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Appendix E Mainline Airlines Departures by City This appendix presents the committee’s analysis of changes in the number of aircraft departures discussed in Chapter 2 for mainline airlines. Figures E-1 through E-24, ordered alphabetically by airline, show total departures by airport code (refer to Table E-1 for corresponding cities) and by airline, in the cities most frequently served by that airline and thus in the cities most likely to serve as domiciles for pilots. The data used for this analysis were scheduled aircraft departures taken from Air Carrier Summary: T3: U.S. Air Carrier Airport Activity Statistics provided by the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (n.d.-a) of the U.S. Department of Transportation. The data were from the third quarter of 2000, 2005, and 2010. All carriers that reported more than 20,000 aircraft departures in the third quarter of 2010 were examined. This group consisted of 12 mainline airlines. Two of the airlines were all-cargo airlines, FedEx and UPS, and the rest were passenger airlines. 165

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166 THE EFFECTS OF COMMUTING ON PILOT FATIGUE 25,000 20,000 15,000 2000 10,000 2005 2010 5,000 0 ATL MCO MDW TPA PHL FLL IAD GPT DFW HOU BWI BOS LGA CAK MKE IND RSW FIGURE E-1 Air Tran departures by city. SOURCE: Data from Bureau of Transportation Statistics (n.d.-a). Figure E-1.eps bitmap, labels redrawn 80,000 70,000 60,000 50,000 40,000 30,000 20,000 10,000 0 2000 2005 2010 Year FIGURE E-2 Air Tran total departures. SOURCE: Data from Bureau of Transportation Statistics (n.d.-a). Figure E-2.eps bitmap, labels redrawn

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167 APPENDIX E 14,000 12,000 10,000 8,000 2000 6,000 2005 2010 4,000 2,000 0 SEA ANC PDX LAX SFO JNU OAK FAI SJC SNA SAN LAS FIGURE E-3 Alaska departures by city. SOURCE: Data from Bureau of Transportation Statistics (n.d.-a). Figure E-3.eps bitmap, labels redrawn 44,000 42,000 40,000 38,000 36,000 34,000 32,000 2000 2005 2010 Year FIGURE E-4 Alaska total departures. SOURCE: Data from Bureau of Transportation Statistics (n.d.-a). Figure E-4.eps bitmap, labels redrawn

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168 THE EFFECTS OF COMMUTING ON PILOT FATIGUE 60,000 50,000 40,000 2000 30,000 2005 20,000 2010 10,000 0 DFW STL ORD MIA LAX JFK LGA SJC SJU BOS SFO DCA FIGURE E-5 American departures by city. SOURCE: Data from Bureau of Transportation Statistics (n.d.-a). Figure E-5.eps bitmap, labels redrawn 300,000 250,000 200,000 150,000 100,000 50,000 0 2000 2005 2010 Year FIGURE E-6 American total departures. SOURCE: Data from Bureau of Transportation Statistics (n.d.-a). Figure E-6.eps bitmap, labels redrawn

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169 APPENDIX E 35,000 30,000 25,000 20,000 2000 15,000 2005 10,000 2010 5,000 0 R O FW D S A EN O A LE X S L H EW BO C R C SE AT LA LA SF IA C D O M D D FIGURE E-7 Continental departures by city. SOURCE: Data from Bureau of Transportation Statistics (n.d.-a). Figure E-7.eps bitmap, labels redrawn 120,000 100,000 80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000 0 2000 2005 2010 Year FIGURE E-8 Continental total departures. SOURCE: Data from Bureau of Transportation Statistics (n.d.-a). Figure E-8.eps bitmap, labels redrawn

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170 THE EFFECTS OF COMMUTING ON PILOT FATIGUE 70,000 60,000 50,000 40,000 2000 30,000 2005 20,000 2010 10,000 0 L TW SP VG C FW EM O A S K X AT LG BO JF LA SL C M C M M D D FIGURE E-9 Delta departures by city. SOURCE: Data from Bureau of Transportation Statistics (n.d.-a). Figure E-9.eps bitmap, labels redrawn 400,000 350,000 300,000 250,000 200,000 150,000 100,000 50,000 0 2000 2005 2010 Year FIGURE E-10 Delta total departures. SOURCE: Data from Bureau of Transportation Statistics (n.d.-a). Figure E-10.eps bitmap, labels redrawn

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171 APPENDIX E 18,000 16,000 14,000 12,000 10,000 2000 8,000 2005 6,000 2010 4,000 2,000 0 MEM IND EWR OAK LAX AFW ONT PDX ANC ORD SLC FIGURE E-11 FedEx departures by city. SOURCE: Data from Bureau of Transportation Statistics (n.d.-a). Figure E-11.eps bitmap, labels redrawn 76,000 74,000 72,000 70,000 68,000 66,000 64,000 62,000 2000 2005 2010 Year FIGURE E-12 FedEx total departures. SOURCE: Data from Bureau of Transportation Statistics (n.d.-a). Figure E-12.eps bitmap, labels redrawn

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172 THE EFFECTS OF COMMUTING ON PILOT FATIGUE 12,000 10,000 8,000 2000 6,000 2005 4,000 2010 2,000 0 EN Q FW S A O X X A C I N X KE DW C LA M PH LA SE PD SL SA AB SF M M D O D M FIGURE E-13 Frontier departures by city. SOURCE: Data from Bureau of Transportation Statistics (n.d.-a). Figure E-13.eps bitmap, labels redrawn 25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000 5,000 0 2000 2005 2010 Year FIGURE E-14 Frontier total departures. SOURCE: Data from Bureau of Transportation Statistics (n.d.-a). Figure E-14.eps bitmap, labels redrawn

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173 APPENDIX E 16,000 14,000 12,000 10,000 2000 8,000 2005 6,000 2010 4,000 2,000 0 JFK BUF FLL MCO TPA ROC ONT OAK BTV LGB BOS IAD LAS LGA SJU HPN PBI FIGURE E-15 JetBlue departures by city. SOURCE: Data from Bureau of Transportation Statistics (n.d.-a). Figure E-15.eps bitmap, labels redrawn 60,000 50,000 40,000 30,000 20,000 10,000 0 2000 2005 2010 Year FIGURE E-16 JetBlue total departures. SOURCE: Data from Bureau of Transportation Statistics (n.d.-a). Figure E-16.eps bitmap, labels redrawn

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174 THE EFFECTS OF COMMUTING ON PILOT FATIGUE 25,000 20,000 15,000 2000 10,000 2005 2010 5,000 0 X S U L X DW AK I A L N O EN BW DA ST PH LA LA BN O SA C O D H M M FIGURE E-17 Southwest departures by city. SOURCE: Data from Bureau of Transportation Statistics (n.d.-a). Figure E-17.eps bitmap, labels redrawn 350,000 300,000 250,000 200,000 150,000 100,000 50,000 0 2000 2005 2010 Year FIGURE E-18 Southwest total departures. SOURCE: Data from Bureau of Transportation Statistics (n.d.-a). Figure E-18.eps bitmap, labels redrawn

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175 APPENDIX E 45,000 40,000 35,000 30,000 25,000 2000 20,000 2005 15,000 2010 10,000 5,000 0 ORD DEN SFO LAX IAD SEA BOS LAS PHX SAN PDX LGA FIGURE E-19 United departures by city. SOURCE: Data from Bureau of Transportation Statistics (n.d.-a). Figure E-21.eps, now used as E-19 bitmap, labels redrawn 250,000 200,000 150,000 100,000 50,000 0 2000 2005 2010 Year FIGURE E-20 United total departures. SOURCE: Data from Bureau of Transportation Statistics (n.d.-a). Figure E-22.eps, now used as E-20 bitmap, labels redrawn

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176 THE EFFECTS OF COMMUTING ON PILOT FATIGUE 9,000 8,000 7,000 6,000 5,000 2000 4,000 2005 3,000 2010 2,000 1,000 0 MIA ANC PHL SDF SAT EFD AUS LAX BFI FSD ONT RFD DFW CAE EWR DSM BDL FIGURE E-21 UPS departures by city. SOURCE: Data from Bureau of Transportation Statistics (n.d.-a). Figure E-19.eps (now used at E-21) bitmap, labels redrawn 30,000 25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000 5,000 0 2000 2005 2010 Year FIGURE E-22 UPS total departures. SOURCE: Data from Bureau of Transportation Statistics (n.d.-a). Figure E-20.eps, now used at E-22 bitmap, labels redrawn

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177 APPENDIX E 35,000 30,000 25,000 20,000 2000 15,000 2005 10,000 2010 5,000 0 LT T L X A S A S I O X L FW D BW PH FL PI PH C BO LG LA LA R C C D O M D FIGURE E-23 US Airways departures by city. SOURCE: Data from Bureau of Transportation Statistics (n.d.-a). Figure E-23.eps bitmap, labels redrawn 300,000 250,000 200,000 150,000 100,000 50,000 0 2000 2005 2010 Year FIGURE E-24 US Airways total departures. SOURCE: Data from Bureau of Transportation Statistics (n.d.-a). Figure E-24.eps bitmap, labels redrawn

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178 THE EFFECTS OF COMMUTING ON PILOT FATIGUE TABLE E-1 Airport Codes for Airline Departure Analysis Codes Airport City State ABE Lehigh Valley International Allentown PA ABQ Albuquerque International Albuquerque NM ABR Municipal Aberdeen SD ACK Nantucket Memorial Nantucket MA AFW Fort Worth Alliance Fort Worth TX ALS Municipal Alamosa CO ANC Ted Stevens Anchorage International Anchorage AK ASE Aspen Aspen CO ATL Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Atlanta GA ATW Outagamie County Appleton WI AUS Austin-Bergstrom International Austin TX AVL Asheville Regional Fletcher NC AZO Kalamazoo/Battle Creek International Kalamazoo MI BDL Bradley International Windsor Locks CT BFI Boeing Field/King County International Seattle WA BHM Birmingham Birmingham AL BIL Billings Billings MT BJI Bemidji Bemidji MN BNA Nashville International Nashville TN BOI Boise Air Terminal/Gowen Field Boise ID BOS Logan International Boston MA BRD Brainerd Lakes Regional Brainerd MN BTR Ryan Baton Rouge LA BTV Burlington International Burlington VT BUF Buffalo Niagara International Buffalo NY BWI Baltimore/Washington International Baltimore MD Thurgood Marshall CAE Metropolitan Columbia SC CAK Akron/Canton Regional Akron/Canton OH CHA Lovell Field Chattanooga TN CHO Albemarle Charlottesville VA CHS Charleston International Charleston SC CLE Hopkins International Cleveland OH CLT Charlotte Douglas Charlotte NC CMH Port Columbus International Columbus OH COS Colorado Springs Colorado Springs CO CRP Corpus Christi International Corpus Christi TX CRW Yeager Charleston WV

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179 APPENDIX E TABLE E-1 Continued Codes Airport City State CVG Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky Covington KY CWA Central Wisconsin Wausau WI DAL Love Field Dallas TX DAY James Cox Dayton International Dayton OH DCA Ronald Reagan Washington National Washington DC DDC Dodge City Municipal Dodge City KS DEN Denver International Denver CO DFW Dallas/Fort Worth International Dallas TX DIK Dickinson Dickinson ND DSM Des Moines International Des Moines IA DTW Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Detroit MI EFD Ellington Field Houston TX EUG Eugene Eugene OR EWB New Bedford New Bedford CT EWR Newark Liberty International Newark NJ FAI Fairbanks International Fairbanks AK FAT Fresno Air Terminal Fresno CA FLL Fort Lauderdale/Hollywood International Fort Lauderdale FL FMN Municipal Farmington NM FSD Joe Foss Field Sioux Falls SD GCC Campbell County Gillette WY GEG Spokane International Spokane WA GJT Walker Field Grand Junction CO GNV Gainesville Regional Gainesville FL GPT Gulfport-Biloxi International Gulfport MS GRR Gerald R. Ford International Grand Rapids MI GSO Piedmont Triad International Greensboro NC GSP Greenville-Spartanburg International Greenville-Spartanburg SC GTR Golden Triangle Regional Columbus OH HHH Hilton Head Hilton Head SC HOU William P. Hobby Houston TX HPN Westchester County White Plains NY HSV Huntsville International-Carl T. Jones Huntsville AL Field HYA Barnstable Hyannis MA IAD Washington Dulles International Washington DC IAH George Bush Intercontinental Houston TX continued

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180 THE EFFECTS OF COMMUTING ON PILOT FATIGUE TABLE E-1 Continued Codes Airport City State IND Indianapolis International Indianapolis IN ITH Tompkins County Ithaca NY JAX Jacksonville Jacksonville FL JFK John F Kennedy International New York NY JNU Boundary Bay Juneau AK LAR General Brees Field Laramie WY LAS McCarran International Las Vegas NV LAX Los Angeles International Los Angeles CA LBL Municipal Liberal KS LGA LaGuardia New York NY LGB Long Beach Municipal Long Beach CA LIH Lihue Kauai Island HI LNK Lincoln Lincoln NE LWS Nez Perce County Regional Lewiston ID MBS MBS International Saginaw MI MCI Kansas City International Kansas City KS MCO Orlando International Orlando FL MDT Harrisburg International Harrisburg PA MDW Midway Chicago IL MEM Memphis International Memphis TN MFR Rogue Valley International-Medford Medford OR MGM Dannelly Field Montgomery AL MHT Manchester-Boston Regional Manchester NH MIA Miami International Miami FL MKE General Mitchell International Milwaukee WI MLI Quad-City Moline IL MSN Dane County Regional Madison WI MSP Minneapolis-St. Paul International Minneapolis MN MVY Martha’s Vineyard Vineyard Haven MA MYR Myrtle Beach International Myrtle Beach SC OAK Oakland International Oakland CA OGG Kahului Maui HI OKC Will Rogers World Oklahoma City OK OMA Eppley Airfield Omaha NE ONT Ontario International Ontario CA ORD Chicago O’Hare International Chicago IL

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181 APPENDIX E TABLE E-1 Continued Codes Airport City State ORF Norfolk International Norfolk VA PBI Palm Beach International West Palm Beach FL PDX Portland International Portland OR PFN Bay County Panama City FL PHL Philadelphia International Philadelphia PA PHX Sky Harbor International Phoenix AZ PIT Pittsburgh International Pittsburgh PA PLN Emmet County Pellston MI PRC Prescott Prescott AZ PSC Tri-Cities Pasco WA PVC Provincetown Provincetown MA PVD T.F. Green Providence RI PWM International Jetport Portland ME RAP Regional Rapid City SD RDM Roberts Field Redmond OR RDU Raleigh-Durham International Raleigh-Durham NC RFD Greater Rockford Rockford IL RIC Richmond International Richmond VA RKD Knox County Regional Rockland ME RKS Sweetwater County Rock Springs WY RNO Reno-Tahoe International Reno NV ROA Roanoke Regional Roanoke VA ROC Greater Rochester International Rochester NY RSW Southwest Florida International Fort Myers FL SAN San Diego International San Diego CA SAT San Antonio International San Antonio TX SBA Municipal Santa Barbara CA SBN South Bend Regional South Bend IN SBY Wicomico Regional Salisbury-Ocean City MD SCE University Park State College PA SDF Louisville International (Standiford Field) Louisville KY SEA Seattle-Tacoma International Seattle WA SFO San Francisco International San Francisco CA SHR Sheridan Sheridan WY SHV Regional Shreveport LA SJC Mineta San Jose International San Jose CA continued

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182 THE EFFECTS OF COMMUTING ON PILOT FATIGUE TABLE E-1 Continued Codes Airport City State SJU Luis Munoz Marin International San Juan PR SLC Salt Lake City International Salt Lake City UT SMF Sacramento International Sacramento CA SNA John Wayne Santa Ana CA STL Lambert-St. Louis International St Louis MO STT Cyril E. King Charlotte Amalie, St. VI Thomas STX Henry E. Rohlsen Christiansted, St Croix VI SYR Syracuse Hancock International Syracuse NY TEX Telluride Regional Telluride CO TLH Tallahassee Regional Tallahassee FL TPA Tampa International Tampa FL TUL Tulsa International Tulsa OK TUS Tucson International Tucson AZ TYS McGhee Tyson Knoxville TN VPS Eglin AFB Valparaiso FL XNA Northwest Arkansas Regional Fayetteville AR YKM Yakima Air Terminal Yakima WA