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References Alvarez, L.W., W. Alvarez, F. Asaro, and H.V. Michel. 1980. Extrater- Beerling, D.J., and D.L. Royer. 2011. Convergent Cenozoic CO2 history. restrial cause for the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary extinction. Science Nature Geoscience 4:418-420. 208:1095-1108. Behl, R.J., and J.P. Kennett. 1996. Brief interstadial events in the Santa Alvarez,W., J. Smit, W. Lowrie, F. Asaro, S.V. Margolis, P. Claeys, M. Barbara basin, NE Pacific, during the past 60 kyr. Nature 379:243-246. Kastner, and A.R. Hildebrand. 1992. Proximal impact deposits at the Bénard, F., J. Jallot, R. Vially, J. Schmitz, W. Roest, M. Patriat, and Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary in the Gulf of Mexico: A restudy of DSDP B. Loubrieu. 2010. The Kerguelen plateau: Records from a long- Leg 77 Sites 536 and 540. Geology 20(8):697-700. living/composite microcontinent. Marine and Petroleum Geology Ambrose, B., C. Keener, and D. Farr. 2003. Deepwater dynamically po- 27(3):633-649. sitioned drillships: How shallow can they go? In Offshore Technology Berggren, A. 1969. Rates of evolution in some Cenozoic planktonic fora- Conference, Houston, Texas. minifera. Micropaleontology 15:351-365. Anderson, R.N., M.D. Zoback, S.H. Hickman, and R.L. Newmark. 1985. Berggren, W.A., D.V. Kent, and J. Van Couvering. 1985. The Neogene: Part Permeability versus depth in the upper oceanic crust: In situ measure- 2. Neogene geochronology and chronostratigraphy. In Snelling, N. J. ments in Deep Sea Drilling Project Hole 504B, Eastern Equatorial (Ed.). The Chronology of the Geological Record. Geological Society of Pacific. Journal of Geophysical Research 90(B5):3659-3669. London Memoir 10:211-260. Anonymous. 1972. Penrose Field Conference on ophiolites. Geotimes Biddle, J.F., S. Fitz-Gibbon, S.C. Schuster, J.E. Brenchley, and C.H. House. 17:24-25. 2008. Metagenomic signatures of the Peru Margin subseafloor biosphere Arculus, R.J., J.B. Gill, H. Cambray, W. Chen, and R.J. Stern. 1995. Geo- show a genetically distinct environment. Proceedings of the National chemical evolution of arc systems in the western Pacfic: The ash and Academy of Sciences 105(30):10583-10588. turbidite record recovered by drilling. In Active Margins and Marginal Bijl, P.K., S. Schouten, A. Sluijs, G.J. Reichart, J.C. Zachos, and H. Basins of the Western Pacific, Taylor, B. and J. Natland (Eds.). American Brinkhuis. 2009. Early Palaeogene temperature evolution of the south- Geophysical Union, San Francisco, California. west Pacific Ocean. Nature 461:776-779. Bach, W. and K.J. Edwards. 2003. Iron and sulfide oxidation within basalt Billups, K., H. Pälike, J.E.T. Channell, J.C. Zachos, and N.J. Shackleton. ocean crust: Implications for chemolithoautotrophic microbial biomass 2004. Astronomical calibration of the Late Oligocene through Early production. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 67(20):3871-3887. Miocene geomagnetic polarity time scale. Earth Planetary Science Backman, J. and K. Moran. 2009. Expanding the Cenozoic paleoceano- Letters 224(1-2):33-44. graphic record in the Central Arctic Ocean: IODP Expedition 302 Billups, K., N. Rabideaux, and J. Stoffel. 2011. Suborbital-scale sur- Synthesis. Central European Journal of Geosciences 1(2):157-175. face and deep water records in the subtropical North Atlantic: Im- Bains, S., R.M. Corfield, and R.D. Norris. 1999. Mechanisms of climate plications on thermohaline overturn. Quaternary Science Reviews warming at the end of the Paleocene. Science 285:724-727. 30(21-22):2976-2987. Bangs, N.L.B., G.F. Moore, S.P.S. Gulick, E.M. Pangborn, H.J. Tobin, S. Binns, R.A., F.J.A.S. Barriga, D.J. Miller, and Shipoboard Scientific Party. Kuramoto, and A. Taira. 2009. Broad, weak regions of the Nankai Mega- 2002. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Initial Reports 193. thrust and implications for shallow coseismic slip. Earth and Planetary Ocean Drilling Program, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas. Science Letters 284(1-2):44-49. Binns, R.A., F.J.A.S. Barriga, and D.J. Miller. 2007. Leg 193 synthesis: Becker, K. and E.E. Davis. 2005. A review of CORK designs and operations Anatomy of an active felsic-hosted hydrothermal system, eastern Ma- during the Ocean Drilling Program. In Proceedings of the Integrated nus Basin, Papua New Guinea. In Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Ocean Drilling Program 301, Fisher, A.T., T. Urabe, A. Klaus, and Program, Scientific Results 193, Barriga, F.J.A.S., R.A. Binns, D.J. Expedition 301 Scientists (Eds.). Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, Miller, and P.M. Herzig (Eds.). Ocean Drilling Program, Texas A&M Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas. University, College Station, Texas. Becker, K. and A. Fisher. 2008. Borehole packer tests at multiple depths resolve distinct hydrologic intervals in 3.5-Ma upper oceanic crust on the eastern flank of Juan de Fuca Ridge. Journal of Geophysical Research 113(B07105):1-12. 73

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