Click for next page ( 107


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 106
APPENDIX B Biographical Sketches COMMITTEE MEMBERS JOSEPH G. GAVIN, Jr. ~ Chairman) Senior Management Consultant, Grumman Corporation JOSEPH GAVIN retired as President of Grumman Corporation in September 19%5 and Is presently a Senior Management Consultant with Grurr~an. He received B.S. and M.S. degrees in aeronautical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Mr. Gavin has participated in aerospace design, engineering, and technology research and development as chief experimental project engineer, chief missile and space engineer, vice president, president, and chief operating officer en c] director at Grumman during a 39- year career span. He was the vice president responsible for design, construction, and mission support of the Apollo Lunar Module. He concurrently served as chairman or member of various government and industry committees and boards. In 1971 Mr. Gavin received the Distinguished Public Service Medal from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, and a fellow of the American Astronomical Society and the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Prior to becoming a part-time consultant with Grumman Cor- poration -at the end of September 1985, while president and chief 106

OCR for page 106
APPENDIX B 107 operating officer there, he sponsored the preparation of proposals responding to requests for proposal from the Strategic Defense Ini- tiative Organization (SDIO). He did not administer, nor does he now relate to, any resulting contract. Grumman has several SD! contracts, relating to neutral-particle beam platforms, boost surveil- lance tracking systems, and space nuclear power. It is not among the top SDI contractors nationwide. Mr. Gavin is a member of the Executive Comrn~ttee of the MIT Corporation, and is on the admin- istrative policy board for MIT and MIT Lincoin Laboratory. MIT as an institution does not participate contractually in SDI research; several of its faculty members do. MIT Lincoln Laboratory is among the top SD! contractors nationwide. Mr. Gavin is an outside director of the Charles Stark Draper Laboratories, which specializes in pro- viding the U.S. government with research and prototypes in the field of inertial guidance and control mechanisms. TOMMY R. BURKES (Member) Visiting Professor of Electrical Engineering, Texas Tech University TOMMY BURKES is a Visiting Professor of Electrical Engineering at Texas Tech University, Director of Technical Programs in its Center for Advanced Research, and President of T. R. Burkes, Inc. He has B.S.E.E. and M.S.E.E. degrees from Texas Tech University and a Ph.D. degree from Texas A&M University. Dr. Burkes has held associate and assistant professorships at Texas Tech as well. The focus of his recent professional activity is in the areas of high- voTtage/puIse power electronics for driving lasers, electron beams, and microwave generators for radars and accelerators, as weD as research in high-voltage fast switching, energy storage, and other power system components. Dr. Burkes organized and chaired the First International Pulse Power Conference in 1976. He has served as session chairman at a variety of conferences, symposiums, and workshops, and ~ a member of various technical evaluation teams for the Air Force, Army, Navy, and Strategic Defense Initiative Organization. He belongs to numerous honor societies. Professor Burkes is an occasional consultant, about five days per year over the past two years, for the SDIO Power Program Office via W. J. Schafer Associates, Inc. This activity relates to technical review of existing contracts. In February 1988 he was appointed to a Defense Nuclear Agency (DNA) technical advisory group relating to the Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) program of SDIO. In 1986 he led a U.S. Air Force study effort regarding the

OCR for page 106
108 APPENDIX B applicability of the electrical utility power grid to powering ground- based lasers. Professor Burkes' department at Texas Tech University has two contracts with SDIO. He is not a principal investigator on either project. ROBERT E. ENGLISH (Member) Distinguished Research Associate and Consultant, NASA Lewis Research Center ROBERT ENGLISH is a Distinguished Research Associate and Con- sultant at NASA Lewis Research Center In the fields of space power generation and electric propulsion. He serves without compensation. He holds B.S. and M.S. degrees in mechanical engineering from the University of Minnesota. Mr. English joined the Lewis Research Center in 1944, where he performed research on turbojet engines, then on generating electricity in space using both solar and nuclear power. When NASA was formed in 1958, English's work on elec- tric propulsion for manned exploration of Mars formed the basis for the Lewis research program on space power and electric propulsion. On retiring in 1980, Mr. English was Deputy Director of Energy Programs, following a period as Chief of the Space Power Division. NASA awarded him its Exceptional Service Medal in 1975 and again in 1984. Mr. English has served on numerous committees and panels, notably for the Atomic Energy Commission, the Council on Environ- mental Quality, the National Institutes of Health, and the President's Office of Energy Policy and Commission on the Accident at Three Mile Island. NICHOLAS 3. GRANT (Member) Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology NICHOLAS GRANT is a Professor of Materiab Science and Engi- neering at MIT. He has a B.S. degree in materials science from the Carnegie Institute of Technology and an Sc.D. degree in metallurgy from MIT. Dr. Grant has held a number of academic positions in the field of metallurgy and materials science. He is the recipient of several awards and has led government-sponsored research projects and technical advisory committees. Fluent in Russian, Dr. Grant was chairman of the U.S. side of the U.S.-USSR science technology agree- ment on electrometallurgy and materials for the State Department

OCR for page 106
APPENDIX B 109 from 1977 to 1982. He is a member of seven national engineering and science scholastic honoraries, including the National Academy of Engineering, and has participated in many National Academy of Sciences/Nationa] Research Council study committees, including a 1983 study on space nuclear power. Professor Grant is not engaged in research relating to SDI. He has conducted numerous research projects sponsored by the U.S. De- partment of Energy (DOE); the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA); the U.S. Army, U.S. Navy, and U.S. Air Force; the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA); the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC); the Office of Naval Research (ONR); and private industry. That research emphasized high-temperature materials for turbines, jet engines, nuclear power systems, and high- temperature structures. Studies have included alloy design and de- velopment and manufacture, testing and evaluation over a wide range of coalitions. GERALD L. KULCINSKI (Member) Grainger Professor of Nuclear Engineering, University of Wisconsin GERALD KULCINSKI is the Grainger Professor of Nuclear En- gineering and Director of the Fusion Technology Institute at the University of Wisconsin. He received a B.S. degree in chemical en- gineering and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in nuclear engineering from the University of Wisconsin. He has held research positions at Los Alamos Scientific Laboratories and Battelle Northwest Laboratory involving nuclear rockets and radiation damage reactor materials. Dr. KuIcinski has served as a consultant to various industries and on many technical advisory committees. He is a member or fellow of several scientific societies. His current research activities are focused on magnetic and inertial confinement fusion. Professor KuIcinski is not currently performing any SDI-related research. From 1986 through October 1987 he participated in an Air Force assessment of the potential for using fusion power in space. He does energy-related research sponsored by DOE, USAF, and NASA; all of that work is related to terrestrial power. In November 1987 his department at the University of Wisconsin received a subcontract from Ebasco Corporation to engage in an SDIO study on SMES. Professor KuIcinski has not participated in that study.

OCR for page 106
110 APPENDIX B JEROME P. MULI.IN (Member) Vice President, Research, Advanced Technology Group, Sundstrand Corporation JEROME MULLIN is Vice President, Research, Advanced Technol- ogy Group, with the Sundstrand Corporation. He received a B.S. degree in physics from Spring Hill College, graduate training from the University of Maryland, and topical training from Princeton, Arizona State, and Catholic University. In addition, he was a 1973 Stanford Sloan Fellow. Mr. Mullin was previously with NASA as a program manager, systems program manager, and director of its Space Energy Systems Office. From 1963 to 1984 he directed NASA's space power research program. Among other honors, he receiver] the Exceptional Service Medal of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. At Sundstrand, Mr. Mullin is research director for the Advanced Technology Group in areas relevant to corporate products for aircraft and spacecraft subsystems. From 1963 to 1984, he directed NASA's space power research program, which overlapped areas of research covered in this study, such as SP-100, solar systems, thermal manage- ment, and power conditioning. Mr. Mullin is not personally engaged in his group's SDIO research. Sundstrand has participated as a subcontractor in a number of SDIO studies, including one of the Space Power Architecture System (SPAS) studies, the concept and requirements definition (CARDS) study for a neutral particle beam platform, and a megawatt-burst thermal management study. Sund- strand expects to be a subcontractor on multimegawatt advanced Rankine technology, and is presently a supporting participant in a Stirling engine proposal to NASA. Sundstrand has also been active in the development of organic Rankine cycle technology. Isotope-fueled versions of this technology are under study for the Boost Surveillance and Racking System (BSTS), and solar-powered versions have been evaluated for the Space Station. Sundstrand expects to pursue simi- lar activities in the future. The totality of SDIO-related activities of its Advanced Technology Group make up less than one percent of its total effort. K. LEE PEDDICORD (Member) Professor of Nuclear Engineering, Texas A&M University K. LEE PEDDICORD is a Professor of Nuclear Engineering at Texas A&M University and Assistant Director for Research at the Texas

OCR for page 106
APPENDIX B 111 Engineering Experiment Station. He received a B.S. degree in me- chanical engineering from the University of Notre Dame and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Illinois. Dr. Peddicord has been active in research and education in the field of nuclear engineering and nuclear fission. He has held positions at the Swiss Federal Institute for Reactor Research, Oregon State University, the EURATOM Joint Research Centre, and was formerly head of the Department of Nuclear Engineering at Texas A&M University. He is a member of several professional and educational societies, and an author or coauthor of over 100 scientific publications and reports. Professor Peddicorc] is a consultant to Los Alamos National Laboratory, including serving on a materials science review commit- tee for the SP-100 project office, and is engaged in or supervises other DO~sponsored research, including projects relating to mul- timegawatt nuclear fuel behavior. He has served on the Materials Science Review Com~ruttee for the SP-100 program. CAROLYN K. PURVIS (Member) Chief, Spacecraft Environment Office, NASA Lewis Research Center CAROLYN PURVIS is Chief of NASA Lewis Research Center's Spacecraft Environment Office, which conducts investigations to de- hne and evaluate interactions between space systems and orbital environments. She holds a B.A. degree in physics from Cornell Uni- versity, an M.S. degree in physics from the university of Washing- ton, and a Ph.D. degree in theoretical solid-state physics from Case Western Reserve University. Dr. Purvis is a member of the Amer- ican Geophysical Union and the American Physical Society, and is an Associate Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. She is the author or coauthor of over 35 technical publications and reports. Dr. Purvis manages an investigation to define and develop ana- lytical tools to evaluate space environment effects on SDIO systems. This work comprises both in-house activity and the management of outside study grants and contracts. She is a member of an indepen- dent DNA review committee for the SDI Space Plasma Experiments Aboard Rockets (SPEAR) program. The Spacecraft Environment Office is also conducting some environment compatibility studies in support of the NASA/SDIO SP-100 Advanced Development Pro- gram. That activity is managed by another NASA Lewis group.

OCR for page 106
112 APPENDIX B WALTER J. SARJEANT (Member) Director of the Power and Power Conditioning Institute and Professor of Electrical Engineering, State University of New York at Buffalo WALTER SARJEANT ~ Director of the Space Power and Power Conditioning Institute and the James Clerk Maxwell Professor of Electrical Engineering at the State University of New York at Buf- falo. He received BSc., MSc., and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Western Ontario in the field of electric discharge lasers. He has been a member of or directed various research, design, and develop- ment groups within national laboratories and industry in the areas of pulse power components and impulse measurement systems. At I`os Alamos National Laboratory he was responsible for advanced devel- opment of pulse power components and systems, including energy storage devices, switches, and high-power modulators. Dr. Sarje ant has led government-sponsored research projects and technical advi- sory committees in the field of power and power conditioning. He is a senior member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers and is a member of the New York Academy of Sciences. Professor Sarjeant is doing research on an SDIO contract via DNA on insulation for space power applications. He is chairman of an independent DNA review committee for the SDI SPEAR program. Through W. J. Schafer Associates, Inc., Dr. Sarjeant serves as a technical adviser to DNA on the advanced simulator program and on DNA-managed SDIO power programs. He is a consultant to the Los Alamos National Laboratory and to Sandia National Laboratories in the fields of power, lasers, and accelerators. J. PACE VANDEVENDER (Member) Director, Pulsed Power Sciences, Sandia National Laboratories PACE VANDEVENDER is Director of Pulsed Power Sciences at Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico. He has a B.A. degree in physics from Vanderbilt University, an M.A. degree in physics from Dartmouth College, and a Ph.D. degree in physics from the Imperial College of Science & Technology, University of London, England. He has managed or supervised pulsed power or fusion research projects at Sandia since 1974. His present work cov- ers pulsed power R&D, inertial confinement fusion, nuclear weapons effects simulation, and kinetic and directed-energy-weapon R&D for

OCR for page 106
APPENDIX B 113 tactical applications and for the SDI. He serves on several advisory committees at Sandia National Laboratories, Los Alamos National Laboratory, and the SDIO. Dr. VanDevender has received various academic honors, and in 1984 was named one of "100 Most Promising Scientists Under 40" by Science Digest. Dr. VanDevender has served on advisory panels to SDIO in the area of directed energy. Personnel in his directorate have managed projects and conducted in-house work on power conditioning for the SDIO Power Program Office. Directorate personnel also work on electron beam technology, lasers, and electromagnetic launchers for other programs within SDIO. Altogether, SDIO provides approxi- mately 15 percent of the funding in his organization. ENERGY ENGINEERING BOARD LIAISON S. WILLIAM GOUSE (Energy Engineering Board Liaison) Senior Vice President and General Manager, Civil Systems Division, MITRE Corporation WILLIAM GOUSE is Senior Vice President and General Manager of the Civil Systems Division of the MITRE Corporation in McLean, Virginia. He holds B.S., M.S., and Sc.D. degrees in mechanical en- gineering from MIT. Dr. Gouse has held academic positions at MIT and Carnegie-Mellon University. He served as Technical Assistant for Civilian Technology in the Office of Science and Technology, Ex- ecutive Office of the President; Science Advisor to the Secretary of Interior; Director of the Office of Coal Research; and Deputy Assistant Administrator for Fossil Energy in the Energy Research and Development Administration. Dr. Gouse is a member of many scientific and educational societies, has served as a consultant to industry, and has participated on various National Academy of Sci- ences/National Research Council study committees. He is a member of the Energy Engineering Board. Dr. Gouse is not personally engaged in SDI-related research. His organization, the Civil Systems Division of The MITRE Corporation, is also not engaged in SDI work. The C3 Air Force Group of The MITRE Corporation in Bedford, Massachusetts, conducts some work in support of SDI, amounting to about 5 percent of its activity.

OCR for page 106
114 TECHNICAL ADVISOR Z. J. JOHN STEKLY Vice President, Advanced Programs, Intermagnetics General Corporation APPENDIX B JOHN STEKLY is Vice President, Advanced Programs, of Inter- magnetics General Corporation. He stucliec] electrical and mechan- ical engineering at MIT, where he received B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees. Dr. Stekly has held management and research positions at various corporations in the field of applied superconductivity, and in areas relating to utility, military, and medical applications. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, and has served on National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council com- mittees on magnetic fusion, electrical energy, and materials for the Army. Intermagnetics General Corporation, a small business, is a major developer and manufacturer of superconducting materiab, supercon- ducting and permanent magnets, and cryogenic systems. The com- pany has several SDI-funded development contracts or subcontracts in conductors, permanent magnets, refrigeration, and superconduc- tivity applications. Dr. Stekly periodically consults on these efforts. STUDY DIRECTOR ROBERT COHEN Senior Program Officer, Energy Engineering Board, National Academy of Sciences ROBERT COHEN is a Senior Program Officer at the Energy Engi- neering Board, National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences. He has a B.S. degree in chemistry from Wayne State Uni- versity, an M.S. degree in physics from the University of Michigan, and a Ph.D. degree in electrical engineering from Cornell University. Dr. Cohen's first career was research on remote sensing of plasma phenomena in the ionosphere, utilizing radio and radar techniques, in Colorado and South America for the National Bureau of Standards and later the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. In 1973 he initiated the federal ocean energy R&D program. He is a member of the IEEE Energy Committee.