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Copyright 2011 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
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Cover images: (Upper): Adapted from Mayr, E. 2004. De la bacteria la om—Evolutia lumii vii. Bucharest, Romania:Humanitas; (Lower): GloFish® fluorescent fish. Genetically modified Danio rerio. Photo courtesy of www.glofish.com.
The serpent has been a symbol of long life, healing, and knowledge among almost all cultures and religions since the beginning of recorded history. The serpent adopted as a logotype by the Institute of Medicine is a relief carving from ancient Greece, now held by the Staatliche Museen in Berlin.
Suggested citation: IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2011. The Science and Applications of Synthetic and Systems Biology. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.