277 individuals from 81 colleges and universities and 54 other public or private organizations served as formally appointed members of the Board and its committees. More than 306 individuals participated in SSB activities either as presenters or as invited workshop participants. The report review process is as important as the writing of reports, and during 2010, 57 different external reviewers contributed to critiques of draft reports. Overall, more than 634 individuals from 84 academic institutions, 73 industry or nonprofit organizations, and 27 government agencies or offices participated in SSB activities. That number included 48 members of NAS, NAE, or IOM. Being able to draw on such a broad base of expertise is a unique strength of the NRC advisory process.
The Space Studies Board’s efforts have been relevant to a full range of government audiences in civilian space research—including NASA’s Science Mission Directorate (SMD), NASA’s Exploration Systems Mission Directorate (ESMD), NASA’s Program Analysis and Evaluation Office, NSF, NOAA, USGS, and the Department of Energy (DOE). Reports on NASA-wide issues were addressed to multiple NASA offices or the whole agency; reports on science issues, to SMD; and reports on exploration systems issues, to ESMD. Within NASA, SMD has been the leading sponsor of SSB reports. Reports have also been sponsored by or of interest to agencies besides NASA—for example, NOAA, NSF, DOE, and the USGS.
TABLE 1.2 Experts Involved in the Space Studies Board and Its Committees, January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2010
|Number of Board and Committee Members||Number of Institutions or Agencies Represented|
|Government and national facilities||31||13|
|Nonprofit and othera||19||8|
aOther includes foreign institutions and entities not classified elsewhere.
bIncludes 35 National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine members.
cIncludes 28 Board members, 249 committee members.
TABLE 1.3 Summary of Participation in Space Studies Board Activities, January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2010
|Academia||Government and National Facilities||Private Industry||Nonprofit and Other||Total Individuals|
NOTE: Counts of individuals are subject to an uncertainty of ±3 due to possible miscategorization.
|Total number of NAS, NAE, and/or IOM members||41|
|Total number of non-U.S. participants||8|
|Total number of countries represented, including United States||5|
|Total number of different institutions represented|
Government and national facilities
Nonprofit and other