are also applied to other sectoral plans, such as for energy, water, waste, transport, agriculture and industry.”42

Tribal environmental policy act: A model act that would establish an environmental impact assessment for actions proposed by tribal governments in the United States.43

Zoning ordinance (or bylaws): “Legislative regulations by which a municipal government seeks to control the use of buildings and land within the municipality. It has become, in the United States, a widespread method of controlling urban and suburban construction and removing congestion and other defects of existing plans.”44


42UNECE (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe). 2010. New International Treaty to Better Integrate Environmental and Health Concerns into Political Decision-Making. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. July 6, 2010[online]. Available: [accessed Jan. 3, 2011].

43The Tulalip Tribes of Washington. 2000. Participating in the National Environmental Policy Act: Developing a Tribal Environmental Policy Act. A Comprehensive Guide for American Indian and Alaska Native Communities. The Tulalip Tribes of Washington [online]. Available: [accessed Nov. 22, 2010].

44Columbia University. 2007. The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th Ed. New York: Columbia University Press.

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001

Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement