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OCR for page 113
D Acronyms AAS American Astronomical Society ADR active debris removal AFSPC Air Force Space Command AIAA American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics ALTAIR ARPA Long-Range Tracking and Instrumentation Radar Ames Ames Research Center AMOR Advanced Meteor Orbit Radar APA Administrative Procedure Act ARTEMIS Acceleration, Reconnection, Turbulence, and Electrodynamics of the Moon’s Interaction with the Sun ASAT anti-satellite ASEB Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board BLE ballistic limit equation CA Conjunction Assessment CARA Conjunction Assessment Risk Analysis CEOS Committee on Earth Observations Satellites COLA Launch Collision Avoidance COSPAR Committee on Space Research DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DAS Debris Assessment Software DLR German Aerospace Center DOD Department of Defense DPE damage predictor equation EMP electromagnetic pulse ESA European Space Agency 113

OCR for page 113
114 LIMITING FUTURE COLLISION RISK TO SPACECRAFT ESD electrostatic discharge EVA extravehicular activity EVOLVE 2-dimensional Evolutionary Debris Model FAA Federal Aviation Administration FCC Federal Communications Commission GEO geosynchronous/geostationary Earth orbit GPM Global Precipitation Measurement (mission) GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center HAX Haystack Auxiliary HITF Hypervelocity Impact Technology Facility HPLA high power large aperture radar HRMP Harvard Radio Meteor Project HST Hubble Space Telescope HVIT Hypervelocity Impact Technology IADC Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination Committee IAF International Astronautical Federation IDP interplanetary dust particle IFM Interplanetary Flux Model ISS International Space Station ITAR International Traffic in Arms Regulations JSC Johnson Space Center JSpOC Joint Space Operations Center KSC Kennedy Space Center LARC Langley Research Center LDEF Long Duration Exposure Facility LEGEND LEO-to-GEO Environment Debris model LEO low Earth orbit LMT Liquid Mirror Telescope LSC UNCOPUOS Legal Subcommittee of Committee on the Peaceful Purposes of Space LSP Launch Services Program MCAT Meter-Class Autonomous Telescope MCSurv Manned Spacecraft and Crew Survivability MEM Meteoroid Environment Model MEO Meteoroid Environment Office MMOD meteoroid and orbital debris MODEST Michigan Orbital Debris Survey Telescope MSCSurv Manned Spacecraft and Crew Survivability code MSFC Marshall Space Flight Center NaK sodium potassium NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

OCR for page 113
115 APPENDIX D NORAD North American Aerospace Defense Command NRC National Research Council NRO National Reconnaissance Office OCM Orbit Conjunction Messages OCT Office of the Chief Technologist OD orbital debris ODA orbital debris assessment ODPO Orbital Debris Program Office OMB Office of Management and Budget ORDEM Orbital Debris Environment Model ORSAT Object Reentry Survival Analysis Tool OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy Pc probability of collision PRA probabilistic risk analysis/assessment PSFT Propulsion Systems Foundation Technology PVDF polyvinylidene fluoride RCS radar cross-section RORSAT Radar Ocean Reconnaissance Satellite SBM standard breakup model SBRAM Satellite Breakup Assessment Model SDA Space Data Association SDC Space Data Center SEM Size Estimation Model SGP4 Simplified General Perturbations 4 SNR signal-to-noise ratio SOCIT Satellite Orbital Debris Characterization Impact Test SP special perturbations SSN Space Surveillance Network STD NASA Technical Standard STSC UNCOPUOS Science and Technology Subcommittee TLE two-line element set TRL technology readiness level UN United Nations UNCOPUOS UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space UNGA UN General Assembly USAF U.S. Air Force USSR Union of Soviet Socialist Republics USSTRATCOM U.S. Strategic Command