at Albert Einstein College of Medicine and the Montefiore Medical Center. She served from 2004 to 2008 as executive director of the New York State Task Force on Life and the Law and from 1992 to 1998 as director of clinical ethics at Columbia-Presbyterian Hospital in New York City. Dr. Powell is a graduate of Harvard-Radcliffe College and Yale Medical School. She performed her psychiatric internship, her residency, and a fellowship in consultation-liaison psychiatry at Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, and the New York State Psychiatric Institute. She is a fellow of the American Psychiatric Association and of the New York Academy of Medicine and a member of the American Society of Bioethics and Humanities. In 2007 she co-chaired the New York State Department of Health’s work group to develop guidelines for allocating ventilators during an influenza pandemic.

Margaret L. Brandeau, Ph.D., is Coleman F. Fung professor of engineering and professor of medicine (by courtesy) at Stanford University. She holds a B.S. in mathematics and an M.S. in operations research from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and a Ph.D. in engineering-economic systems from Stanford. She is an operations researcher and policy analyst with extensive background in the development of applied mathematical and economic models, and a distinguished investigator in HIV. Among other awards, Professor Brandeau has received the President’s Award from the Institute for Operations Research and Management Science (INFORMS) for contributions to the welfare of society, the Pierskalla Prize from INFORMS for research excellence in health care management science, a Presidential Young Investigator Award from the National Science Foundation, the Department of Management Science and Engineering Graduate Teaching Award, and the Eugene L. Grant Faculty Teaching Award. She is a Fellow of INFORMS. Professor Brandeau has published numerous articles in areas of applied operations research and policy analysis; co-edited the books Modeling the AIDS Epidemic: Planning, Policy, and Prediction and Operations Research in Health: A Handbook of Methods and Applications; and has served as principal investigator on a broad range of funded research projects. She has served on the board of several journals, including Operations Research, Management Science, and Health Care Management Science. Her HIV research focuses on using mathematical and economic models to assess the value of different HIV and drug abuse interventions, both in the United States and abroad. Recently, she has studied policies for control of hepatitis B both in the United States and abroad, as well as preparedness planning for potential bioterror attacks.

Brad Brekke, J.D., M.A.T.S., has been vice president of Assets Protection for Target Corporation since 2001, leading a diverse team of executives in



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