TABLE 10-1 Evidence Table: Memory

Study N TBI Severity Level Brief Narrative Comparator Outcome Measures Findings
RCT
Bergquist et al. 2010

Bergquist et al. 2009
14 Moderate-Severe This study examined patient satisfaction with a web-based cognitive rehabilitation program previously shown to effect functional improvements. Y

Other CRT Content: Diary condition

•  Compensation Techniques Questionnaire


•  Study Satisfaction Questionnaire

Between the time of assessment and the treatment condition, no significant differences were found in satisfaction. Greater satisfaction upon study completion was additionally found to be correlated with a higher level of calendar use prior to the study’s initiation.
Berg et al. 1991

Milders et al. 1995
39 Severe “Memory strategy training” with several memory tasks chosen by participant with following rules applied:

•  try to accept that a deficient memory cannot be cured


•  make a more efficient use of your remaining capacities


•  use external aids when possible


•  pay more attention


•  spend more time


•  repeat


•  make associations


•  organize


•  link input


•  retrieval situations

Y

No Content and Other CRT Content: Two control groups-one that drilled and practiced (restorative), and one that received no treatment

•  Control tasks


■  Distraction-Reaction Time Task


■  Reaction Time Task


•  Effect tasks


■  15 Words Test


■  Face-Name Learning


■  Shopping Lists

At 4-month follow-up both groups of trainees saw significant, subjective effects of therapy on their everyday memory functioning, rating them as highly positive; only the strategy training group saw significant, objective effects on memory performance scores.


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