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References AOPA (Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association). 1999. Air Safety Butler, R. D. and T. B. McKee. 1998. ASOS Heated Tipping Foundation. Safety Advisor, Technology SA09-7/99. Bucket Performance Assessment and Impact on Precipitation Auciello, E. P. and R. L. Lavoie. 1993. Collaborative Research Climate Continuity. Atmospheric Science Paper No. 655, Activities Between National Weather Service Operational Of- Climatology Report 98-2. Fort Collins, CO: Colorado State fices and Universities. Bulletin of the American Meteorological University. 83 pp. Society 74:625-629. Carter, G. M. 2011. Hydrologic Forecasting Enhancements and AWIPS IRT (Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System Challenges Associated with the National Weather Service Mod- Independent Review Team). 1994. AWIPS Independent Re- ernization. Presentation to the Committee on the Assessment of view: Final Report. Washington, DC: AWIPS IRT. the National Weather Service’s Modernization Program, Irvine, Baer, V. E. 1991. The Transition from the Present Radar Dissemi- CA, March 8, 2011. nation System to the NEXRAD Information Dissemination CBO (Congressional Budget Office). 2004. A Budgetary Analysis Service (NIDS). Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society of NASA’s New Vision for Space Exploration. Washington, 72(1):29-33. DC: CBO. Battan, L. J. 1973. Radar Observation of the Atmosphere. Chicago: Chapman, J. W., V. A. Drake, and D. R. Reynolds. 2011. Recent University of Chicago Press. Insights from Radar Studies of Insect Flight. Annual Review of Bjerkaas, C. 2011. DOD Perspective on the Modernization. Tele- Entomology 56:337-356. phone Interview with Committee on the Assessment of the Chapman, J. W., D. R. Reynolds, and A. D. Smith. 2004. Migra- National Weather Service’s Modernization. May 3, 2011. tory and Foraging Movements in Beneficial Insects: A Review of Booz Allen & Hamilton Inc. 1983. National Weather Service: A Radar Monitoring and Tracking Methods. International Journal Strategy and Organization Concept for the Future, Results of of Pest Management 50(225-232). a Study for NOAA and the U.S. Department of Commerce. Charles, M. E. and B. A. Colle. 2009. Verification of Extratropical Bethesda, MD: Booz Allen & Hamilton. Cyclones within the NCEP Operational Models. Part I: Analy- Brazenec, W. A. 2005. Evaluation of Ultrasonic Snow Depth sis Errors and Short-Term NAM and GFS Forecasts. Weather Sensors for Automated Surface Observing Systems (ASOS). and Forecasting 24(5):1173-1190. Master’s thesis, Colorado State University. Chisholm, D. A. and H. Kruse. 1974. The Variability of Visibility Brier, G. W. 1950. Verification of Forecasts Expressed in Terms of in the Hanscom Mesonet: A Preliminary Assessment. AFCRL- Probability. Monthly Weather Review 78:1-3. TR-74-0265. Bedford, MA: Air Force Cambridge Research Bringi, V. N. and V. Chandrasekar. 2001. Polarimetric Doppler Laboratories. Weather Radar: Principles and Applications. Cambridge, U.K.: Cornick, J. C. and T. B. McKee. 1993. A Comparison of Ceiling Cambridge University Press. and Visibility Observations for NWS Manned Observation Buizza, R., P. L. Houtekamer, Z. Toth, G. Pellerin, M. Z. Wei, and Sites and ASOS Sites. Atmospheric Science Paper No. 529. Fort Y. J. Zhu. 2005. A Comparison of the ECMWF, MSC, and Collins, CO: Colorado State University. 71 pp. NCEP Global Ensemble Prediction Systems. Monthly Weather Crowell, M., S. Edelman, K. Coulton, and S. McAfee. 2007. How Review 133(5):1076-1097. Many People Live in Coastal Areas? Journal of Coastal Research Burgess, D. W., L. R. Lemon, and R. A. Brown. 1975. Evolution 23(5):iii-vi. of a Tornado Signature and Parent Circulation as Revealed by Dallavalle, J. P. and V. J. Dagostaro. 2004. Objective Interpretation Single Doppler Radar. Presented at American Meteorological of Numerical Prediction Model Output: A Perspective Based on Society 16th Radar Meteorology Conference, Houston, TX. Verification of Temperature and Precipitation Guidance. Pre- sented at Symposium on the 50th Anniversary of Operational Numerical Weather Prediction, College Park, MD. 79

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