Appendix D

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Acs, Z., and D. Audretsch. 1990. Innovation and Small Firms. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Alic, J. A., L. M. Branscomb, H. Brooks, A. B. Carter, and G. L. Epstein. 1992. Beyond Spin-off: Military and Commercial Technologies in a Changing World. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.

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Appendix D Bibliography Acs, Z., and D. Audretsch. 1990. Innovation and Small Firms. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. Alic, J. A., L. M. Branscomb, H. Brooks, A. B. Carter, and G. L. Epstein. 1992. Beyond Spin-off: Military and Commercial Technologies in a Changing World. Boston: Harvard Business School Press. Amsden, A. H. 2001. The Rise of "the Rest": Challenges to the West from Late-industrializing Econo- mies. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Arizona Daily Star. 2009. "Budget Cuts Hit Science Research Partnerships at Arizona Universities." February 8. Asheim, B., A. Isaksen, C. Nauwelaers, and F. Todtling, eds. 2003. Regional Innovation Policy for Small-Medium Enterprises. Cheltenham, UK, and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar. Athreye, S. 2000. "Technology policy and innovation: The role of competition between firms." In P. Conceicao, S. Shariq, and M. Heitor, eds. Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy: Opportu- nities and Challenges for the Knowledge Economy. Westport, CT, and London: Quorum Books. Atkinson, R., and S. Andes. 2010. The 2010 State New Economy Index: Benchmarking Economic Transformation in the States. Kauffman Foundation and ITIF. November. Audretsch, D., ed. 1998. Industrial Policy and Competitive Advantage, Volumes 1 and 2. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Audretsch, D. 2006. The Entrepreneurial Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Audretsch, D., B. Bozeman, K. L. Combs, M. Feldman, A. Link, D. Siegel, P. Stephan, G. Tassey, and C. Wessner. 2002. "The economics of science and technology." Journal of Technology Transfer 27:155-203. Audretsch, D., H. Grimm, and C. W. Wessner. 2005. Local Heroes in the Global Village: Globaliza- tion and the New Entrepreneurship Policies. New York: Springer. Augustine, C., et al. 2009. Redefining What's Possible for Clean Energy by 2020. Full Report. Gigaton Throwdown. June. Bajaj, V. 2009. "India to spend $900 million on solar." The New York Times November 20. Baldwin, J. R., and P. Hanel. 2003. Innovation and Knowledge Creation in an Open Economy: Canadian Industry and International Implications. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 173

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174 CLUSTERING FOR 21ST CENTURY PROSPERITY Balzat, M., and A. Pyka. 2006. "Mapping national innovation systems in the OECD area." Interna- tional Journal of Technology and Globalisation 2(1-2):158-176. Bank of Boston. 1997. "MIT: The Impact of Innovation." Boston: Bank of Boston. Bezdek, R. H., and F. T. Sparrow. 1981. "Solar subsidies and economic efficiency." Energy Policy 9(4):289-300. Biegelbauer, P. S., and S. Borras, eds. 2003. Innovation Policies in Europe and the U.S.: The New Agenda. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate. Birch, D. 1981. "Who creates jobs?" The Public Interest 65:3-14. Block, F., and M. R. Keller. 2008. Where Do Innovations Come From? Transformations in the U.S. National Innovation System, 1970-2006. Washington, DC: The Informational Technology & Innovation Foundation. July. Blomstrm, M., A. Kokko, and F. Sjholm. 2002. "Growth & Innovation Policies for a Knowledge Economy: Experiences from Finland, Sweden, & Singapore." EIJS Working Paper. Series No. 156. Bloomberg News. 2006. "The next green revolution." August 21. Bolinger, M., R. Wiser, and E. Ing. 2006. "Exploring the Economic Value of EPAct 2005's PV Tax Credits." Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Borenstein, S. 2008. The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production. Berkeley, CA: Center for the Study of Energy Markets. Borras, S. 2003. The Innovation Policy of the European Union: From Government to Governance. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Borrus, M., and J. Stowsky. 2000. "Technology policy and economic growth." In C. Edquist and M. McKelvey, eds. Systems of Innovation: Growth, Competitiveness and Employment, Vol. 2. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar. Bradsher, K. 2009. "China builds high wall to guard energy industry." International Herald Tribune July 13. Brander, J. A., and B. J. Spencer. 1983. "International R&D rivalry and industrial strategy." Review of Economic Studies 50:707-722. Brander, J. A., and B. J. Spencer. 1985. "Export strategies and international market share rivalry." Journal of International Economics 16:83-100. Branigin, W. 2009. "Obama lays out clean-energy plans." Washington Post March 24, p. A05. Branscomb, L., and P. Auerswald. 2002. Between Invention and Innovation: An Analysis of Funding for Early-Stage Technology Development. NIST GCR 02841. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology. November. Braunerhjelm, P., and M. Feldman. 2006. Cluster Genesis: Technology based Industrial Development. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Bush, N. 2005. "Chinese competition policy, it takes more than a law." China Business Review May-June. Bush, V. 1945. Science: The Endless Frontier. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. Campoccia, A., L. Dusonchet, E. Telaretti, and G. Zizzo. 2009. "Comparative analysis of different supporting measures for the production of electrical energy by solar PV and Wind systems: Four representative European cases." Solar Energy 83(3):287-297. Caracostas, P., and U. Muldur. 2001. "The emergence of the new European Union research and inno vation policy." In P. Laredo and P. Mustar, eds. Research and Innovation Policies in the New Global Economy: An International Comparative Analysis. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Chesbrough, H. 2003. Open Innovation: The New Imperative for Creating and Profiting from Technol- ogy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School Press. Cimoli, M., and M. della Giusta. 2000. "The Nature of Technological Change and Its Main Implica- tions on National and Local Systems of Innovation." IIASA Interim Report IR-98-029. Coburn, C., and D. Berglund. 1995. Partnerships: A Compendium of State and Federal Cooperative Programs. Columbus, OH: Battelle Press.

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176 CLUSTERING FOR 21ST CENTURY PROSPERITY Eickelpasch, A., and M. Fritsch. 2005. "Contests for cooperation: a new approach in German innova- tion policy." Research Policy 34:1269-1282. Energy Information Administration. 2008. Federal Financial Interventions and Subsidies in Energy Markets 2007. Washington, DC: Energy Information Administration. Engardio, P. 2008. "Los Alamos and Sandia: R&D Treasures." BusinessWeek. February 11. Engardio, P. 2009. "State Capitalism." BusinessWeek. February 6. Etzowitz, H. 2008. The Triple Helix: University-Industry-Government Innovation in Action . London: Routledge. European Commission. 2003. Innovation in Candidate Countries: Strengthening Industrial Perfor- mance. Brussels: European Commission. May. Fangerberg, J. 2002. Technology, Growth, and Competitiveness: Selected Essays. Cheltenham, UK, and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar. Farrell, C., and M. Mandell. 1992. "Industrial Policy." BusinessWeek. April 4. Federal Reserve of Chicago. 2007. "Can Higher Education Foster Economic Growth?--A Conference Summary. Chicago Fed Letter. March. Feldman, M., and A. Link. 2001. "Innovation policy in the knowledge-based economy." In Economics of Science, Technology and Innovation, Vol. 23. Boston: Kluwer Academic Press. Feldman, M., A. Link, and D. Siegel. 2002. The Economics of Science and Technology: An Overview of Initiatives to Foster Innovation, Entrepreneurship, and Economic Growth . Boston: Kluwer Academic Press. Feser, E. 2005. "Industry Cluster Concepts in Innovation Policy: A Comparison of U.S. and Latin American Experience." Interdiscliplinary Studies in Economics and Management. Volume 4. Vienna: Springer. Fishback, B., C. A. Gulbranson, R. E. Litan, L. Mitchell, and M. Porzig. 2007. Finding Business "Idols": A New Model to Accelerate Start-Ups. Kauffman Foundation Report, 4. Flamm, K. 2003. "SEMATECH revisited: assessing consortium impacts on semiconductor industry R&D." In National Research Council. Securing the Future: Regional and National Programs to Support the Semiconductor Industry. C. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Florida, R. 2002. The Rise of the Creative Class. New York: Basic Books. Florida, R. 2004. "The World is Spiky." Atlantic Monthly. October. Fonfria, A., C. Diaz de la Guardia, and I. Alvarez. 2002. "The role of technology and competitive- ness policies: a technology gap approach." Journal of Interdisciplinary Economics 13:223-241. Foray, D., and P. Llerena. 1996. "Information structure and coordination in technology policy: a theoretical model and two case studies." Journal of Evolutionary Economics 6(2):157-173. Freeman, C. 1987. Theory of Innovation and Interactive Learning. London: Pinter. Friedman, T. 2005. The World Is Flat: A Brief History of the 21st Century. New York: W. H. Freeman. Fry, G. R. H. 1986. "The economics of home solar water heating and the role of solar tax credits." Land Economics 62(2):134-144. Fthenakis, V., J. E. Mason, and K. Zweibel. 2009. "The technical, geographical, and economic fea- sibility for solar energy to supply the energy needs of the US." Energy Policy 37(2):387-399. Fullilove, M. T. 2005. Root Shock: How Tearing Up City Neighborhoods Hurts America and What We Can Do About It. New York: Ballantine Books. Furman, J., M. Porter, and S. Stern. 2002. "The determinants of national innovative capacity." Research Policy 31:899-933. Geiger, R. L., and C. M. S. 2009. Tapping the Riches of Science: Universities and the Promise of Economic Growth. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press. George, G., and G. Prabhu. 2003. "Developmental financial institutions as technology policy instru- ments: implications for innovation and entrepreneurship in emerging economies." Research Policy 32(1):89-108.

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APPENDIX D 179 Moore, G. 2003. "The SEMATECH contribution." In National Research Council. Securing the Future: Regional and National Programs to Support the Semiconductor Industry. C. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Moselle, B., J. Padilla, and R. Schmalensee. 2010. Harnessing Renewable Energy in Electric Power Systems: Theory, Practice Policy. Washington, DC: RFF Press. Mufson, S. 2009. "Asian nations could outpace U.S. in developing clean energy." Washington Post July 16. Murphy, L. M., and P. L. Edwards. 2003. Bridging the Valley of Death: Transitioning from Public to Private Sector Financing. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. May. Mustar, P., and P. Laredo. 2002. "Innovation and research policy in France (1980-2000) or the dis appearance of the Colbertist state." Research Policy 31:55-72. National Academy of Engineering. 2004. The Engineer of 2020: Visions of Engineering in the New Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Academy of Engineering. 2008. Grand Challenges for Engineering. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Academy of Sciences. 2010. Electricity from Renewable Sources: Status, Prospects, and Impediments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 2007. Rising Above the Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and National Research Coun- cil. 2009. America's Energy Future: Technology and Transformation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and National Research Council. 2009. Real Prospects for Energy Efficiency in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Economic Council and Office of Science and Technology Policy. 2009. "A Strategy for American Innovation: Driving Towards Sustainable Growth and Quality Jobs." Washington, DC: Executive Office of the President. September. National Governors' Association. 2007. Innovation America. Washington, DC: National Governors' Association. National Institute of Standards and Technology. 2010. "NIST Manufacturing Extension Partnership Awards $9.1 Million for 22 Projects to Enhance U.S. Manufacturers' Global Competitiveness." Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology. October 5. National Research Council. 1996. Conflict and Cooperation in National Competition for High- Technology Industry. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 1999. The Advanced Technology Program: Challenges and Opportunities. C. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 1999. Funding a Revolution: Government Support for Computing Research. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 1999. Industry-Laboratory Partnerships: A Review of the Sandia Science and Technology Park Initiative. C. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 1999. New Vistas in Transatlantic Science and Technology Cooperation. C. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 1999. The Small Business Innovation Research Program: Challenges and Opportunities. C. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 1999. U.S. Industry in 2000: Studies in Competitive Performance. D. C. Mowery, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 2000. The Small Business Innovation Research Program: A Review of the Department of Defense Fast Track Initiative. C. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

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180 CLUSTERING FOR 21ST CENTURY PROSPERITY National Research Council. 2001. A Review of the New Initiatives at the NASA Ames Research Center--Summary of a Workshop. C. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 2001. Building a Workforce for the Information Economy. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 2001. Capitalizing on New Needs and New Opportunities: Government- Industry Partnerships in Biotechnology and Information Technologies. C. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 2001. The Advanced Technology Program: Assessing Outcomes. C. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 2001. Trends in Federal Support of Research and Graduate Education. S. A. Merrill, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 2003. Partnerships for Solid-State Lighting--Report of a Workshop. C. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2003. Government-Industry Partnerships for the Development of New Technologies: Summary Report. C. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2003. Securing the Future: Regional and National Programs to Support the Semiconductor Industry. C. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2003. Understanding Climate Change Feedbacks. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2004. The Small Business Innovation Research Program: Program Diversity and Assessment Challenges--Report of a Symposium. C. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2005. Getting Up to Speed: The Future of Superconducting. S. L. Graham, M. Snir, and C. A. Patterson, eds. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2005. Policy Implications of International Graduate Students and Post- doctoral Scholars in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2007. Enhancing Productivity Growth in the Information Age: Measuring and Sustaining the New Economy. D. W. Jorgenson and C. W. Wessner, eds. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2007. Innovation Policies for the 21st Century--Report of a Symposium. C. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2007. India's Changing Innovation System: Achievements, Chal- lenges, and Opportunities for Cooperation--Report of a Symposium . C. W. Wessner and S. J. Shivakumar, eds. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2007. SBIR and the Phase III Challenge of Commercialization--Report of a Symposium. C. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2008. An Assessment of the Small Business Innovation Research Program. C. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2008. An Assessment of the Small Business Innovation Research Program at the Department of Energy. C. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2008. An Assessment of the Small Business Innovation Research Pro- gram at the National Science Foundation. C. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2008. Innovative Flanders: Innovation Policies for the 21st Century-- Report of a Symposium. C. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2008. Innovation in Global Industries: U.S. Firms Competing in a New World. J. Macher and D. Mowery, eds. Washington DC: The National Academies Press.

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APPENDIX D 181 National Research Council. 2008. The National Academies Summit on America's Energy Future: Summary of a Meeting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2009. 21st Century Innovation Systems for Japan and the United States: Lessons from a Decade of Change--Report of a Symposium. S. Nagaoka, M. Kondo, K. Flamm, and C. Wessner, eds. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2009. An Assessment of the Small Business Innovation Research Program at the Department of Defense. C. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2009. An Assessment of the Small Business Innovation Research Program at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. C. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2009. An Assessment of the Small Business Innovation Research Pro- gram at the National Institutes of Health. C. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2009. Hidden Costs of Energy: Unpriced Consequences of Energy Pro- duction and Use. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2009. Revisiting the Department of Defense SBIR Fast Track Initiative. C. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2009. Understanding Research, Science and Technology Parks: Global Best Practices--Report of a Symposium. C. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2009. Venture Funding and the NIH SBIR Program. C. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2010. Managing University Intellectual Property in the Public Interest, Stephen Merrill and Anne-Marie Mazza, eds., Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2011. Building the 21st Century: U.S.-China Cooperation on Science, Technology, and Innovation. C. W. Wessner, rapporteur. Washington, DC: The National Acad- emies Press. National Research Council. 2011. Growing Innovation Clusters for American Prosperity: Summary of a Symposium, Charles W. Wessner, ed., Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2011. The Future of Photovoltaics Manufacturing in the United States. C. W. Wessner, rapporteur. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2012. Building Hawaii's Innovation Economy: Summary of a Symposium. C. W. Wessner, rapporteur. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council of Canada. 2008. State of the Nation 2008: Canada's Science, Technology, and Innovation System. Ottawa: Government of Canada. Needham, J. 1954-1986. Science and Civilization in China (five volumes). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Nelson, R., and K. Nelson. 2002. "Technology, institutions, and innovation systems." Research Policy 31:265-272. Nelson, R., and N. Rosenberg. 1993. "Technical innovation and national systems." In R. R. Nelson, ed. National Innovation Systems: A Comparative Analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press. O'Hara, M. P. 2005. Cities of Knowledge: Cold War Science and the Search for the Next Silicon Valley. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. 1997. "National Innovation Systems." Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. 2009. Main Science and Technology Indicators. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Orszag, P., and T. Kane. 2003. "Funding Restrictions at Public Universities: Effects and Policy Im- plications." Brookings Institution Working Paper. September.

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182 CLUSTERING FOR 21ST CENTURY PROSPERITY Oughton, C., M. Landabaso, and K. Morgan. 2002. "The regional innovation paradox: innovation policy and industrial policy." Journal of Technology Transfer 27(1). Palmintera, D. 2005. Accelerating Economic Development through University Technology Transfer. Reston, VA: Innovation Associates. Pavitt, K. 1998. "The Social Shaping of the National Science Base." Research Policy 27:793-805. Pezzini, M. 2003. "Cultivating Regional Development: Main Trends and Policy Challenges in OECD Regions." Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Porter, M. E. 1990. The Competitive Advantage of Nations. New York: The Free Press. Porter, M. E., ed. 1993. Choosing to Compete: A Statewide Strategy for Job Creation and Economic Growth. Boston: The Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Porter, M. E. 1998. "Clusters and the new economics of competition" Harvard Business Review 76(6):77-90. Posen, A. 2001. "Japan." In B. Steil, D. G. Victor, and R. R. Nelson, eds. Technological Innovation and Economic Performance. Princeton: Princeton University Press. President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology. 2004. Sustaining the Nation's Innovation System: Report on Information Technology Manufacturing and Competitiveness. Washington, DC: Executive Office of the President. January. PricewaterhouseCoopers. 2006. "China's Impact on the Semiconductor Industry: 2005 Update." PricewaterhouseCoopers. Purdue University. 2009. Crossing the Next Regional Frontier: Information and Analytics Linking Regional Competitiveness to Investment in a Knowledge-Based Economy. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University. October. Raduchel, W. 2006. "The end of stovepiping." In National Research Council. The Telecommunications Challenge: Changing Technologies and Evolving Policies, C. W. Wessner, ed., Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Ragwitz, M., and C. Huber. 2005. "Feed-in systems in Germany and Spain: a comparison." Fraunhofer Institut fr Systemtechnik und Innovationsforschung. Reid, T. R. 2004. The United States of Europe: The New Superpower and the End of American Supremacy. New York: Penguin Press. Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century. 2009. Renewables Global Status Report 2009. Paris: REN21. Rickerson, W., and R. Grace. 2007. "The Debate Over Fixed Price Incentives for Renewable Elec tricity in Europe and the United States: Fallout and Future Directions." White Paper prepared for the Heinrich Bll Foundation. Washington, DC Romer, P. M. 1990. "Endogenous technological change." Journal of Political Economy October. Rosenberg, N., and R. R. Nelson. 1994. "American universities and technical advance in industry." Research Policy 23:323-248 Ruttan, V. 2002. Technology, Growth and Development: An Induced Innovation Perspective. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Rutten, R., and F. Boekema. 2005. "Innovation, policy and economic growth: theory and cases." European Planning Studies 13(8). Sallet, J., E. Paisley, and J. R. Masterman. 2009. "The Geography of Innovation, the Federal Govern- ment and the Growth of Regional Innovation clusters." Science Progress. September. Sarzynski, A. 2010. "The Impact of Solar Incentive Programs in Ten States." George Washington Institute of Public Policy Technical Report. Revised March 2010. Saxenian, A. 1994. Regional Advantage: Culture and Competition in Silicon Valley and Route 128. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Scott, A. J. 2004. On Hollywood: The Place, the Industry. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press. SERI (Solar Energy Industries Association). 2009. U.S. Solar in Review 2008. Washington, DC: Solar Energy Industries Association.

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