Veterinary Medical Association, Veterinary Cancer Society, and ILAR Council. He has published on alternatives to animal experimentation and his current research interests include alleviating distress in laboratory animals.

Nicholas H. Bergman, PhD, is Senior Principal Investigator, National Biodefense Analysis and Countermeasures Center. His research in the past has focused on the identification of targets for therapeutic intervention using genomics and proteomics, and more recently on the ways these approaches can be best used for microbial forensics. His lab includes both experimental and computational biologists, and their work has involved the use of a range of systems-level approaches in understanding the biology and pathogenesis of a variety of bacterial pathogens, including B. anthracis, F. tularensis, S. aureus, S. pyogenes, and A. baumannii. Dr. Bergman is a member of the Interoperability Working Group, NIH/NIAID Biodefense Proteomics Research Centers, the NIAID Systems Biology of Infectious Disease Scientific Working Group, and is the chairperson of the NBACC Institutional Biosafety Committee. He was formerly Co-Director, NIAID/University of Michigan Biodefense Proteomics Research Center. He also served as an external reviewer for the U.S. Department of State, Russian Nonproliferation Office and International Science and Technology Center; the US Department of Homeland Security/National Biodefense Analysis and Countermeasures Center (NBACC); Defence Research and Development Canada—Centre for Security Science; and U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command Grants Office.

Daniel J. Carucci, MD, MSc, PhD, is the President of Global Health Consulting, Inc., providing profit and non-profit organizations, international NGOs, multilateral and service organizations who are working toward improving the impact of global health investments. The organization provides strategic and technical assistance in global health to major international private sector corporations focused on increasing demand for quality health products and services, improving integration of health services across sectors, leveraging corporate capabilities applied to global health, and supporting large-scale global health programs. As Vice President for Global Health at the United Nations Foundation, Dr Carucci supported programs and fostered diverse partnerships to address the United Nations Millennium Development Goals. He spearheaded programs to amplify the voices of African leaders for improved health in Africa, worked to increase the awareness and impact of global health investments and supported innovations in global health technology, communications and finance. As Director of the Grand Challenges in Global Health Initiative at the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health, he oversaw a $200 million investment portfolio of research programs supported by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation in cutting edge technologies directed at solving technical barriers to improved global health. He completed 20 years active service as a U.S. Navy physician and research scientist. As Director of the U.S. Navy Malaria Vaccine Program he led a team of scientists and physicians in cutting edge genomic approaches to the development and testing of malaria vaccines, establishing partnerships with the biotechnology industry and building clinical trial capabilities in the developing world. Dr Carucci received a Medical Degree from the University of Virginia, School of Medicine; a Masters of Science in Clinical Tropical Medicine and a Doctor of Philosophy from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. He is an Honorary Professor of the London School of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene and the recipient of the prestigious 2002 American Medical Association Nathan Davis Award for Outstanding Government Service, the 2000 Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Award for Excellence in Military Medicine, and the 1989 Operational Flight Surgeon of the Year. He has published over 70 peer-reviewed articles and book chapters. His personal awards while with the U.S. Navy include the Legion of Merit with gold star (in lieu of a second award), Meritorious Service Medal with gold star (in lieu of a second award), Navy Commendation Medal and Navy Achievement Medal.

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