FIGURE 3-1 Factors affecting initial response to TBI and recovery from TBI.


Individuals who sustain TBI may have preexisting conditions, as well as diverse cognitive, medical, genetic, and environmental backgrounds that potentially moderate the effects of injury. Each of these elements (independently and collectively) along with the heterogeneity of TBI can affect an

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement