Sampat, B. N., and Azoulay, P. 2011. The impact of publicly funded biomedical and health research: a review. (See Appendix D)

Stevens, A. J., Jensen, J.J., Wyller, K., Kilgore, P.C., Chatterjee, S. and Rohrbaugh, M.. 2011. The role of public-sector research in the discovery of drugs and vaccines. The New England Journal of Medicine, 364(6):535-541.

Toole, A. A. 2007. Does public scientific research complement private investment in research and development in the pharmaceutical industry? The Journal of Law and Economics, 50(1):81-104.

Ward, M., and Dranove, D. 1995. The vertical chain of research and development in the pharmaceutical industry. Economic Inquiry, 33: 70-87.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement