and Walt Robb Rose-Marie and Jack R. Emanuel Epstein William W. Lang Henry M. Rowan Anderson Richard Evans* Gerald and Doris Laubach George Rowe, Jr. John and Lise Armstrong Harvey V. Fineberg and David M. Lederman Jack W. and Valerie Richard C. and Rita Mary E. Wilson Whitney and Betty Rowe Atkinson Tobie and Dan Fink MacMillan Mrs. Joseph E. Rowe Norman R. Augustine George and Ann Fisher William W. McGuire William J. Rutter Francisco J. and Hana Harold K. and Betty A. Burton and DeeDee Stephen and Anne Ryan Ayala Forsen McMurtry Jillian Sackler William F. Ballhaus, Sr. William L. and Mary Kay Richard and Ronay Raymond and Beverly Craig and Barbara Barrett Friend Menschel Sackler Thomas D. Barrow* Eugene Garfield Dane and Mary Louise Henry and Susan Samueli Jordan and Rhoda Baruch William H. Gates, III Miller Bernard G. and Rhoda Warren L. Batts T. H. Geballe Mrs. G. William Miller Sarnat Stephen D. Bechtel, Jr. Penny and Bill George George P. Mitchell Maxine L. Savitz Kenneth E. Behring Nan and Chuck Geschke Gordon and Betty Moore Leonard D. Schaeffer C. Gordon Bell Bernard M. Gordon Joe and Glenna Moore Wendy and Eric Schmidt Elwyn and Jennifer Barbara N. Grossman David and Lindsay Sara Lee and Axel Schupf Berlekamp Corbin Gwaltney Morgenthaler Shep and Carol Ruth Diane and Norman Margaret A. Hamburg Richard M. Morrow Shepherd Bernstein and Peter F. Brown Philip and Sima Melvin I. Simon Mrs. Elkan R. Blout William M. Haney, III Needleman Georges C. St. Laurent, Harry E. Bovay, Jr. Michael and Sheila Held Gerda K. Nelson* Jr. David G. Bradley Jane Hirsh Ralph S. O'Connor Edward C. Stone Donald L. Bren M. Blakeman Ingle Peter O'Donnell, Jr. John and Janet Swanson Sydney Brenner Joan and Irwin Mark Kenneth H. Olsen* Judy Swanson Peg Byrom Jacobs Doris Pankow Charlotte and Morry Russell L. Carson Robert L. and Anne K. Lawrence and Carol Tanenbaum Ralph J. and Carol M. James Papay Ted Turner Cicerone Anita K. Jones Jack S. Parker Leslie L. Vadasz A. James Clark Thomas V. Jones Shela and Kumar Patel Roy and Diana Vagelos James McConnell Clark Trevor O. Jones Edward E. Penhoet Charles M. and Rebecca Dale and Jeanne Compton Kenneth A. Jonsson* Percy Pollard M. Vest Roman W. DeSanctis Yuet Wai and Alvera Kan Robert A. Pritzker John C. Whitehead Robert and Florence Fred Kavli Allen E. and Marilyn Wm. A. Wulf Deutsch Cindy and Jeong Kim Puckett Alejandro Zaffaroni Charles W. Duncan. Jr. Frederick A. Klingenstein Ann and Michael Ramage Janet and Jerry Zucker * Recently Deceased 24

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The Elkan Blout Society of the National Academy of Sciences In recognition of members of the National Academy of Sciences who have made lifetime contributions of $20,000 to $99,999 to the National Academies as personal gifts or as gifts facilitated by the donor through a donor advised fund, matching gift program, or family foundation. Andreas Acrivos Stephen H. Crandall Bonnie Berger and Frank Eric M. Shooter Clarence R. Allen James F. Crow Thomson Leighton Maxine F. Singer Bishnu S. Atal Pedro M. Cuatrecasas Johanna Levelt Sengers Robert L. Sinsheimer John D. Baldeschwieler Paul M. Doty Kenneth G. McKay* H. Guyford Stever* William J. Baumol Mildred S. Dresselhaus Jane Menken Lubert Stryer Paul Berg William K. Estes James K. Mitchell F. William Studier R. Stephen Berry H. Frauenfelder John L. Moll Patrick Suppes Floyd E. Bloom Richard L. Garwin Arno G. Motulsky Martha Vaughan Lewis M. Branscomb George Gloeckler Norman F. Ness Andrew J. Viterbi Daniel Branton David V. Goeddel Frank Press Peter K. Vogt Harold Brown William E. Gordon* Roy Radner and Charlotte Irving L. Weissman Purnell W. Choppin John L. Hennessy Kuh Carl E. Wieman Morrel H. Cohen Thomas Kailath Helen M. Ranney* Torsten N. Wiesel Stirling A. Colgate A. Dale Kaiser Alexander Rich Jean D. Wilson Barry and Bobbi Coller James S. and Elinor G. Ronald L. Rivest Charles Yanofsky Ellis and Bettsy Cowling Langer Paul R. Schimmel The IOM Society of the Institute of Medicine In recognition of members of the Institute of Medicine who have made lifetime contributions of $20,000 to $99,999 to the National Academies as personal gifts or as gifts facilitated by the donor through a donor advised fund, matching gift program, or family foundation. Dyanne D. Affonso Mary Sue Coleman Richard B. Johnston, Jr. Helen M. Ranney* Drew E. Altman Barry and Bobbi Coller Margaret E. Mahoney Alexander Rich John R. Ball Colleen Conway-Welch J. Michael McGinnis William C. Richardson Jack D. Barchas James F. Crow Arno G. Motulsky Henry W. Riecken Paul Berg Pedro M. Cuatrecasas Van C. and Barbara Mow Sheila A. Ryan Floyd E. Bloom William H. Danforth Mary O. Mundinger Charles A. Sanders Lewis M. Branscomb Richard L. Garwin Woodrow A. Myers, Jr. Kenneth I. Shine Robert and Lillian Brent James R. Gavin, III Robert M. Nerem Eric M. Shooter Roger J. Bulger Bradford H. Gray Gilbert S. Omenn Maxine F. Singer Purnell W. Choppin William N. Hubbard, Jr. June E. Osborn Robert L. Sinsheimer Robert E. Tranquada Irving L. Weissman Jean D. Wilson Rosemary A. Stevens Peter K. Vogt Torsten N. Wiesel Tadataka Yamada Samuel O. Thier Gail L. Warden C. Kern Wildenthal Warren M. Zapol Heritage Society In recognition of members and friends who have contributed to the future of the National Academies through life income, bequests, and other estate and planned gifts. Andreas Acrivos Franklin H. Blecher Ellis and Bettsy Cowling Richard Evans* Gene M. Amdahl Daniel Branton Barbara J. Culliton Robert C. Forney John C. Angus Robert and Lillian Brent Malcolm R. Currie Paul H. Gilbert John and Lise Armstrong Corale L. Brierley Ruth M. Davis Martin E. Glicksman Norman R. Augustine James A. Brierley Peter N. Devreotes George Gloeckler Jack D. Barchas John A. Clements Paul M. Doty Chushiro Hayashi* Stanley Baum D. Walter Cohen Mildred S. Dresselhaus Michael and Sheila Held Stephen D. Bechtel, Jr. Morrel H. Cohen Gerard W. Elverum Thomas S. Inui Clyde J. Behney Stanley N. Cohen Emanuel Epstein Richard B. Johnston, Jr. Paul Berg Colleen Conway-Welch William K. Estes Anita K. Jones * Recently Deceased 25

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  Jerome Kagan Philip and Sima Emanuel P. Rivers John and Janet Swanson John W. Landis Needleman Richard J. and Bonnie B. John A. Swets Norma M. Lang Norman F. Ness Robbins Esther S. Takeuchi William W. Lang Ronald Nordgren James F. Roth Paul Talalay Thomas M. Leps* Gilbert S. Omenn Sheila A. Ryan Ivan M. Viest R. Duncan Luce William and Constance Paul R. Schimmel Willis H. Ware Thomas S. Maddock Opie Stuart F. Schlossman Robert H. Wertheim Artur Mager Bradford W. and Virginia Kenneth I. Shine Maw-Kuen Wu Jane Menken Parkinson Robert L. Sinsheimer Wm. A. Wulf Gordon and Betty Moore Zack T. Pate Arnold and Constance Charles Yanofsky Arno G. Motulsky Frank Press Stancell Michael Zubkoff Van C. and Barbara Mow Simon Ramo H. Eugene Stanley Guido Munch Alexander Rich Dale F. Stein Mary O. Mundinger Henry W. Riecken Rosemary A. Stevens The Presidents’ Circle The Presidents’ Circle is an advisory and philanthropic support group of the National Academies. Donations by members of the Presidents’ Circle help promote awareness of science, technology, and medicine in our society and a better understanding of the work of the National Academies. Members Anonymous (2) George C. Eads Davis Masten Jillian Sackler Drew E. Altman Richard N. Foster John F. McDonnell Axel Schupf Norman R. Augustine Jack M. Gill Charles H. McTier Sara L. Schupf Donald R. Beall Jane Hirsh David T. Morgenthaler Susan E. Siegel Malin Burnham Charles O. Holliday, Jr. Darla Mueller Thomas C. Sutton Leslie B. Daniels Christopher Ireland Peter O'Donnell, Jr. Judy Swanson Charles R. Denham Irwin Mark Jacobs Frank Press Carole S. Young Ralph C. Derrickson William I. Koch Robert A. Pritzker James F. Young Meredith L. Dreiss Jill H. Kramer John S. Reed Presidents’ Circle Emeritus Jack R. Anderson James McConnell Clark Scott A. Jones Patricia S. Nettleship Thomas D. Barrow* Dollie Cole William F. Kieschnick Jack S. Parker Ernest A. Bates Nancy E. Conrad Gerald D. Laubach Charles W. Robinson Berkley Bedell Howard E. Cox, Jr. Richard J. Mahoney Neil R. Rolde Diane Bernstein Charles W. Duncan, Jr. Robert H. Malott Harvey S. Sadow E. Cabell Brand Raymond E. Galvin Burton J. McMurtry H. R. Shepherd Louis W. Cabot Eugene Garfield Kamal K. Midha Georges C. St. Laurent, Jr. Wiley N. Caldwell Samuel F. Heffner, Jr. George P. Mitchell Deborah Szekely M. Blouke Carus M. Blakeman Ingle Joe F. Moore Robert H. Waterman Robert L. James Robert W. Morey, Jr. Margaret S. Wilson * Recently Deceased 26

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Catalyst Society In recognition of members and friends of the NAS, IOM, and NRC who contributed $10,000 or more in collective support for the National Academies in 2010. We acknowledge those contributions made as personal gifts or as gifts facilitated by the donor through a donor advised fund, matching gift program, or family foundation. Anonymous Penny and Bill George Mrs. G. William Miller Alejandro Santo Domingo Bruce and Betty Jack M. Gill George P. Mitchell Lilly Scarpetta Alberts Mark L. Green Robert W. and Maura Leonard D. Schaeffer Francisco J. and Hana Christopher Ireland Morey Jack W. Schuler Ayala Joan and Irwin Mark David and Lindsay Kenneth I. Shine Thomas D. Barrow* Jacobs Morgenthaler Maxine F. Singer Donald R. Beall Richard B. Johnston, Jr. Philip and Sima Georges C. St. Laurent, Jr. Diane and Norman Fred Kavli Needleman Edward C. Stone Bernstein William I. Koch Gerda K. Nelson* Judy Swanson Sydney Brenner Bonnie Berger and Frank Peter O'Donnell, Jr. Samuel O. Thier Russell L. Carson Thomson Leighton Edward E. Penhoet Roy and Diana Vagelos Ralph J. and Carol M. Whitney and Betty Simon Ramo Andrew J. Viterbi Cicerone MacMillan Ronald L. Rivest Harvey V. Fineberg Davis L. Masten George Rowe, Jr. and Mary E. Wilson Charles H. McTier Stephen and Anne Ryan Rosette Society In recognition of members and friends of the NAS, IOM, and NRC who contributed between $5,000 and $9,999 in collective support for the National Academies in 2010. We acknowledge those contributions made as personal gifts or as gifts facilitated by the donor through a donor advised fund, matching gift program, or family foundation. Drew E. Altman Charles W. Duncan, Jr. Gerald and Doris Laubach Patrick Suppes William J. Baumol George and Maggie Eads John F. McDonnell Thomas C. Sutton C. Gordon Bell Sibyl R. Golden J. Michael McGinnis Gail L. Warden Malin Burnham Samuel F. Heffner, Jr. Ralph S. O'Connor Willis H. Ware Gail H. Cassell Amo Houghton Jeremiah P. Ostriker James F. and Carole S. James F. Crow Jill H. Kramer Sara Lee and Axel Schupf Young Leslie B. Daniels Charlotte V. Kuh and Roy Susan E. Siegel and Warren M. Zapol Charles R. Denham V. Radner Robert A. Reed Challenge Society In recognition of members and friends of the NAS, IOM, and NRC who contributed between $2,500 and $4,999 in collective support for the National Academies in 2010. We acknowledge those contributions made as personal gifts or as gifts facilitated by the donor through a donor advised fund, matching gift program, or family foundation. Anonymous Carol L. Corillon Richard Kadison Mary and Harvey Sadow Dyanne D. Affonso Ellis and Bettsy Cowling Thomas Kailath Larry J. Shapiro John R. Ball William H. Danforth John and Wilma Dale F. Stein E. Cabell Brand Emanuel Epstein Kassakian F. William Studier Purnell W. Choppin Delbert A. Fisher Sharon R. Long Clara J. Szekely James McConnell Clark James R. Gavin III James F. Mathis G. David Tilman Fred E. Cohen M. M. Green Ronald Nordgren Stanley N. Cohen John L. Hennessy Peter H. Raven * Recently Deceased 27

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Charter Society In recognition of members and friends of the NAS, IOM, and NRC who contributed between $1,000 and $2,499 in collective support for the National Academies in 2010. We acknowledge those contributions made as personal gifts or as gifts facilitated by the donor through a donor advised fund, matching gift program, or family foundation. Francois M. Abboud Igor B. Dawid Yuet Wai and Alvera Arthur D. Riggs Andreas Acrivos Carl de Boor Kan Emanuel P. Rivers Nancy E. Adler Catherine D. DeAngelis Sung W. Kim R.G. Hamish Robertson Clarence R. Allen Haile T. Debas David M. Kipnis Anatol Roshko Arthur K. Asbury Hans G. Dehmelt T. Kent Kirk Vinod K. Sahney Dennis A. Ausiello Susan Dentzer Tadamitsu Kishimoto Alan C. Sartorelli Clyde and Jeanette Roman W. DeSanctis Eric I. and Phyllis F. Randy Schekman Baker Sue K. Donaldson Knudsen William R. Schowalter John D. Baldeschwieler R. Gordon Douglas, Jr. Mary Anne Koda- Andrew M. Sessler Jack D. Barchas Kathleen A. Dracup Kimble Donna E. Shalala John G. Bartlett Richard H. Egdahl Stephen C. Charles J. Sherr Gordon Baym and W. G. Ernst Kowalczykowski Robert D. Sparks Cathrine Blom John R. Evans Edward A. Kravitz William N. Spellacy J. Claude Bennett Gary Felsenfeld Raju S. Kucherlapati Allan C. Spradling Paul Berg Samuel C. Florman James S. and Elinor G. William W. Stead Dennis M. Bier Hans and Verena Langer Joan A. Steitz Lutz Birnbaumer Frauenfelder Joel L. Lebowitz Thomas A. Steitz Barry R. Bloom Carl Frieden Ho-Wang Lee Rosemary A. Stevens Floyd E. Bloom Edward A. Frieman Anthony Leggett Lubert Stryer Felix Boehm Joseph G. Gall I. Robert Lehman Paul Talalay Enriqueta C. Bond Robert C. Gallo Alan I. Leshner Charlotte and Morry Stuart Bondurant Norman F. Gant Rodolfo R. Llinas Tanenbaum P. Borst Arthur Garson, Jr. Joseph C. Logue Anita and George Thompson Lewis M. Branscomb Rochel Gelman and Ruth Watson Lubic Hardy W. Trolander John I. Brauman Charles R. Gallistel R. Duncan Luce Karl K. Turekian William R. and Shirley David T. Gibson George D. Lundberg Michael S. Turner Brinkley Sid Gilman J. Ross and Margaret Ellen M. Urbanski William R. Brody David V. Goeddel Macdonald Cumrun Vafa Alan C. Brown Jeffrey Gore Margaret E. Mahoney George F. Vande Woude Donald D. Brown Antonio M. Gotto, Jr. Richard J. Mahoney Harold Varmus Harold and Colene Robert Graham Angela Barron McBride Martha Vaughan Brown Ronald L. Graham Frank B. McDonald Peter K. Vogt Federico Capasso Harry Barkus Gray Bruce S. McEwen Bailus Walker, Jr. David R. Challoner Ashley T. Haase Emmanuel Mignot and A. Eugene Washington Yu-Mei Y. Chao Caroline Breese Hall Servane Briand Harry H. Wasserman Maarten J. Chrispeels Jeffrey C. Hall Ronald D. Miller Robert H. Waterman David R. Clarke Jane E. Henney Arnold S. Milstein Johannes Weertman Ellen Wright Clayton Arthur L. Herbst James K. Mitchell Julia Weertman Jewel Plummer Cobb Takayoshi Higuchi James J. Mongan Myron and Linda Weisfeldt Graham A. Colditz Martha N. Hill Cherry A. Murray Myrna M. Weissman Barry and Bobbi Coller Robert L. Hill Robert M. Nerem Thomas E. Wellems and Esther M. Conwell Ada Sue Hinshaw Masayasu Nomura Marilyn I. Powell R. James Cook Brigid L. Hogan Gilbert S. Omenn Nancy S. Wexler Max D. Cooper Leroy E. Hood Suzanne Oparil Jean D. Wilson Dale R. Corson Sarah and Dan Hrdy Walter A. Orenstein Owen N. Witte Molly J. Coye Evelyn L. Hu June E. Osborn Jack K. Wolf Linda A. Cozzarelli William N. Hubbard, Jr. Larry E. Overman Tadataka Yamada Stephen H. Crandall A. James Hudspeth Herbert Pardes Ryuzo Yanagimachi Pedro M. Cuatrecasas Tony Hunter Shela and Kumar Patel Charles Yanofsky Barbara J. Culliton Richard and Fleur Thomas D. Pollar Tilahun D. Yilma Roy Curtiss III John Edward Porter Michael Zubkoff Hynes Martha A. Darling Anthony A. James Frank Press Philip D. Darney and Robert L. and Anne K. Mark A. Ratner Uta E. Landy James Howard Reiss 28

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Other Individual Donors In recognition of members and friends of the NAS, IOM, and NRC who contributed up to $999 in collective support for the National Academies in 2010. We acknowledge those contributions made as personal gifts or as gifts facilitated by the donor through a donor advised fund, matching gift program, or family foundation. Anonymous (10) Eugene A. Bauer Paula A. Braveman Wilsonia Cherry Suheil F. Abdulnur Bruce J. Baum Jeane Breinig John S. Chipman Herbert L. Abrams Howard and Alice Baum Rachel and Henry Brem Rita K. Chow Stephen L. Adler Stanley Baum Patricia F. Brennan Roehl M. Cinco Shizuo Akira Dale E. Bauman Norman E. Breslow George W. Clark Robert A. Alberty Zdenek P. Bazant Winslow R. Briggs Keith S. Clark Aixa Alfonso Peter Beak W. F. Brinkman Michael and Adriana Clegg Bobby R. Alford Arthur L. Beaudet Ralph L. Brinster John A. Clements Frances E. Allen John C. Beck Phil and Marilyn Brobst Linda Hawes Clever Paula G. Allen-Meares Lance B. Becker Daphne A. Brooks Albert M. Clogston Joel J. Alpert Jonathan Beckwith Frederick P. Brooks, Jr. Michael D. Coe Lawrence K. Altman Steven C. Beering Norman H. Brooks D. Walter Cohen Russ B. Altman Richard E. Behrman Dorothy Brooten Janet and Donn Cohen Edward and Joan Georges Belfort James H. Brown Marshall Cohen Anders Marlene Belfort Leonard L. Brown Sheldon Cohen Cissy and John Baruj Benacerraf Richard Brownback Stanley Cohen Anderson Leslie Z. Benet Gary Bryan R. John Collier Don L. Anderson Charles L. Bennett Robert L. Bryant Rita Colon-Urban Ron J. Anderson Joan Wennstrom A. David Buckingham Elizabeth F. Colson Theodore W. Anderson Bennett Philip H. Bucksbaum Jack H. and Rita R. Colwell Wyatt W. Anderson John A. Benson, Jr. Joseph Buckwalter Jack M. Colwill Nancy C. Andreasen Edward J. Benz, Jr. Kathleen Coen Robert E. Connick Kathleen Gainor Robert and Wendy Buckwalter Colleen Conway-Welch Andreoli Bergman Benjamin S. Bunney Douglas S. Coombs Nancy C. Andrews Bobbie A. Berkowitz William E. Bunney, Jr. Joel D. Cooper John C. Angus Nancy Berliner Douglas W. Burbank Leon N. Cooper Luc E. Anselin Kenneth I. Berns Maurice B. Burg Lawrence Corey Philip S. Anton Lionel M. Bernstein Ann W. Burgess Denis A. Cortese Elizabeth Armentrout Jerome A. Berson Bernard F. Burke Ernest D. Courant Edward M. Arnett Peter J. Bickel Jane and Don Burke Charles S. Cox Kenneth E. Arnold Eula Bingham Wylie Burke Gary Cox Ann M. Arvin John D. Birkmeyer Donald L. Burkholder David Cranford David A. Asch Linda S. Birnbaum Diane Burko Lester M. Crawford Karl Audenaede Michelle H. Biros Gerard N. Burrow Ralph Crawshaw K. Frank Austen Maureen Bisognano Anne and John Cahn F. Fleming Crim W. Gerald Austen Mina J. Bissell Eugenio Calabi Paul J. Crutzen Joan K. Austin Peter D. Blair Joseph A. Califano, Jr. Franklin R. Curcio Daniel L. Azarnoff Roger D. Blandford Michael L. Callaham Robert F. Curl Howard L. Bailit Dan G. Blazer Stephanie M. Camp James H. Curry Robert W. Balluffi Robert J. Blendon Allan Campbell Susan J. Curry Jeffrey R. Balser R. Don Blim William B. Carey Carola Czernik Rose and John Bannigan Clara D. Bloomfield Robert L. Carneiro Martin Czigler Jay and Sandra Baraff Barbara H. Bluestone Charles C.J. Carpenter James E. Dahlberg William A. Bardeen Baruch S. Blumberg* Page Carr Alexander Dalgarno Grigory I. Barenblatt Thomas F. Boat Benjamin S. Carson Brent and Sharon Dalrymple Clyde F. Barker Allan G. Bogue Mark L. Carter James E. Darnell Kathryn E. Barnard J. T. Bonner A. Welford Castleman William H. Daughaday Jeremiah A. and Linda Richard J. Bonnie Webster K. Cavenee David R. Davies H. Barondess Constance L. Cepko Christian de Duve Michael Bosko Michele Barry and Mark Martin Chalfie Francisco de la Cruz Michael R. Botchan Cullen Duane W. Champagne Mary B. De Sloover William H. Bowen William G. Barsan L. Thompson Bowles Leighton Chan Alan H. DeCherney Jacqueline K. Barton Allan M. Brandt Lincoln C. Chen Thomas DeFrantz James B. Theresa and Michael Michael E. Chernew Gordon H. DeFriese Bassingthwaighte Bratt Herman Chernoff Percy A. Deift * Recently Deceased 29

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Seymour J. and Gertrude Morris E. Fine Lewis R. Goldfrank James B. Hartle Deitchman Barbara J. Finlayson- Allen M. Goldman J. Woodland Hastings Patrick H. DeLeon Pitts Richard J. Goldstein Robert M. and Taissa S. Pierre Deligne Joseph J. Fins Jerry Gollub and Diane Hauser Mahlon R. DeLong Alfred G. Fischer Nissen Richard J. Havel David L. Denlinger Edmond H. Fischer Solomon W. Golomb John and Janice Hayes Patrick P. Dennis Michael E. Fisher Ward H. Goodenough Maxine Hayes Paul M. Densen Susan Fiske Leo A. Goodman Rosetta R. Haynes Charles H. DePuy Val L. Fitch Richard M. Goody William R. Hazzard David J. DeRosier Kent V. Flannery Enoch Gordis Ruby P. Hearn Peter B. Dervan Frances Fleischman Lev P. Gor'kov Jerris and Susan Hedges Stanley Deser Lee A. Fleisher Emil C. Gotschlich Robert W. Hellwarth Robert J. Desnick G. David Forney, Jr. Gary L. Gottlieb Maureen M. Henderson Don E. Detmer Daniel W. Foster Roy W. Gould Rebecca M. Henderson Luis A. Diaz Henry W. Foster, Jr. B. Rosemary Grant Ernest M. Henley Kay Dickersin T. Kenneth Fowler Peter R. Grant Jo Ann Hersh Allen J. Dietrich James G. Fox Bradford H. Gray Nathan Hershey William H. Dietz Marye Anne Fox David L. Gray Theodore M. Hesburgh Salvatore DiMauro John and Linda Francis Margie and Larry A. George P. Hess Jack E. Dixon Ellen Frank and David Green Howard H. Hiatt Roland Douce Kupfer Lazar J. Greenfield Eve Higginbotham and Frank Michael P. Doyle Joachim Frank Deborah Greenspan Williams Jeffrey M. Drazen Joseph F. Fraumeni, Jr. John Greenspan John G. Hildebrand Robert D. Drennan Philip and Katie Friedel Lorna Grenadier Lynda M. Hill Leonid and Lucy Fred S. Fry Diane E. Griffin Kurt Hirschhorn Dubinsky Dennis G. Fryback John W. Griffin Rochelle Hirschhorn Mitzi L. Duxbury Victor R. Fuchs Robert B. Griffiths John P. Hirth James L. Dye Elena Fuentes-Afflick Ellen R. Gritz Helen H. Hobbs Felton Earls and Maya Margaret T. Fuller Gerald N. Grob Robin and Carol Hochstrasser Carlson Douglas J. Futuyma Donald H. Groelsema Helmut Hofer Timothy Eberlein Steven G. Gabbe Charles G. Gross Joseph F. Hoffman Gert Ehrlich Fred H. Gage Ava and Neal Gross Frank Hole Lawrence H. Einhorn Mitchell H. Gail William* and Sharon Bertha G. Holliday David S. Eisenberg Mary K. Gaillard Gross William Holzemer Mickey S. Eisenberg E. John Gallagher Marilyn and Norman Thomas F. Hornbein Richard Eisenberg Vanessa Northington Grossblatt James S. House Robert and Ingrid Gamble Michael Grossman Peter M. Howley Eisenman Donald E. Ganem Melvin M. Grumbach Hedvig Hricak S. N. Eisenstadt* Elisabeth Gantt Fernando A. Guerra Angie Hu Neil J. Elgee Patricia A. Ganz Keith Guinn John P. Huchra* Omar G. Encarnacion Alan M. Garber Laurie M. Gunter Thomas J. R. Hughes S. Walter Englander Alexandra Garcia Walter Guralnick Rolf Huisgen Charles J. Epstein* Doris L. Garraway Bernard Guyer John R. Huizenga Robert M. Epstein Raymond Gavins Jane I. Guyer Barbara S. Hulka Ron and June Estabrook T. H. Geballe Kiley J. Guyton-Acosta Sandral Hullett Carroll L. Estes Kristine M. Gebbie Melissa Guzzetta Richard Hunter E. Harvey Estes, Jr. Neil Gehrels Imre and Nora Gyuk Peter Barton Hutt Caswell A. Evans, Jr. E. Peter Geiduschek Jim Haber Lisa I. Iezzoni William E. Evans Richard and Sarah Willy Haeberli and Thomas S. Inui Alex S. Evers Gelberman Gabriele Haberland Kimishige Ishizaka John H. Exton Martin Gellert Dana S. Hale Kurt J. Isselbacher Sandra M. Faber John P. Geyman Victoria G. Hale J. David Jackson Claire M. Fagin Andrea M. Ghez Robert N. Hall Zena Jacobi Stefan S. Fajans Gerhard Giebisch Zach W. Hall Arthur M. Jaffe Harold J. Fallon Irma Gigli E. A. Hammel Andre Jagendorf Robert M. Fano Barbara A. Gilchrest Bruce D. Hammock Richard Janeway Douglas T. Fearon David Ginsburg Philip C. Hanawalt David Japikse Elsa and George Feher Gary A. Glatzmaier Amir and Margit Hanna Alec J. Jeffreys Rashi Fein Seymour Glick Richard W. Hanson Veronika Jenke Donna M. Ferriero Alfred L. Goldberg Rachel E. Harding John D. Joannopoulos Stanley Fields Irving H. Goldberg Charlene A. Harrington Alan H. Jobe Alexei V. Filippenko Janice F. Goldblum Al and Peggy Harris Cage S. Johnson * Recently Deceased 30

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Timothy R. Johnson Conrad P. Kottak Eleanor E. Maccoby Thomas J. Meyer Wolfgang K. Joklik Sara Dunham Kraskin Susan E. Mackinnon Elliot M. Meyerowitz Charles Nelson Jones and Stephen G. Ruth Macklin Ronald E. Mickens Edward G. Jones Kraskin Albert Macovski Ricardo Miledi Kellie Jones Herbert Kroemer Lynette D. Madsen Edward D. Miller Ronald W. Jones Richard D. Krugman Anthony P. Mahowald Larry Miller Thomas H. and Patricia Kuhl Donald C. Malins Louis H. Miller Margaret S. Jordan Casimir A. Kulikowski Thomas F. and Rosalie John W. Milnor Michael M. Kaback Nathan Kuppermann Malone Mortimer Mishkin Fotis C. Kafatos Charles R. Kurkjian Gerald and Madeline Beverly S. Mitchell Wolfgang Kaiser Sydney Kustu Malovany Richard T. Miyamoto Frederick S. Kaplan John E. Kutzbach Floyd J. Malveaux Kiyoshi Mizuuchi David M. Karl William Labov Linda R. Manzanilla William C. Mobley Martin Karplus Bruce M. Lake Vincent T. Marchesi Paul L. Modrich Nancy Kass Arthur Landy Joyce Marcus William E. Moerner Jerome P. Kassirer Neal F. Lane Rudolph A. Marcus H. Keith Moffatt Michael B. Kastan Norma M. Lang Alexander R. Margulis James W. Mold Marc A. Kastner Joseph Larner James D. Marks Willow and Antonio Robert W. Kates Elaine and Steven Paul A. Marks Monterrosa Michael Katz Larson Robert R. Marshak Harold A. Mooney Samuel L. Katz and Joyce C. Lashof Barry and Adrienne C. Bradley and Penny Moore Catherine M. Wilfert Cato T. Laurencin Marshall Peter B. Moore Sidney Katz Judith R. Lave George M. Martin Cathleen S. Morawetz Emmett B. Keeler Lester B. Lave Paul C. Martin Jonathan D. Moreno Robert P. Kelch David M. Lawrence Ricardo Martinez M. Granger Morgan Edmond J. Keller Robert S. Lawrence Manuel Martinez- Michelle Morris Art Kellermann Wendy and Ted Maldonado Joan L. Morrison K. I. Kellermann Lawrence Yolanda Martinez-San Harold L. Moses Irwin Kempler Edward R. Laws, Jr. Miguel Marsha A. Moses James and Diana Peter D. Lax Teresita Martinez- Arno G. Motulsky Kennett Helen Lazorisak Vergne John H. Moxley III Nannerl O. Keohane David M. Lee Ida M. Martinson Sezaki K. Mtingwa Robert O. Keohane Virginia Man-Yee Lee Reynaldo Martorell Thomas A. Mueller Harry Kesten Yuan T. Lee Douglas S. Massey Michael W. Mulholland H. Gobind Khorana Susan E. Leeman Bettie Sue S. Masters Cynthia D. Mulrow Gurdev S. Khush Estella B. Leopold John C. Mather Walter H. Munk Edwin D. Kilbourne* Robert L. Letsinger Sandra H. Matthews Tom and Cheryl Munnecke Linda M. Kilroy Johanna Levelt Sengers Portia K. Maultsby Frederick A. Murphy Ivan R. King Howard Leventhal Claire E. Max Joseph E. Murray Lonnie J. King Simon A. Levin Phyllis M. May Jacob and Max Nadeau Patricia A. King Herbert S. Levinson -Machunda Milap C. Nahata Raynard S. Kington Lawrence S. Lewin Andrew McCall Eugene W. and Martha T. James L. Kinsey Roger J. Lewis Charles A. McCallum Nester Margaret G. Kivelson Elliott H. Lieb Pender M. McCarter Eric J. Nestler Todd R. Klaenhammer Gene E. Likens Roger O. McClellan Liz and Ben Neufeld Seymour J. Klebanoff Olga F. Linares Gwendolyn Y. Jo-Ann Neuhaus Herbert D. Kleber Dan L. Lindsley, Jr. McCormick Duncan Neuhauser Claude B. Klee Richard S. Lindzen Marie C. McCormick Tillman Neuner Miles V. Klein Jennifer Lippincott- Dusa McDuff Norman P. Neureiter Judith P. Klinman Schwartz James and Becky Maria I. New Genevieve Knezo Iris F. Litt McGaugh Joseph P. Newhouse Andrew H. Knoll Florence R. Lloyd Jason McGrady Pauline Nguyen Leon* and Joanne Julia Lobotsky Christopher F. McKee Roger A. Nicoll Knopoff Charles J. Lockwood Scott W. McKee John E. Niederhuber William S. Knowles Kathleen M. Lopez Marcia K. McNutt Nancy Nielsen Frederick M. Knox Laszlo Lorand Wendy McQuillan and Elena and Stuart Nightingale Peter O. Kohler Jane Lubchenco James Burry Chon Noriega Jun Kondo Louise M. Luckenbill James C. McWilliams Ryoji Noyori Eva Kondorosi Stephen Ludwig David Mechanic Wesley Nyborg David Korn Harold S. Luft Jane Menken Robert K. Ockner Hans Kornberg Joanne Lynn Richard A. Merrill Tomoko Ohta Bill and Ann Koros Richard H. Lyon Henry Metzger Charles R. O'Melia* * Recently Deceased 31

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Satoshi Omura Robert D. Reischauer Albert B. Schultz Margaret G. Stineman Gordon H. Orians Kenneth A. Ribet Gertrud M. Schupbach John D. Stobo Joseph P. Ornato Charles M. Rice III Charles R. Schuster* Walther Stoeckenius Douglas D. Osheroff Stuart A. Rice Peter Schuster Harriett Stonehill Mark Overmyer- Alexander Rich Richard Schwartz Gilbert Stork Velazque Cy and Pearl Richardson John H. Schwarz Robert Straus Lyman A. Page Charles C. Richardson Thomas L. Schwenk Albert J. Stunkard Peter Palese William C. Richardson Matthew P. Scott Brian J. Stutz Morton B. Panish Robert E. Ricklefs Ronald R. Sederoff Federico Subervi-Velez Arthur B. Pardee Lynn M. Riddiford Terrence J. Sejnowski Mervyn W. Susser Mary-Lou Pardue Barbara K. Rimer Carl and Connie Selin Norman Sutin Robert G. Parr David L. Rimoin Iris R. Shannon Lynn R. Sykes John A. Parrish Neil J. Risch Phillip A. Sharp Megan Sykes George W. Parshall John B. Robbins Aaron J. Shatkin Lawrence A. Tabak Barbara H. Partee Eugene Roberts Carla J. Shatz Herbert Tabor Sally G. Pasion James M. Roberts Sidney and Rebecca Masatoshi Takeichi Ira H. Pastan John D. Roberts Shaw Terence C. Tao Donald L. Patrick and Morton S. Roberts Michael L. Shelanski Nancy J. Tarbell Shirley Beresford Leslie E. Robertson and George F. Sheldon John T. and Carol P. Tate Desiree Pedescleaux Sawteen See Henry R. Shinefield Palmer W. Taylor Timothy A. Pedley Ignacio Rodriguez- Melvyn Shochet Susan S. Taylor Nicholas A. Peppas Iturbe Stephen M. Shortell Saul Teukolsky Kathy Perkins Barbara A. Romanowicz Edward H. Shortliffe Geoffrey Thomas David H. Perlmutter Mark L. Rosenberg Paul Sieving Elizabeth Thompson Marty Perreault Murray Rosenblatt Robert J. Silbey Gerald E. Thomson Edward B. Perrin David Rosner Samuel C. Silverstein David J. Thouless Herbert B. Peterson John Ross Richard L. Simmons William M. Tierney Gordon H. Pettengill Michael G. Rossmann David and Rachel Maury Tigner Lennart Philipson Esther and Lewis Simons Lewis G. Tilney Theodore L. Phillips Rowland Angela Sims Phillip V. Tobias Chester M. Pierce Janet D. Rowley Iakov G. Sinai Russell E. Train David and Suzy Pines William R. Roy Jeanne C. Sinkford Robert E. Tranquada Allan L. Pitcher Vera C. Rubin Robert L. Sinsheimer Greg Trautman Jeffrey L. Platt Abraham M. Rudolph David J. Skorton George Trilling Stanley A. Plotkin Erkki Ruoslahti Carolyn W. Slayman John Q. Trojanowski Daniel K. Podolsky Liane B. Russell Mary Slusser John C. Tully Mary Lake Polan Jeremy A. Sabloff William S. Sly James H. Tumlinson Stephen Polasky David H. Sachs Darrin Smith Laraine Turk Alejandro Portes Linda J. Saif Mary A. Smith Howard S. Turner Michael I. Posner Martin R. Saiz V. Kerry Smith William F. Underwood Leopold J. Pospisil Margarita Salas Robert R. Sokal Arthur C. Upton Deborah E. Powell Jolin Salazar-Kish Louis Sokoloff Seiya Uyeda William H. Press Bruce J. Sams David H. Solomon Araceli Valle Ronald F. Probstein Linda and Jeffrey Dee Southard John and Frederica Valois Stanley B. Prusiner Samuels Patricia G. Spear Jan H. van Bemmel Robert H. Purcell Myriam P. Sarachik Charles S. Spencer James L. Van Etten Joyce Purnell Jose Sarukhan Hortense J. Spillers K. E. van Holde Paul G. Quie John W. Saunders Ugis Sprudzs George Veronis Thomas C. Quinn Douglas J. Scalapino Franklin W. Stahl Selwyn M. Vickers Howard K. Rabinowitz Robert K. Schaefer and Peter J. Stang Dan-Virgil Voiculescu Paul H. Rabinowitz Deborah Ottinger Kurt C. Stange Peter and Josephine von Mitchell T. Rabkin Gottfried Schatz Charles Stanish Hippel Veerabhadran Thomas C. Schelling John R. Stanley Julius Wachtel Ramanathan John A. Schellman Zena A. Stein Walter J. Wadlington David and Amelia Joseph E. Scherger Daniel Steinberg Allan R. Wagner Ramer Gerold L. Schiebler Donald F. Steiner Edward H. Wagner Amelie G. Ramirez Richard Schoen Lawrence Steinman David B. Wake John G. Ramsay Vern L. Schramm Ralph M. Steinman Salih J. Wakil Judith L. Rapoport Alan Schriesheim Donald M. Steinwachs Larry Waldron E. Albert Reece Steven A. Schroeder G. Gayle Stephens Bruce D. Walker Lester J. Reed Gerald Schubert Judith S. Stern Anthony F. Wallace Philip N. Reeves Josephine Schuda Bruce W. Stillman Edward E. Wallach * Recently Deceased 32

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Christopher T. Walsh Irving L. Weissman Linda S. Wilson Peter E. Wright Kenneth E. Warner Michael J. Welch Ruby L. Wilson James B. Wyngaarden Rita C. Warpeha Zena Werb Elizabeth S. Wing Eli Yablonovitch Gerald J. Wasserburg Susan R. Wessler Phyllis M. Wise Yasuyuki Yamada Judith Wasserheit John B. West Evelyn Witkin Keith R. Yamamoto Michael S. Waterman Rolf Westgard Gerald N. Wogan Asa G. Yancey, Sr. George Watkins Raymond P. White, Jr. Barbara L. Wolfe Wayne M. Yokoyama Patty Jo Watson Jeffrey A. Whitsett Ralph S. Wolfe Jonathan Yorba Ewald R. Weibel Eric F. Wieschaus Richard V. Wolfenden Laurence R. Young Shelly Weinbaum Torsten N. Wiesel Lincoln Wolfenstein Longping Yuan Anna Weinberg Annelie Wilde Maurice Wood Maria E. Zavala Judith Weisenfeld George C. Williams* William B. Wood E-an Zen Arthur Weiss R. Sanders Williams H. Boyd Woodruff S. L. Zipursky Herbert Weissbach T. Franklin Williams Charles E. Woodward Bruno Zumino Ralph Weissleder Charles Wilson George M. Woodwell Tribute In Honor of Sandra Matthews Stuart Bondurant In Memory of Kate Mahaffey Harvey V. Fineberg and Mary E. Wilson Friends of the Westmoreland Congregational United Kenneth I. Shine Church of Christ Samuel O. Thier In Memory of Marshall Nirenberg In Honor of Arnold Milstein Myrna M. Weissman Molly J. Coye In Memory of Robert Waltemeyer In Memory of Cutty Grant Anonymous Ugis Sprudzs * Recently Deceased 33