The following HTML text is provided to enhance online
readability. Many aspects of typography translate only awkwardly to HTML.
Please use the page image
as the authoritative form to ensure accuracy.
New Research Opportunities in the Earth Sciences
Borg, L.E., and D.S. Draper. 2003. A petrogenetic model for the origin and compositional variation of the martian basaltic meteorites. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 38:1713-1731.
Bouchenak-Khelladi, Y., A. Verboom, T.R. Hodkinson, N. Salamin, O. Francois, G. Chonghaile, and V. Savolainen. 2009. The origins and diversification of C4 grasses and savanna adapted ungulates. Global Change Biology 15:2397-2417.
Bouchon, M., and M. Vallee. 2003. Observation of long supershear rupture during the magnitude 8.1 Kunlunshan earthquake. Science 301:824-826.
Bowring, S.A., T.B. Housh, and C.E. Isachsen. 1990. The Acastagneisses; remnant of Earth’s early crust. Pp. 319-343 in The Origin of the Earth, H.E. Newsom and J.H. Jones, eds. New York: Oxford University Press.
Bowring, S.A. and I.S. Williams. 1999. Priscoan (4.00-4.03 Ga) orthogneisses from northwestern Canada. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 134(1):3-16.
Brantley, S.L., T.S. White, A.F. White, D. Sparks, D. Richter, K. Pregitzer, L. Derry, O. Chorover, R. April, S. Anderson, and R. Amundson. 2006. Frontiers in Exploration of the Critical Zone. Report of a workshop sponsored by the National Science Foundation, October 24-26, 2005, Newark, DE, 30 pp.
Brantley, S.L., J.P. Megonigal, F.N. Scatena, Z. Balogh-Brunstad, R.T. Barnes, M.A. Bruns, P. Van Cappellen, K. Dontsova, H.E. Hartnett, A.S. Hartshorn, A. Heimsath, E. Herndon, L. Jin, C.K. Keller, J.R. Leake, W.H. McDowell, F.C. Meinzer, T.J. Mozdzer, S. Petsch, J. Pett-Ridge, K.S. Pregitzer, P.A. Raymond, C.S. Riebe, K. Shumaker, A. Sutton-Grier, R. Walter, and K. Yoo. 2011. Twelve testable hypotheses on the geobiology of weathering. Geobiology9(2):140-165.
Brocks, J.J., G.D. Love, R.E. Summons, A.H. Knoll, G.A. Logan, and S.A. Bowden. 2005. Biomarker evidence for green and purple sulphur bacteria in a stratified Palaeoproterozoic sea. Nature 437:866-870.
Brozović, N., D. Burbank, and A. Meigs. 1997. Climatic limits on landscape development in the northwestern Himalaya. Science 276:571-574.
Brumfiel, G. 2009. Supplanting the old media? Nature 458:274-277. Buggisch, W., M.M. Joachimski, G. Sevastopulo, and J.R. Morrow. 2008. Mississippian δ13Ccarb and conodontapatite δ13O records—their relation to the Late Palaeozoic glaciation.Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeocology 268:273-292.
Burke, K., B. Steinberger, T.H. Torsvik, and M.A. Smethurst. 2008. Plume generation zones at the margins of large low shear velocity provinces on the core-mantle boundary. Earth Planetary Science Letters 265:49-60.
Came, R.E., J.M. Eiler, J. Veizer, K. Azmy, U. Brand, and C.R. Weidman. 2007. Coupling of surface temperatures and atmospheric CO2concentrations during the Palaeozoic era. Nature 449:198-201.
Canadell, J.P., P. Ciais, S. Dhakal, H. Dolman, P. Friedlingstein, K.R. Gurney, A. Held, R.B. Jackson, C. Le Quéré, E.L. Malone, D.S. Ojima, A. Patwardhan, G.P. Peters, and M.R. Raupach. 2010. Interactions of the carbon cycle, human activity, and the climate system: A research portfolio. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 2:301-311.
Canup, R.M. 2004. Simulations of a late lunar-forming impact. Icarus168:433-456.
Canup, R.M., and E. Asphaug. 2001. Origin of the moon in a giant impact near the end of Earth’s formation. Nature 412:708-712.
Catling, D. 2006. Comment on a hydrogen-rich early Earth atmosphere. Science 311:38.
Cavosie, A.J., J.W. Valley, and S.A. Wilde. 2005. Magmatic delta O-18 in 4400-3900 Ma detrital zircons: A record of the alteration and recycling of crust in the Early Archean. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 235:663-681.
Cerling, T.E. 1992. Development of grasslands and savannas in East Africa during the Neogene. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeocology97:241-247.
CGS (Council of Graduate Schools). 2007. Graduate Education: The Backbone of American Competitiveness and Innovation. A report of the CGS Advisory Committee on Graduate Education and American Competitiveness, Washington, DC, 30 pp.
Chabot, N.L., D.S. Draper, and C.B. Agee. 2005. Conditions of core formation in the Earth: Constraints from nickel and cobalt partitioning. Geochimica et CosmochimicaActa69:2141-2151.
Chambers, J.E. 2004. Planetary accretion in the inner solar system.Earth Planetary Science Letters 224:241-252.
Chapin, F., G. Woodwell, J. Randerson, E. Rastetter, G. Lovett, D. Baldocchi, D. Clark, M. Harmon, D. Schimel, R. Valentini, C.
Wirth, J. Aber, J. Cole, M. Goulden, J. Harden, M. Heimann, R. Howarth, P. Matson, A. McGuire, J. Melillo, H. Mooney, J.
Neff, R. Houghton, M. Pace, M. Ryan, S. Running, O. Sala, W. Schlesinger, and E.D. Schulze. 2006. Reconciling carbon-cycle concepts, terminology, and methods. Ecosystems 9:1041-1050.
Chapman, J.B., T.L. Pavis, S. Gulick, A. Berger, L. Lowe, J. Spotial, R. Bruhn, M. Vorkink, P. Koons, A. Barker, C. Picornell, K. Ridgway, B. Hallet, J. Jaeger, and J. MacCalpin. 2008. Neotectonics of the Yakuttat collision: Changes in deformation driven by mass redistribution. Pp. 65-82 in Active Tectonics and Seismic Potential of Alaska, J.T. Freymueller et al., eds. Washington, DC: American Geophysical Union.
Compston, W., and R.T. Pidgeon. 1986. Jack Hills, evidence of more very old deetrital zircons in western Australia. Nature 321:766-769.
Crowley, T.J. 1998. Significance of tectonic boundary conditions for paleoclimate simulations. Pp. 3-17 in Tectonic Boundary Conditions for Climate Reconstructions, T.J. Crowley and K.C. Burke, eds. New York: Oxford University Press.
D’Odorico, P., F. Liao, and L. Ridolfi. 2010a. Does globalization of water reduce societal resilience to drought? Geophysical Research Letters 37:L13403.
D’Odorico, P., F. Liao, A. Porporato, L. Ridolfi, A. Rinaldo, and I. Rodriquez-Iturbe. 2010b. Ecohydrology of terrestrial ecosystems. BioScience60(11):898-907.
Dasgupta, R., and M.M. Hirschmann. 2010. The deep carbon cycle and melting in Earth’s interior. Earth and Planetary Science Letters (Frontiers) 298:1-13.
Delahaye, E.J., J. Townend, M.E. Reyners, and G. Rogers. 2009. Microseismicity but no tremor accompanying slow slip in the Hikurangisubduction zone, New Zealand. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 277:21-28.
Delsuc, F., H. Brinkmann, and H. Philippe. 2005. Phylogenomics and the reconstruction of the tree of life. Nature Reviews Genetics 6:361-375.
Dietrich, W.E., D.G. Bellugi, L.S. Sklar, J.D. Stock, A.M. Heimsath, and J.J. Roering. 2003. Geomorphic transport laws for predicting landscape form and dynamics. Pp. 1-30 in Prediction in Geomorphology. Geophysical Monograph 135. Washington, DC: American Geophysical Union.