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APPENDIX C Definitions of Relevant Variables from the Data-Based Assessment of Research-Doctorate Programs 61

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62 RESEARCH –DOCTORATE PROGRAMS IN THE BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES Data from the Thomson Reuters (formerly Institute for Scientific Information) list of publications were used to Data: T: Average Number of construct this variable. It is the average over seven years, 2000-2006, of the number of articles for each allocated faculty Research Publications (2000-2006) member divided by the total number of faculty allocated to the program. Data were obtained by matching faculty lists Activity per Allocated Faculty, supplied by the programs to Thomson Reuters and cover publications extending back to 1981. For multi-authored 2006 articles, a publication is awarded for each author on the paper who is also on a faculty list. The annual average of the number of allocated citations in the years 2000-2006 to papers published during the period U: Average Citations per 1981-2006 by program faculty divided by the allocated publications that could contribute to the citations. For example, Publication the number of allocated citations for a faculty member in 2003 is found by taking the 2003 citations to that faculty member’s publications between 1981 and 2003. These counts are summed over the total faculty in the program and divided by the sum of the allocated publications to the program in 2003. The faculty questionnaire asks whether a faculty member’s work is currently supported by an extramural grant or V: Percent of Faculty contract. The total of faculty who answered affirmatively was divided by the total respondents in the program and the with Grants, 2006 percentage was calculated. For each program, question E8 reported the type of support that full-time graduate students received during the fall term Data: X: Percent of First Year each year of enrollment. For this variable the data for the first year were added for all types of support and divided by Student Students with Full the total number of students. Support & Financial Support, Fall Outcomes 2005 Questions C16 and C17 reported for males and females separately the number of graduate students who entered in Y: Avg. Completion different cohorts from 1996-1997 to 2005-2006 and the number in each cohort who completed in 3 years or less, in their Percentage: 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th years, and in 10 or more years. To compute the completion percentage, the number of doctoral 6 Years or Less students for a given entering cohort who completed their doctorate in 3 years or less and in their 4th, 5th, 6th years were totaled and the total was divided by the entering students in that cohort. This computation was made for each cohort that entered from 1996-1997 to 2000-2001. Cohorts beyond these years were not considered, since the students could complete in a year that was after the final year 2005-2006 for which data were collected. To compute the average completion percentage, an average was taken over 5 cohorts. Question C2 reported the median time to degree for full-time and part-time students. That reported number was used for Z: Median Time to this variable. The median was calculated from graduates who received doctoral degrees in the period 2003-2004 through Degree (Full- and Part- 2005-2006. A negative coefficient means that shorter times are valued. time Graduates), 2006

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APPENDIX C 63 For each program the data reported for question B7, the race/ethnicity of core and new faculty in the program, was used Data: AC: Non-Asian Minority to compute the ratio of non-Hispanic Blacks, Hispanic, and American Indians or Alaska Natives to that of all faculty Diversity Faculty as a Percent of with known race/ethnicity. “Core” faculty are those whose primary appointment is in the doctoral program. “New” Total Core and New faculty are those with tenure track appointments who were appointed in 2003-2006. Unknowns were excluded from the Domestic Faculty, 2006 ratio, as were faculty who were neither American citizens nor permanent residents. For each program the data reported for question B5, the gender of core and new faculty in the program, were used to AD: Female Faculty as a compute the ratio of core or new female faculty to the total of core and new faculty. Allocations were not used in the Percent of Total Core construction of this variable. and New Faculty, 2006 Question C9c reported the race/ethnicity of graduate students in the program. This was used to compute the ratio of non- AE: Non-Asian Minority Hispanic Blacks, Hispanics, and American Indians or Alaska Natives to that of the total of students with known Students as a Percent of race/ethnicity. Respondents with Race/Ethnicity Unknown where excluded from the ratio, as were international students. Total Domestic Students, Fall 2005 Question C9 reported the gender of graduate students in the program. This was used to compute the percentage by AF: Female Students as taking the number of female graduate students divided by the total number of graduate students. a Percent of Total Students, Fall 2005 Question C9b reported the citizenship of graduate students in the program. These data were used to compute the AG: International percentage of international graduate students by taking the number with temporary visas and dividing it by the number Students as a Percent of of graduate students with known citizenship status. Total Students, Fall 2005 Question C1 reported the number of doctoral degrees awarded each academic year from 2001-2002 to 2005-2006. The Data: Other AH: Average Number average of these numbers was used for this variable. If no data were provided for a particular year, the average was Overall PhDs Graduated, 2002- taken over the years for which there were data. Ranking 2006 Measures For each program, question D4 reported the average GRE verbal and quantitative scores for the 2003-2004, 2004-2005, and 2005-2006 academic years and the number of individuals who reported their scores. A weighted average was used AJ: Average GRE to compute the average GRE, which was calculated by multiplying the number of individuals reporting scores by the Scores, 2004-2006 reported average GRE score for each year, adding these three quantities and dividing by the sum of the individuals reporting scores.

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64 RESEARCH –DOCTORATE PROGRAMS IN THE BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES For each program question E8 reported the type of support full-time graduate students received during fall term each AK: Percent of First- year of enrollment. For this variable the data for the first year were added for support by externally funded fellowships Year Students with and combinations of external fellowships and other internal support and then divided by the total number of students. External Fellowships, 2005 Data from the program questionnaire were used for this variable. Question D12 reported the percentage of graduate AL: Is Student Work students who have work space for their exclusive use. If reported percentage was 100 percent, then a value of 1 was Space Provided? (1=Yes; given to this variable. Otherwise the value was -1. -1=No) Data from the institutional questionnaire were used for this variable. Question A1 reported whether or not the institution AM: Is Health Insurance provided health care insurance for its graduate students. If the response to this question was yes, then a value of 1 was Provided? (1=Yes; - given to this variable. If it was no, then the value was -1. 1=No) Question D8 listed 18 different kinds of support activities for doctoral students or doctoral education. This variable is a AN: Number of Student count of the number of student support activities provided by the program or the institution. Activities (Max=18) Questions B1 and B2, total responses. Data Not AO: Total Faculty, 2006 Used in Ranking Calculated as the number of program faculty corrected for association with multiple programs. For more detail on how AP: Number of these data were calculated, refer to footnote 46 in A Data-Based Assessment of Research-Doctorate Programs in the Allocated Faculty, 2006 United States (2010), Chapter 3, “Study Design.” Total number of core and new faculty. AS: Number of Core and New Faculty, 2006 Question C9 reported the total number of students enrolled in the fall of 2005. AT: Number of Students Enrolled, Fall 2005 Question C3 reflects the number of first-time enrolled for 2001-2002, 2002-2003, 2003-2004, 2004-2005, and 2005- AU: Average Annual 2006. An average was taken over 5 years. First Year Enrollment, 2002-2006 Question E8 reported the number of students who received support as a research assistant in the fall of 2005. A AV: Percent of Students percentage was calculated over the total number of students. with Research Assistantships, Fall 2005

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APPENDIX C 65 Question E8 reported the number of students who received support as a teaching assistant in the fall of 2005. A AW: Percent of Students percentage was calculated over the total number of students. with Teaching Assistantships, Fall 2005 Question E8 reported the number of first year students who received support from an institutional fellowship in the fall AX: Percent of First of 2005. A percentage was calculated over the total number of first year students. Year Students with Institutional Fellowships Alone Question E8 reported the number of first year students who received support from a fellowship or from a traineeship. AY: Percent of First These quantities were added together and the percentage that this was of total first year students was calculated. Year Students with a Combination of Fellowships and Traineeships Question E8 reported the number of first year students who received support from an internal fellowship or from a AZ: Percent of First traineeship. These quantities were added together and the percentage that this was of total first year students was Year Students with Both calculated. Internal Fellowships and Internal Assistantships Question E8 reported the number of first year students who received support from more than one internal fellowship. BA: Percent of First The percentage that this was of total first year students was calculated. Year Students with Multiple Internal Assistantships Question D8 reports whether the institution and/or program provides support for doctoral students or doctoral education. Student BB through BT Key: Activities 1= provided for by institution; 2= program support only; 3= both institutional and program support; 4= neither institutional nor program support Note: This table is taken from the Guide in the Excel table for the Assessment of Research-Doctorate Programs, www.nap.edu/rdp. The letters listed correspond to column labels for that table.

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