TABLE 9-1 Evidence Table: Language and Social Communication

Study N TBI Severity Level Brief Narrative Comparator Outcome Measures Findings
RCT

Bornhofen and McDonald 2008a
12 Severe This study investigated whether social perception deficits could be remediated through cognitive rehabilitation, using a treatment program that incorporated techniques previously known to be effective with the TBI population. Y

No Content: Waitlist control group

•  Facial Expression Matching Task


•  Facial Expression Naming Task


•  The Awareness of Social Inference Test (TASIT), Parts 1, 2, and 3


•  The Sydney Psychosocial Reintegration Scale (SPRS), Current Status - Self Ratings

At immediate post-treatment, the intervention yielded significantly better social inference (TASIT) scores relative to the waitlist group. While the intervention group performed better posttreatment on scores of one form of the matching measure, there was no difference between groups on the alternate form of the matching measure, naming facial expression, or psychosocial reintegration. One month follow-up scores in the treatment arm were significantly higher than prior to treatment on all measures.


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