B

Committee and Staff Biographies

COMMITTEE

Robert A. Duce (Co-Chair) is presently Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Oceanography and Atmospheric Sciences at Texas A&M University. From 1991 to 1997 he was Dean of the College of Geosciences at Texas A&M. From 1987 to 1991 he was Dean of the Graduate School of Oceanography and Vice Provost for Marine Affairs at the University of Rhode Island. His research interests include the chemistry of the atmosphere and ocean, focusing on the chemical cycles of pollutant and natural substances in the global atmosphere, their transport from the continents, and their deposition to and impact on coastal and remote ocean regions. He is the past President of SCOR (ICSU Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research), the International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences, and the Oceanography Society, and he is past Chair of the U.N. Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection. He has been a member of the National Research Council’s (NRC) Ocean Studies Board and Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate. He is a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union, the Oceanography Society, the American Meteorological Society, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). Dr. Duce earned a B.A. in chemistry from Baylor University in 1957 and a Ph.D. in inorganic and nuclear chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1964.

Arthur Goldstein (Co-Chair) has served as the Dean of the College of Science and Mathematics at Bridgewater State University, Massachusetts, since August 2010. As the founding Dean of this new college his responsibilities not only comprise the normal duties of a Dean, course scheduling, faculty workload, and promotion, tenure assessment, and hiring, but also include working with the faculty to craft a vision for the college and to develop strategic priorities. In addition, he has responsibilities for the completion of a new Science and Math Center, which will house the college in the future. Prior to joining Bridgewater State University he held appointments at the University of New England as Dean and at the National Science Foundation (NSF) in the Division of Earth Sciences as a Program Director, Section Head, and, eventually, Division Director. At NSF, Dr. Goldstein had responsibility for grants programs in excess of $150 million annually and had oversight responsibility for the construction of EarthScope, a $200 million project aimed at developing a comprehensive understanding of the plate boundary processes active in western North America and the structure and evolution of the North American continent. At NSF he was also involved in developing funding for geoinformatics projects and a variety of new initiatives including GeoTeach, a program that addresses development of pre-service and in-service secondary school teachers, and the Critical Zone Observatory Program that invested $8.5 million in integrated studies of Earth’s near surface environments. Prior to his appointment at NSF he was a Professor of Geology at Colgate University and served as Department Chair for five years. Dr. Goldstein received his B.S. in geology from Kent State University and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

Subir K. Banerjee is Distinguished Professor Emeritus and Founding Director of the Institute for Rock Magnetism at the University of Minnesota, a national facility for state-of-the-art instrumentation and research in rock magnetism. Dr. Banerjee earned a Sc.D. in 1983 from Cambridge University. Dr. Banerjee, his students, and his postdoctoral colleagues have studied many drill cores from the ocean crust and ophiolite complexes on land. Their research led to models of very deep-seated crustal sources of marine magnetic



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B Committee and Staff Biographies COMMITTEE vision for the college and to develop strategic priorities. In addition, he has responsibilities for the completion of a new Robert A. Duce (Co-Chair) is presently Distinguished Science and Math Center, which will house the college in the Professor Emeritus of Oceanography and Atmospheric future. Prior to joining Bridgewater State University he held Sciences at Texas A&M University. From 1991 to 1997 he appointments at the University of New England as Dean and was Dean of the College of Geosciences at Texas A&M. at the National Science Foundation (NSF) in the Division of From 1987 to 1991 he was Dean of the Graduate School of Earth Sciences as a Program Director, Section Head, and, Oceanography and Vice Provost for Marine Affairs at the eventually, Division Director. At NSF, Dr. Goldstein had University of Rhode Island. His research interests include responsibility for grants programs in excess of $150 million the chemistry of the atmosphere and ocean, focusing on the annually and had oversight responsibility for the construction chemical cycles of pollutant and natural substances in the of EarthScope, a $200 million project aimed at developing global atmosphere, their transport from the continents, and a comprehensive understanding of the plate boundary pro- their deposition to and impact on coastal and remote ocean cesses active in western North America and the structure regions. He is the past President of SCOR (ICSU Scientific and evolution of the North American continent. At NSF he Committee on Oceanic Research), the International Asso- was also involved in developing funding for geoinformatics ciation of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences, and the projects and a variety of new initiatives including GeoTeach, Oceanography Society, and he is past Chair of the U.N. a program that addresses development of pre-service and Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Envi- in-service secondary school teachers, and the Critical Zone ronmental Protection. He has been a member of the National Observatory Program that invested $8.5 million in integrated Research Council’s (NRC) Ocean Studies Board and Board studies of Earth’s near surface environments. Prior to his ap- on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate. He is a Fellow of the pointment at NSF he was a Professor of Geology at Colgate American Geophysical Union, the Oceanography Society, University and served as Department Chair for five years. the American Meteorological Society, and the American Dr. Goldstein received his B.S. in geology from Kent State Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). Dr. University and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from University of Duce earned a B.A. in chemistry from Baylor University in Massachusetts, Amherst. 1957 and a Ph.D. in inorganic and nuclear chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1964. Subir K. Banerjee is Distinguished Professor Emeritus and Founding Director of the Institute for Rock Magnetism at Arthur Goldstein (Co-Chair) has served as the Dean of the the University of Minnesota, a national facility for state-of- College of Science and Mathematics at Bridgewater State the-art instrumentation and research in rock magnetism. Dr. University, Massachusetts, since August 2010. As the found- Banerjee earned a Sc.D. in 1983 from Cambridge University. ing Dean of this new college his responsibilities not only Dr. Banerjee, his students, and his postdoctoral colleagues comprise the normal duties of a Dean, course scheduling, have studied many drill cores from the ocean crust and faculty workload, and promotion, tenure assessment, and ophiolite complexes on land. Their research led to models hiring, but also include working with the faculty to craft a of very deep-seated crustal sources of marine magnetic 93

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94 SCIENTIFIC OCEAN DRILLING Julie Huber is a microbial oceanographer at the Marine anomalies. He is a Fellow of both the American Geophysi- cal Union and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Biological Laboratory, interested in the ecology of bacteria Dr. Banerjee has received many awards, including the 2006 and archaea in the deep sea, especially at underwater volca- John Adam Fleming Medal from the American Geophysi- noes. Most of her research focuses on the oceanic crust as cal Union, the 2004 Louis Néel Medal from the European a microbial habitat and the distribution, diversity, and evo- Geosciences Union, and the 2003 William Gilbert Award lutionary and community dynamics of microbial groups in from the American Geophysical Union, Geomagnetism and the subseafloor. Currently, Dr. Huber is using phylogenetic, Paleomagnetism. Dr. Banerjee was the President of Ameri- metagenomic, cultivation-based, and geochemical measure- can Geophysical Union’s Geomagnetism and Paleomagne- ments of deep-sea crustal fluids to link microbial groups with tism section and a member of the Council of Officers of the their metabolic and physiological functions in subseafloor American Geophysical Union from 1984 to 1988. At the habitats. She is broadly interested in marine microbial eco- NSF, Dr. Banerjee has participated in many ad hoc panels to systems of all types, from coral reefs to marine sediments, review research grant proposals and reseach programs and and the methods and approaches that unite microbial scien- to help select Presidential Young Investigators. tists. As a sea-going scientist, Dr. Huber is also interested in technology development for deep-sea exploration and William B. Curry is a Senior Scientist at Woods Hole in situ experimentation. Dr. Huber has a Ph.D. and M.S. in Oceanographic Institution (WHOI). He received a B.S. in oceanography from the University of Washington, and she is geology from the University of Delaware in 1974 and a Ph.D. a winner of the Loreal Women in Science award. in geology from Brown University in 1980. Dr. Curry studies Michael E. Jackson is the Manager for Earth Sciences for the history of Earth’s climate and carbon cycle using geologi- cal records of ocean chemistry and physical properties. His Trimble Navigation. He was recently the Principal Investiga- detailed research interests are quantitative paleoclimatology tor and Director of EarthScope Plate Boundary and SAFOD and paleoceanography, sedimentation dynamics of marine (San Andres Fault Obsevatory at Depth) Observatories, particulates, and stable isotopic fractionation in carbonate- UNAVCO, Inc. Dr. Jackson specializes in the geodesy, secreting organisms. Dr. Curry is actively involved with paleoseismology, and physics of tectonically active parts seagoing expeditions to collect deep-sea sediments and uses of Earth with an emphasis on the installation, operations, the chemistry of fossils in the sediments to determine how and management of remote, geographically distributed in- climate has changed on decadal to millennial time scales. strumentation networks. As part of his duties as a National He has been a member of the Scientific Staff at WHOI since Science Foundation (NSF) Major Equipment and Facilities 1981. He is a former Ocean Studies Board member and has Construction Project Manager, Dr. Jackson provides advice served on three National Research Council Committees. to NSF on whether other large facility projects are well pro- posed and ready to begin construction/implementation, and Magnus Friberg is a Research Officer at the Swedish Re- he provides ongoing guidance to NSF during the construction search Council with special responsibilities for large-scale and operations phases. Dr. Jackson was Chair of the Ocean infrastructures for earth and environmental research, polar Observatories Initiatives Preliminary Design Review panel research, and the Research Council’s program for invest- and a member of the National Ecological Observatory Net- ments in research equipment in all areas of science. As such, work (NEON) Conceptual Design and Preliminary Design he represents Sweden in international research cooperations review panels. Dr. Jackson has also served as a member of the in Earth and environmental sciences and polar research. He U.S. Geological Survey’s National Volcano Early Warning has a Ph.D. in applied geophysics from Uppsala University. System (NVEWS) advisory panel. He has a B.S. in geology His research involved geophysical exploration techniques from the University of New Mexico and an M.S. in geologi- and their combination with geological observations, focus- cal sciences and a Ph.D. in geophysics from the University ing on the deep drilling site in the Middle Ural Mountains. of Colorado. It also included applying geophysics to archeology and Keith K. Millheim (NAE) is President of Strategic World- environmental and geothermal exploration, as well as charac- terizing sites for nuclear waste repositories. Dr. Friberg also wide, LLC. Dr. Millheim received his Ph.D. in mining serves on several national and international organizations, engineering from the University of Leoben in 1992. He also including the EU Joint Programming Initiative on Climate earned an M.Sc. in petroleum engineering from the Univer- Research and the European Strategy Forum for Research sity of Oklahoma in 1964 and a B.Sc. in petroleum science Infrastructures (EU Commission) Thematic Working Group from Marietta College in 1963. Dr. Millheim is a member on Environmental Research Infrastructures, and he chairs of many professional societies, including the Society of the Nordic Council of Ministers program on Cryosphere Petroleum Engineers (SPE) and the Society of Systems Research. Thinking. He is also a member of many other organizations, including the Texas Academy of Science, Engineering and

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95 APPENDIX B Paul E. Olsen (NAS) is the Arthur D. Storke Memorial Medicine and the National Academy of Engineering (NAE). He currently serves on NAE’s Committee on the Analysis Professor in the Department of Earth and Environmental of Causes of the Deepwater Horizon Fire and Oil Spill to Sciences at Columbia University. He earned his Ph.D. in Identify Measures to Prevent Similar Accidents in the Future. biology from Yale University in 1984. Dr. Olsen’s research His research interest focuses on the implementation of new interests include ecosystem evolution, especially aspects of technology in petroleum drilling. Dr. Millheim is currently external forcing and intrinsic biological innovations, and also serving on the NAE Committee on Membership. Triassic and Jurassic continental ecosystems, paleobiology, climate, tectonics, and stratigraphy. Dr. Olsen’s overall area Samuel Mukasa is Dean of the College of Engineering of interest is the evolution of continental ecosystems, includ- and Physical Sciences and Eric J. Essene Professor of Geo- ing their external and internal controls and their biological chemistry at the University of New Hampshire (UNH). Dr. and physical components. Furthermore, he is especially in- Mukasa earned a Ph.D. from the University of California, terested in the pattern, causes, and effects of climate change Santa Barbara in geochemistry in 1984, and spent 21 years on on geological time scales, mass extinctions, and the effects of the faculty of the Department of Geological Sciences at the evolutionary innovations on global biogeochemical cycles. University of Michigan prior to moving to UNH in January Dr. Olsen became a member of the National Academy of 2011. His fields of study in petrology and geochemistry focus Sciences (NAS) in 2008. on integrated use of trace elements and lead, neodymium, L ori Summa i s Senior Technical Consultant with the strontium, hafnium, and osmium isotopes to model the pet- rogenesis of ultramafic xenoliths, arc lavas, layered mafic ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company. In this position, intrusions, and continental flood basalts, the application of she advises corporate management on strategic geoscience uranium-lead and argon-argon (40Ar-39Ar) geochronology issues to ensure appropriate research is performed in support to provide constraints on the evolution of continental and of business objectives. Her background is in basin analysis oceanic arcs, the kinematic evolution of orogenic belts, and and numerical modeling, and she has also done much ap- the chemical geodynamics of the mantle and lower crust. plied research with exploration and drilling. She currently Dr. Mukasa recently served on the NRC’s Polar Research serves as a member of the TeXas Earth and Space Science Board and on the Committee on Principles of Environmental (TXESS) Advisory Board and is a former member of the and Scientific Stewardship for the Exploration and Study of Integrated Ocean Drilling Program’s U.S. Science Advisory Subglacial Lake Environments. Committee (IODP USSAC) Panel, which advises the U.S. Science Support Program on supporting drillship operations. Tim Naish is Professor and Director of the Antarctic Re- Dr. Summa earned a B.S. in geology with honors from the search Centre at Victoria University of Wellington in New University of Rochester in 1979 and a Ph.D. in geology from Zealand. Dr. Naish’s current research projects include the University of California, Davis in 1985. understanding of how continental margin sedimentation Anne M. Tréhu is a Professor of Geophysics in Oregon responds to climate and sea level change over long (orbital time scales), specifically focusing on the role of ice sheets State University’s College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Ad- and Antarctica in the global climate system. Since 1990, his ministration. She earned her Ph.D. from the Massachusetts research has focused on documenting the physical evidence Institute of Technology in 1982 and her B.A. from Princeton in shallow-marine sedimentary basins of climatic and sea- University in 1975. Dr. Tréhu’s research interests focus on level variability inferred from deep ocean drill cores (e.g., the influence of crustal structure on earthquake processes and oxygen isotope records). More recently his research has on the distribution and dynamics of gas hydrates on conti- been concerned with documenting past variability of the nental margins. Dr. Tréhu is a current member of the Ocean Antarctic ice sheets and their contribution to global sea-level Studies Board; she has also served on the NRC Committee to change and climate variability. During the past 10 years he Review the Activities Authorized under the Methane Hydrate participated on the Cape Roberts Drilling Project and led the Research and Development Act of 2000 (2003-2004) and recently completed ANDRILL McMurdo Ice Shelf Drilling the Committee on Seismology (1990-1996). Dr. Tréhu is a Project. He is Chair of the International ANDRILL Science Fellow of the American Geophysical Union. Planning Committee, and a member of the Executive Com- mittee of the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research’s STAFF Antarctic Climate Evolution Project. He is also a member of Deborah Glickson is a Senior Program Officer with the the Royal Society of New Zealand Marsden Fund Council. Dr. Naish earned a B.Sc. in 1988, an M.Sc. (1st Class Hons.) Ocean Studies Board at the National Research Council in 1989, and a Ph.D. in 1996 from the University of Waikato, (NRC). She received an M.S. in geology from Vanderbilt all in Earth sciences. University in 1999 and a Ph.D. in oceanography from the University of Washington in 2007. Her doctoral research fo-

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96 SCIENTIFIC OCEAN DRILLING cused on magmatic and tectonic contributions to mid-ocean research papers and 10 Geological Survey reports, and she ridge evolution and hydrothermal activity at the Endeavour has directed 10 studies at the NRC. She completed a Ph.D. Segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge. In 2008, she participated in geology at Stanford University and received a B.A. in in the Dean John A. Knauss Marine Policy Fellowship and geology from Franklin and Marshall College. worked on coastal and ocean policy and legislation in the Jeremy Justice was a Senior Program Assistant with the U.S. Senate. Prior to her Ph.D. work, she was a research associate in physical oceanography at Woods Hole Oceano- Ocean Studies Board from 2008 to 2011. He earned a B.A. graphic Institution. Since joining the NRC staff in 2008, she in international and area studies from the University of has worked on a number of studies including Critical Infra- Oklahoma in 2008. While at the NRC, Mr. Justice worked on structure for Ocean Research and Societal Needs in 2030 Science at Sea: Meeting Future Oceanographic Goals with (2011), Realizing the Energy Potential of Methane Hydrate a Robust Academic Research Fleet, Ecosystem Concepts for for the United States (2010), Science at Sea: Meeting Future Sustainable Bivalve Mariculture, Assessment of Sea-Turtle Status and Trends, and Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: Oceanographic Goals with a Robust Academic Research Fleet (2009), and Oceanography in 2025: Proceedings of a An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation’s Workshop (2009). Preparedness Efforts in addition to this report. Elizabeth A. Eide is a Senior Program Officer with the Lauren Harding joined the Ocean Studies Board as a Board on Earth Sciences and Resources. Prior to joining program assistant in August 2011. In 2011, she graduated the NRC in this capacity in 2005, she worked for 12 years from High Point University majoring in biology and minor- as a researcher, team leader, and laboratory manager at the ing in chemistry. As an undergraduate, she conducted an Geological Survey of Norway in Trondheim. Her research independent research project on cave ecosystems, which she on large-scale crustal processes in many areas of the world presented at the 72nd Annual Meeting of the Association for included use of isotope geochronology, petrology, and field Southeastern Biologists. Prior to her position at OSB, Lauren observations, and collaboration with academia and the was a marketing and accounting assistant with Webco Gener- private sector. She is author or coauthor of more than 40 al Partnership, a company of the U.S. military resale market.