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Appendix G Biographical Sketches of Committee Members and Staff Clinton V. Oster, Jr. (Chair) is a professor at the School of Public and En- vironmental Affairs at Indiana University. Previously, he served as director of the Transportation Research Center and as associate dean at the School of Public and Environmental Affairs at Indiana University. His research focuses on air traffic management and aviation infrastructure, with an em- phasis on aviation safety. His research also includes airline economics, air- line competition policy, and energy policy. He has been a consultant to the U.S. Department of Transportation, the Federal Aviation Administration, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, state and local governments, and private-sector companies in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Russia, and Australia. He is a member of the National Aviation Advisory Group of the U.S. Government Accountability Office, and he has been an expert witness for the Environment and Natural Resource Division and the Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice. He received a B.S.E. in chemical engineering from Princeton University, an M.S. in urban and public affairs from Carnegie Mellon University, and a Ph.D. in econom- ics from Harvard University. Benjamin A. Berman is a senior research associate in the Human Systems Integration Division at the NASA Ames Research Center (affiliated through San Jose State University), and he is a pilot for a major U.S. air carrier with 9,000 hours of flight experience. Before returning to professional flying in 2001, he was on the staff of the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB), where he served as the chief of the Major Investigations Division 203

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204 THE EFFECTS OF COMMUTING ON PILOT FATIGUE and led the Operational Factors Division (responsible for flight opera- tions, air traffic control, and meteorology investigations). At NTSB, he also served as the flight operations investigator for major cases, including the USAir B-737 accident in Pittsburgh and the ValuJet DC-9 accident in the Everglades, and he managed flight crew human factors research projects. He holds an airline transport pilot certificate with type ratings for the Boe- ing 777, Boeing 737, Embraer 120, and Dornier 228. He received an A.B. summa cum laude in economics from Harvard College. J. Lynn Caldwell is a senior research psychologist for the U.S. Air Force Re- search Laboratory, currently stationed at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Ohio. Previously, she was with the U.S. Army’s Aeromedical Research Laboratory, where she conducted numerous simulator and in-flight in- vestigations on fatigue countermeasures and circadian rhythms in rated military pilots. She has also been a member of the Warfighter Fatigue Countermeasures Program and a distinguished visiting scholar at the U.S. Air Force Academy. She has served as a fatigue consultant for vari- ous U.S. Air Force commands and other military and civilian groups. She frequently provides fatigue management workshops, safety brief- ings, and training courses to aviation personnel, flight surgeons, com- manders, and safety officers. She is certified as a sleep specialist by the American Board of Sleep Medicine. She received a Ph.D. in experimental psychology from the University of Southern Mississippi. David F. Dinges is a professor and chief of the Division of Sleep and Chro- nobiology and director of the Unit for Experimental Psychiatry in the De- partment of Psychiatry and associate director of the Center for Sleep and Circadian Neurobiology at the Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania. He also leads the neurobehavioral and psychosocial factors team for the National Space Biomedical Research Institute. His research focuses on the physiological, neurobehavioral, and cognitive effects of sleep loss, disturbances of circadian biology, and stress, and the implications of these unmitigated effects on health and safety. He has been president of the U.S. Sleep Research Society and of the World Federation of Sleep Research and Sleep Medicine Societies, and he has served on the board of directors of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and the National Sleep Founda- tion. He is currently editor-in-chief of Sleep. His awards include the 2004 Decade of Behavior Research Award from the American Psychological Association and the 2007 NASA Distinguished Public Service Medal. He has an A.B. in psychology from Saint Benedict’s College, an M.S. in physi- ological psychology from Saint Louis University, an honorary M.A. from the University of Pennsylvania, and a Ph.D. in physiological psychology from Saint Louis University.

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205 APPENDIX G R. Curtis Graeber is the president of The Graeber Group, Ltd. Previously, he served as the chief engineer for human factors and director of regional safety programs at Boeing Commercial Airplanes and in other several management positions in research, airplane design, and safety. He also led Boeing’s efforts to improve regional safety, including industry development and implementation of the global aviation safety roadmap. Before joining Boeing, he led the flight crew fatigue research program at NASA’s Ames Re- search Center and served as chief of flight human factors. He also served as the human factors specialist for the Presidential Commission on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident. He is a fellow of the Royal Aeronautical Soci- ety and the Aerospace Medical Association. He has chaired working groups for the Federal Aviation Administration, the Flight Safety Foundation, and the International Civil Aviation Organization. His safety-related awards in- clude the Guild of Air Pilots and Air Navigators’ Cumberbatch Trophy and the Aerospace Medical Association’s Boothby-Edwards Award. He serves as chair of Air New Zealand’s Independent Alertness Advisory Panel, and he is a member of the board of directors of the National Sleep Foundation. He received a Ph.D. in neuropsychology from the University of Virginia. David E. Meyer is a faculty member of the Cognition and Cognitive Neu- roscience Program in the Department of Psychology at the University of Michigan. Previously, he worked in the Human Information Processing Research Department at Bell Telephone Laboratories. His teaching and his research have dealt with fundamental aspects of human perception, attention, learning, memory, language, movement production, reaction time, multitasking, executive mental control, human-computer interaction, personality and cognitive style, cognitive aging, cognitive neuroscience, mathematical models, and computational models. He is a fellow in the Society of Experimental Psychologists, the American Psychological Society, the American Psychological Association, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. The American Psychological Association has honored him with its Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He received a Ph.D. from the University of Michigan. Mary Ellen O’Connell (Senior Staff Officer) is deputy director for the Board on Human-Systems Integration and the Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences at the National Research Council (NRC). At the NRC, she has served as study director for five major consensus studies: on prevention of mental disorders and substance abuse, international educa- tion and foreign languages, ethical considerations for research on housing- related health hazards involving children, reducing underage drinking, and assessing and improving children’s health. She also organized workshops

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206 THE EFFECTS OF COMMUTING ON PILOT FATIGUE on welfare reform and children and gun violence. Previously, she held various positions at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), including serving as director of state and local initiatives in the Of- fice of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation. Her previous positions also include work on homeless policy and program design at the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and as director of field services for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. She has a B.A. with distinction from Cornell University and an M.A. in the management of hu- man services from the Heller School for Social Policy and Management at Brandeis University. Matthew Rizzo is professor of neurology, engineering, and public policy at the University of Iowa. At the university, he is also vice chair for clinical/ translational research and director of the division of neuroergonomics, its visual function laboratory, and its instrumented vehicles in the Department of Neurology, as well as director of the University Aging Mind and Brain Initiative. His clinical interests and activities include behavioral neurology, cognitive neuroscience, and memory disorders. His research interests in- clude behavioral disturbances resulting from central nervous system injury, neural substrates of human vision (including attention and visuomotor control), aging and dementia, driving performance, and driving simula- tion. He has conducted research on fatigue and truckers for the National Institutes of Health and the Iowa Department of Transportation. He is a member of the American Academy of Neurology, the American Neurologi- cal Association, the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, the Society for Neuroscience, and the Vision Sciences Society. He has an M.D. from Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. David J. Schroeder is a private consultant. Previously, he was a manager of the Aerospace Human Factors Research Division at the Civil Aero Medi- cal Institute of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), where he also served as supervisor of clinical psychology research and as the long-time administrator of the FAA’s Employee Attitude Survey. His research is docu- mented in over 40 Office of Aviation Medicine (OAM) technical reports and in more than 125 presentations in a range of areas, including disori- entation, job attitudes, stress, age, shiftwork and fatigue, and color vision. He assisted with the psychological screening of federal air marshals during their post-9/11 hiring increase. He was the Office of Aviation Medicine Manager of the Year in 2005 and led his division to become the OAM Of- fice of the Year in 1999 and 2005. He is past president of the Oklahoma Psychological Association, the Division of Applied Experimental and En- gineering Psychology of the American Psychological Association, and the

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207 APPENDIX G Aerospace Medical Association. He has a Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Oklahoma. Toby Warden (Study Director) is a program officer with the Board on Human-Systems Integration of the National Research Council (NRC). Pre- viously, she worked as a program officer with the NRC’s Board on At- mospheric Sciences and Climate, serving as study director for the projects that published Climate Stabilization Targets: Emissions, Concentrations, and Impacts Over Decades to Millennia and When Weather Matters: Sci­ ence and Service to Meet Critical Societal Needs. Prior to joining the NRC staff, she had extensive experience as a program manager and community organizer in the fields of public health and youth advocacy in Boston, Massachusetts. Her doctoral research applied quantitative and qualitative methodologies to examine the rise of the U.S. Mayors Climate Protection Agreement. She has a B.A. in history, magna cum laude, and a Ph.D. in so- cial ecology with an emphasis on environmental analysis and design, both from the University of California, Irvine. J. Frank Yates is an Arthur F. Thurnau professor, a professor of psychology, a professor of marketing and business administration, and a principal in the Judgment and Decision Laboratory of the Department of Psychology, all at the University of Michigan. He is also the coordinator of the Decision Consortium, which is a University of Michigan-wide association of faculty and students whose scholarship includes significant decision-making ele- ments. The main focus of his research is on decision making at both the theoretical and practical levels. That work has emphasized understanding how people decide in the challenging conditions of real life and developing means of assisting them to decide better in those circumstances. He is a past president of the Society for Judgment and Decision Making and is active in a variety of other efforts to advance decision scholarship, including ef- forts involving scholarly journals. He has been an active member of many government and other organizations, including the advisory panel of the Decision, Risk, and Management Science Program at the National Science Foundation. He holds a Ph.D. from the University of Michigan.

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