John A. Armstrong (NAE, Chair) retired from IBM after a 30-year career with the world’s largest manufacturer of computers. He is internationally recognized as an expert in nonlinear optics, the statistical properties of laser light, picosecond pulse measurements and the multiphoton laser spectroscopy of atoms. He previously chaired the Committee on Partnerships in Weather and Climate Services, which produced the 2003 NRC Report, Fair Weather: Effective Partnership in Weather and Climate Services. Dr. Armstrong holds an A.B. in physics from Harvard College (1956) and a Ph.D. (1961) from Harvard University for research in nuclear magnetic resonance at high pressures. He joined IBM in 1963 as a research staff member. In 1976 he became Director of Physical Sciences for the company and was responsible for a major part of IBM research in physics, chemistry, and materials science. In 1980 he was appointed to the IBM Corporate Technical Committee. In 1983 he was named Vice President of logic and memory in the Research Division. In 1986 he became director of research and the following year was elected IBM Vice President and Director of research. In 1989 he was elected a member of the Corporate Management Board and named Vice president of Science and Technology. Dr. Armstrong is a Fellow of the Optical Society of America, the American Physical Society, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences. In 1989 he was awarded the George E. Pake Prize of the American Physical Society.
James D. Doyle earned his B.S. degree in atmospheric science and mathematics from the University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee in 1983 and M.S. and Ph.D. from the Pennsylvania State University in 1986 and 1991, respectively, in meteorology with an emphasis on mesoscale dynamics and numerical weather prediction. He joined the Mesoscale Modeling Section of the Naval Research Laboratory’s Marine Meteorology Division in 1992 and has served as the head of the group since 1998. Since joining NRL, he has conducted research on atmospheric processes over complex terrain, coastal air-sea interaction, and the development of high-resolution numerical weather prediction models. He is one of the primary developers of the Navy’s Coupled Ocean/Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS), which is used to support operational Navy and Department of Defense interests globally, as well as basic research at NRL and numerous other universities and laboratories. Currently, he is leading efforts for improving the physical understanding and prediction of mesoscale phenomena using both deterministic and probabilistic approaches. He is a past Chairman of the American Meteorological Society Committee on Mesoscale Processes and has served as an editor for the Monthly Weather Review and subject matter editor for the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. He is a recipient of the 2008 Top Navy Scientists and Engineers of the Year Award and is a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society. He has over 100 peer-reviewed publications.
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G Biographical Sketches of Committee Members John A. Armstrong (NAE, Chair) retired from IBM the George E. Pake Prize of the American Physical Society. after a 30-year career with the world’s largest manufac- turer of computers. He is internationally recognized as James D. Doyle earned his B.S. degree in atmospheric an expert in nonlinear optics, the statistical properties science and mathematics from the University of Wiscon- of laser light, picosecond pulse measurements and the sin at Milwaukee in 1983 and M.S. and Ph.D. from the multiphoton laser spectroscopy of atoms. He previously Pennsylvania State University in 1986 and 1991, respec- chaired the Committee on Partnerships in Weather tively, in meteorology with an emphasis on mesoscale and Climate Services, which produced the 2003 NRC dynamics and numerical weather prediction. He joined Report, Fair Weather: Effective Partnership in Weather the Mesoscale Modeling Section of the Naval Research and Climate Services. Dr. Armstrong holds an A.B. Laboratory’s Marine Meteorology Division in 1992 and in physics from Harvard College (1956) and a Ph.D. has served as the head of the group since 1998. Since (1961) from Harvard University for research in nuclear joining NRL, he has conducted research on atmospheric magnetic resonance at high pressures. He joined IBM processes over complex terrain, coastal air-sea interac- in 1963 as a research staff member. In 1976 he became tion, and the development of high-resolution numerical Director of Physical Sciences for the company and was weather prediction models. He is one of the primary responsible for a major part of IBM research in phys- developers of the Navy’s Coupled Ocean/Atmosphere ics, chemistry, and materials science. In 1980 he was Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS), which is appointed to the IBM Corporate Technical Commit- used to support operational Navy and Department of tee. In 1983 he was named Vice President of logic and Defense interests globally, as well as basic research at memory in the Research Division. In 1986 he became NRL and numerous other universities and laboratories. director of research and the following year was elected Currently, he is leading efforts for improving the physical IBM Vice President and Director of research. In 1989 understanding and prediction of mesoscale phenomena he was elected a member of the Corporate Manage- using both deterministic and probabilistic approaches. ment Board and named Vice president of Science and He is a past Chairman of the American Meteorologi- Technology. Dr. Armstrong is a Fellow of the Optical cal Society Committee on Mesoscale Processes and has Society of America, the American Physical Society, the served as an editor for the Monthly Weather Review and American Association for the Advancement of Science, subject matter editor for the Bulletin of the American the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Meteorological Society. He is a recipient of the 2008 Top Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers. He is Navy Scientists and Engineers of the Year Award and a member of the National Academy of Engineering is a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society. He and a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy has over 100 peer-reviewed publications. of Engineering Sciences. In 1989 he was awarded 103
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104 APPENDIX G Pamela Emch is a Senior Staff Engineer/Scientist with and meteorology. Dr. Gail received his undergraduate degree in physics and his Ph.D. in electrical engineering Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems in Redondo from Stanford University, where his research focused on Beach, California. She works in Northrop’s Space plasma physics in Earth’s magnetosphere. During this Systems business area on weather, climate, and envi- period, he spent a year as cosmic ray field scientist at ronmental remote sensing and information technology South Pole Station. Dr. Gail has served on a number activities supporting the National Oceanic and Atmo- of National Research Council committees including spheric Administration, the National Aeronautics and the “Decadal Survey for Earth Science and Applica- Space Administration, the Department of Defense, tions from Space.” He serves on a variety of corporate and international customers. From 2005 to 2007 she and organizational boards including Peak Weather was System Engineering, Integration, and Test Lead Resources Inc., Women in Aerospace, Imaging Notes on Northrop’s GOES-R PDRR Program. Before magazine, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric working on GOES-R, Dr. Emch spent eight years on Administration Advisory Committee on Commercial Northrop’s NPOESS Program effort, the last two years Remote Sensing (acting), and the National Aeronautics of which she relocated to Washington, D.C. to serve and Space Administration Applied Sciences Program as Northrop’s system engineering and science interface Advisory Group. He has published extensively on both to the NPOESS government program office in Silver technical and policy issues, and serves as Associate Edi- Spring, Maryland. Prior to that Dr. Emch managed tor for the SPIE Journal of Applied Remote Sensing development of end-to-end physics/instrument/satellite and Director of Industry Relations for the IEEE Geo- remote sensing simulations, archives for environmental science and Remote Sensing Society. Dr. Gail received multimedia data, and led environmental data-collection recent awards from GITA for best conference speaker and application activities for hyperspectral airborne and AGU for excellence in scientific journal review. instruments. Dr. Emch holds an M.S. degree in aero- space engineering from the University of Southern Cali- David Gochis is currently a Scientist-II at the National fornia and a B.A. in mathematics and a Ph.D. in civil Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colo- and environmental engineering from the University of rado. Dr. Gochis is based in NCAR’s Research Appli- California, Los Angeles, specializing in water resources cations Laboratory, a group that looks for research and with a minor in atmospheric sciences. She is the cur- engineering solutions to problems relevant to society. rent Past Chair of the American Meteorological Society As a hydrometeorologist, he serves as a liaison between (AMS) Board on Enterprise Economic Development, hydrologists, who traditionally have strong engineering a member of the Executive Committee of the AMS backgrounds, and atmospheric scientists, who are typi- Commission on the Weather and Climate Enterprise, cally oriented toward scientific research. His research and a Cochair of the Weather Coalition. focuses on coupled hydrological and meteorological William Gail is a Director in the Startup Business forecasting problems. Dr. Gochis earned an M.S. in bioresources engineering from Oregon State Univer- Group at Microsoft with responsibility for enabling sity, with an emphasis on water resources and the agri- breakthroughs in consumer software, having held cultural applications of meteorology and atmospheric similar positions within the Public Sector and Virtual sciences. Afterward, he worked briefly for an engineer- Earth organizations. He is also cofounder and Chief ing firm, designing irrigation systems and assessing Technology Officer of Global Weather Corporation, water resources. He earned his Ph.D. in hydrology and a private-label provider of precision weather forecast water resources from the University of Arizona. From information. He was previously Vice President of Arizona, he moved to NCAR to work as a postdoctoral the mapping products division at Vexcel Corpora- researcher, and later became part of the organization’s tion (where he initiated Vexcel’s 2006 acquisition by permanent scientific staff. Dr. Gochis also serves as co- Microsoft) and Director of Earth Science programs at chair of the International CLIVAR panel on Variability Ball Aerospace, where he was responsible for develop- of American Monsoon Systems. ing spaceborne instruments/missions for Earth science
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105 APPENDIX G Hoshin Gupta specializes in systems analysis and American Meteorological Society (AMS) Committee on Climate Services, the AMS Board of Economic modeling for environmental science. His research is Enterprise Development, the Board of the Interna- focused on the methods for reconciling models with tional Environmental Modeling and Software Society, data, and on methods for dealing with predictive uncer- the Editorial Board of the journal Environmental tainty. His team has made contributions to hydrology Modeling and Software, and the Executive Committee and hydrometeorology for the National Science Foun- of Carpe Diem West. She also serves on the Climate dation (NSF), National Weather Service, and National Working Group of the National Oceanic and Atmo- Aeronautics and Space Administration. He also works spheric Administration Science Advisory Board. Dr. with economists and social scientists to develop coupled Hartmann received her M.S. degree in water resources models that support improved decision making under management from the University of Michigan, and uncertainty, particularly future (scenario) uncertainty, her Ph.D. in hydrology and water resources from the and is co-leader of the first-ever graduate program in University of Arizona. hydrometeorology. Dr. Gupta holds a B. Tech degree in civil engineering (1979) from the Indian Institute of Kevin Kloesel is Associate Dean for Public Service Technology and M.S. (1982) and Ph.D. (1984) degrees and Outreach in the College of Atmospheric and Geo- in system engineering from Case Western Reserve graphic Sciences at the University of Oklahoma. He University. He is a Fellow of the American Geo - is responsible for outreach programs and tours for the physical Union and current Editor of Water Resources 50,000 people that visit the National Weather Center Research. He leads the New Model Approaches and facility in Norman annually. In addition, he is an Asso- Model Diagnostics groups of the International Asso- ciate Professor in the College of Atmospheric and Geo- ciation of Hydrologic Sciences (IAHS), is special Edi- graphic Sciences with teaching and research interests tor for Journal of Hydrology, and is on the Editorial ranging from synoptic meteorology to societal impacts Board of Benchmark Papers in Hydrology. In the past and decision making in weather-impacted situations. he was Executive Director of Semi-Arid Hydrology He led the team that won the Innovations in American and Riparian Areas (SAHRA), the first NSF Center Government Award from Harvard University and the in hydrological science, which coordinated the activities Ford Foundation for their work with the emergency of 400 scientists and 110 students from 17 institutions, management community in Oklahoma. Currently, he and served as President of the IAHS Commission on works directly with thousands of K-12 students and Coupled Land-Atmosphere System (ICCLAS), and teachers, as well as hundreds of emergency manage- as Chair of the American Geophysical Union Surface ment agencies in finding appropriate applications for Water Committee. weather data in local education and decision making. Holly Hartmann is Director of the Arid Lands Infor- He also serves as Director for the largest state climate office in the country, the Oklahoma Climatological mation Center at the University of Arizona, where she Survey, and previously served as Director of the Florida is a coinvestigator at the Climate Assessment for the Climate Center in Tallahassee, Florida. He has a B.S. Southwest (CLIMAS) and led the scenario develop- in engineering science from the University of Texas at ment team at the Science and Technology Center for Austin and an M.S. and Ph.D. (1990) in meteorology the Sustainability of SAHRA. Dr. Hartmann’s research from The Pennsylvania State University. has focused on making climate and water research more usable, based on engagement with stakeholders, devel- Nicholas Lampson served as a member of the U.S. opment of decision support resources and tools, and House of Representatives in Texas’ Districts 9 and 22 transition of decision support into sustainable opera- from 1997 to 2009. During his five terms in Congress, tions. Current projects address climate and hydrologic Lampson was Chairman of the House Science Com- forecasts, climate change scenario planning and risk mittee’s Subcommittee on Energy and the Environ- management, water policy in the U.S. West, and collab- ment which has oversight of the National Weather Ser- orative software development. She is a member of the
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106 APPENDIX G vice. He has a strong focus on energy issues, particularly He supported FEMA in several exercises and served in alternative energy and acknowledges the important role several Disaster Field Offices, most notably to Puerto weather observations and forecasting play in managing Rico and Florida in response to Hurricane Georges. an energy grid heavily reliant on alternative energy. Gordon McBean is a Canadian atmospheric scientist Congressman Lampson’s diverse background provides a unique perspective on the social aspect of weather and Professor at the University of Western Ontario, forecasting. He is an active proponent of business and and Chair for Policy in the Institute for Catastrophic economic growth. Both before and after his tenure in Loss Reduction. Previously Gordon Dr. McBean was Congress, Congressman Lampson advocated for issues the Assistant Deputy Minister, Meteorological Service of planetary concern and now serves in advisory posi- of Canada (MSC); Professor and Head, Department of tions to a green energy company and a company aim- Oceanography, University of British Columbia; Profes- ing to launch a satellite to measure solar flares to warn sor and Chairman, Atmospheric Science Programme, Earth of pending damage. As a Congressman, he was University of British Columbia; and Senior Scientist, active in many issue-oriented Congressional caucuses. Canadian Climate Centre, MSC. Dr. McBean has received many distinguished awards including the John W. Madden was appointed in January 2007 as Order of Canada, the MSC Patterson Medal and the Director of the Division of Homeland Security and CMOS President’s Prize and has been elected a Fel- Emergency Management for the State of Alaska. This low of the Royal Society of Canada, the Canadian followed a year as the Deputy Director for Homeland Meteorological and Oceanographic Society and the Security within the division. His mission is to protect American Meteorological Society. Dr. McBean has lives and property from all hazards including terror- chaired and been a member of enumerable national ism as well as to provide response and comprehensive and international scientific committees, including the recovery from all disasters. His state service follows a National Research Council Committee on Partner- distinguished career in seven federal agencies. Most ships in Weather and Climate Services and Chair of recently, he served with the Transportation Security the International Scientific Committee for the World Administration as Assistant Federal Security Director Climate Research Programme. He is now chair of for Operations. He coordinated security policies, proce- the ICSU-ISSC-UNISDR Science Committee for dures, plans, and exercises with federal, state, and local Integrated Research on Disaster Risk program and agencies throughout Alaska. Mr. Madden served in the President of START International. He has published U.S. Army for three years including twenty months in extensively. Dr. McBean received his Ph.D. in phys- V ietnam performing aviation direct support. After his ics and oceanography from the University of British military service, he joined the U.S. civil service with Columbia. the Department of the Navy. He worked in program David J. McLaughlin is Professor of electrical and and project management with the Naval Weapons Engineering Support Activity, Naval Electronic Sys- computer engineering at the University of Massachu- tems Command, and the Joint Cruise Missile Project setts, Amherst and Director of the National Science Office. After earning his degree in political science, Foundation Engineering Research Center for Collab- he joined the Department of Energy working on fos- orative Adaptive Sensing of the Atmosphere (CASA). sil fuels programs and research and development into CASA is a partnership among academic, industry, and alternative fuels. In 1982, he elected to move to Alaska government researchers from 20 different organiza- with the National Weather Service. He supported their tions pursuing the fundamental knowledge, enabling operations throughout Alaska and traveled extensively technologies, and system-level prototypes behind a to maintain the remote weather observation sites. He new dense radar network technology that has the next worked for the Alaskan Region of the Federal potential to revolutionize how we detect, track, fore- Aviation Administration as the Executive Staff to the cast, warn, and respond to hazardous weather events. Regional Administrator. He also ensured continuity of Dr. McLaughlin received his B.S. and Ph.D. degrees operations for all FAA operations under all hazards. from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, in
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107 APPENDIX G 1984 and 1989, respectively. He spent the period to 1961. Upon discharge he entered graduate school from 1989 through 1999 on the engineering faculty at Colorado State University (CSU), Department at Northeastern University and joined the University of Atmospheric Science, earning his Ph.D. in 1968 of Massachusetts electrical and computer engineering with research interests in hydrometeorology, tropical faculty in January of 2000 where he was the first recipi- meteorology, and climate studies. He remained at ent of the UMass College of Engineering Armstrong CSU as a faculty member until 1972 when he joined Professional Development Professorship and he served the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administra- as Director of the Microwave Remote Sensing Labo- tion’s (NOAA) Global Atmospheric Research Pro- ratory (MIRSL). His research and teaching interests gram (GARP) Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE) include radar design, systems engineering, and policy- project office as the science coordinator for the U.S. mediated dense radar networks. He is a Distinguished contribution to this international field project involv- Lecturer for the American Institute of Aeronautics and ing some 13 countries. He was awarded the Depart- Astronautics (AIAA) and was named a Distinguished ment of Commerce Gold Medal for his work on Faculty member by the University of Massachusetts, GATE. In 1976 he moved to the World Meteorologi- Amherst Alumni Association. He has held research cal Organization (WMO) in Geneva, Switzerland, to fellowships at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory participate in the International Joint Planning Staff and the U.S. Air Force Rome Laboratory and recently for GARP and to undertake the task as manager of the completed a sabbatical as an Engineering Fellow at International Operations Center for the First GARP Raytheon Integrated Defense Systems. Global Experiment, an effort involving virtually every country in the world. He returned to NOAA in 1981 Adrian E. Raftery (NAS) is Professor of Statistics and as Director of the National Weather Service (NWS) Sociology at the University of Washington in Seattle. Climate Analysis Center at the National Meteoro- He was born in Ireland, and obtained a B.A. in math- logical Center. He was elected President of the WMO ematics (1976) and an M.Sc. in statistics and operations Commission for Climatology serving for 8 years in research (1977) at Trinity College Dublin. He obtained this capacity. In 1982 he took the position of Direc- a Doctorate in mathematical statistics in 1980 from the tor of the Office of Meteorology in the NWS. This Université Pierre et Marie Curie in Paris, France. Dr. office oversaw the NWS service programs and was Raftery has published over 150 refereed articles in sta- responsible for planning and coordination with, and tistical, meteorological, and other journals. His research between, the six regional offices. In 1989 he returned focuses on the development of new statistical methods t o WMO as the Director of the World Weather for the social, environmental, and health sciences, Watch (WWW) Department which was responsible including methods for probabilistic weather forecasting for organizing and coordinating all Member States and the evaluation of weather forecasts. He is a member to implement WMO’s Basic Systems comprised of of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, a Fellow of the Global Observing System, the Global Telecom- the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a Fellow munications System, and the Global Data Processing of the American Statistical Association, and a Fellow of System and WMO’s associated service programs. In the Institute of Mathematical Statistics. He is a former 1994 he was appointed Director of NOAA’s Environ- Coordinating and Applications Editor of the Journal mental Research Laboratories (ERL). After retiring of the American Statistical Association. from NOAA in 1999 he has been a consultant inter- nationally on topics including the Global Climate James L. Rasmussen spent three years as a weather O bserving System, the continued development of officer in the U.S. Air Force following his graduation the World Weather Watch, and the organization and from St. Olaf College in 1958. Assigned to the Air management of meteorological and climate services. Force Institute of Technology he graduated with a B.S. He has served in various capacities in the American in meteorology from the University of Utah (1959) Meteorology Society (Counselor, Commissioner, and and served as a weather officer at the 8th Air Force Fellow). He was awarded the CSU William E. Mor- Forecast Center at Westover Air Force Base from 1959 gan Alumni Achievement Award.
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108 APPENDIX G Paul L. Smith is Interim Director of the Institute president of ClimaData Corporation, a commercial weather firm providing specialized forecasts for govern- of Atmospheric Sciences (IAS) at the South Dakota ment, industry, and media. Mr. Toohey-Morales is a School of Mines and Technology. He started as a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society (AMS) research engineer in the IAS, working his way up the and currently serves on the AMS Fellows Commit- ladder as chief engineer to engineering group head and tee. From 2004 to 2010 he served as AMS Commis- senior scientist, to become the Director of the Insti- sioner on Professional Affairs, overseeing the Society’s tute in 1981. He served in that position until 1996, at certification programs, its continuing education efforts, which time he retired from full-time duties and was as well as the private and public sector meteorolo- designated Professor Emeritus. Dr. Smith was also gist boards. He is part of the National Oceanic and named the facility manager for the National Science Atmospheric Administration Science Advisory Board’s Foundation supported T-28 Research Aircraft Facil- Environmental Information Services Working Group. ity, which was housed at the IAS, and served in that D uring his 27-year professional career, Mr. Toohey- position from 1985 to 2005. He then retired but was Morales has worked in the public sector (as a forecaster called back to duty as Interim Director for the South for the National Weather Service) and in the private Dakota 2011 fiscal year. He has taught radar meteorol- sector (as a Certified Consulting Meteorologist and a ogy, physical meteorology, and microwave engineer- broadcast meteorologist). He also participates within ing. Dr. Smith’s major research interests are in radar the academic sector as an adjunct professor of meteo- meteorology, cloud physics, and weather modification. rology. He attained his B.S. in atmospheric sciences He chaired the National Research Council Committee from Cornell University in 1984. World Meteoro- on Weather Radar Technology Beyond NEXRAD, the logical Organization (WMO)-sponsored training at Committee to Assess NEXRAD Flash Flood Fore- the National Hurricane Center and the University of casting Capabilities at Sulphur Mountain, California, Miami in 1988 garnered him several credits of masters- and the Committee on the Evaluation of the Multi- level meteorology courses. He attained his AMS Certi- function Phased Array Radar Planning Process. Paul fied Consulting Meteorologist (CCM) designation in Smith has received the Award for Meritorious Civilian 1997. He is one of only a handful of AMS members Service, U.S. Air Force Air Weather Service (1975); with both the CCM and Certified Broadcast Meteo- the Editor’s Award, Journal of Applied Meteorology, rologist (CBM) accreditations. Mr. Toohey-Morales American Meteorological Society (1992); the Thun- is Past-President of the National Council of Industrial derbird Award, Weather Modification Association Meteorologists (NCIM), as well as a member of the (1995), and was named a National Associate by the National Weather Association (NWA) and the Inter- National Research Council (2004). He was selected national Association of Broadcast Meteorologists. In as the American Meteorological Society’s Remote 2005, he served as private-sector envoy to the U.S. Del- Sensing Lecturer for 2006. Dr. Smith has more than egation at the 57th WMO Executive Council meeting 70 refereed publications in engineering and scientific in Geneva, Switzerland. He won the AMS Award for journals or books and presented more than 100 papers Outstanding Contribution to Applied Meteorology in at professional society meetings. 2007, the AMS Award for Broadcast Meteorology in John Toohey-Morales is chief meteorologist at WTVJ- 2004, and the NWA Broadcaster of the Year Awar TV NBC-6 in Miami, Florida. He is also founder and