Technology and Innovation at the University of Maastricht, Netherlands. She is a Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research and the Institute for Fiscal Studies, London. She is also the founder and partner of TSP International, an econometric software firm. She received a B.A. in physics from Wellesley College in 1966 and a Ph.D. in economics from Stanford University in 1988. Professor Hall has published articles on the economics and econometrics of technical change, comparative analysis of the U.S. and European patent systems, the use of patent citation data for the valuation of intangible (knowledge) assets, comparative firm-level investment and innovation studies (the G-7 economies), measuring the returns to R and D and innovation at the firm level, analysis of technology policies such as R and D subsidies and tax incentives, and of recent changes in patenting behavior in the semiconductor and computer industries. She has also made substantial contributions to applied economic research via the creation of software for econometric estimation and of firm-level datasets for the study of innovation, including the widely used NBER dataset for U.S. patents. She is a member of the U.S. Federal Economic Statistics Advisory Committee, and the Research Advisory Councils of the Deutsche Bundesbank, Innovation Research Centre (University of Cambridge and Imperial College) and Solvay Business School (Brussels). She is also a past member of the Expert Group on Knowledge for Growth at the European Commission, and the Science, Technology, and Economic Policy (STEP) Board of the National Research Council.

STEFANO BERTUZZI is a Health Science Policy Analyst at the National Institutes of Health, Office of the Director. Bertuzzi is responsible for the NIH Return on Investment Program, in the Office of Science Policy, Office of the NIH Director, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. In this position, Bertuzzi advises the NIH Director on a wide range of health science policy matters related to the impact of biomedical research on knowledge generation, health, wealth, and national competitiveness. Bertuzzi is the NIH lead for the STAR Metrics Project, which under the auspices of the White House Office of Science Technology and Policy aims at developing a novel infrastructure to capture the impact of federal R and D investments. Bertuzzi received his Ph.D. in Molecular Biotechnology at the Catholic University of Milan, Italy, and after postdoctoral training in the Laboratory of Molecular Neurobiology at the Salk Institute in San Diego, CA., became a tenured Associate Professor at the Dulbecco Telethon Institute in Milan, Italy.

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