descriptions (analytic, statistical, or semantic) that enable the prediction and control of the behavior of such systems. The program is initially focused on the Internet and grid computing, and it will facilitate predictability and reliability in these areas and in other complex systems (e.g., biotechnology, nanotechnology, semiconductors, and complex engineering).
- Cloud Computing Program: The purpose of this program is to accelerate the federal government’s secure adoption of cloud computing by building a U.S. government cloud computing standards roadmap12 that focuses on the highest-priority U.S. government cloud computing security, interoperability, and portability requirements; and by leading efforts to develop standards and guidelines in close consultation and collaboration with standards bodies, the private sector, and other stakeholders.
- National Initiative for Cybersecurity Education: This initiative was established to “build a comprehensive framework that promulgates the availability of education, training, and awareness resources, designed to improve the cybersecurity knowledge, skills, and behavior of every segment of the population.”13
- Quantum Information Program: In order to develop a measurement and standards infrastructure for information systems based on the principles of quantum physics, this program pursues the following objectives: to understand the potential for quantum information to revolutionize information science; to develop theory, methods, architectures, and algorithms to enable the engineering and testing of quantum computing components and systems; and to demonstrate and to test secure, commercial-grade communication components, systems, and protocols for the quantum era.
- Identity Management Systems Program: The purpose of this program is to advance the development and adoption of fingerprint, face, and iris identification and surveillance technologies through the designing of appropriate performance metrics, evaluation methodologies, test suites and test data, prototypes and testbeds, workshops, and standards and guidelines.
- Health Information Technology Program (Health IT Program): This program was established to support the accelerated development and harmonization of standards for health technologies, to create a health IT testing infrastructure, to consult on certification processes, to expand R&D and the deployment of security protocols, to support the usability of health technologies, and to address health care development beyond traditional physical locations, such as telemedicine and pervasive health care.
- Pervasive Information Technology Program: This program studies the trend toward increasingly ubiquitous connected computing sensors, devices, and networks that monitor and respond transparently to human needs. The program promotes the development of standards and measurement methods
12 The first edition of the NIST Cloud Computing Standards Roadmap, NIST SP 500-291, July 2011, is available at http://collaborate.nist.gov/twiki-cloudcomputing/pub/CloudComputing/StandardsRoadmap/NIST_SP_500-291_Jul5A.pdf. Accessed August 12, 2011.
13 Contained in the program descriptions provided to the panel by the ITL staff.