and protective processes in child mental health, health and human rights, and cross-cultural mental health research. She is the principal investigator of a prospective longitudinal study of war-affected youth in Sierra Leone and is leading a mixed-methods study in Rwanda to develop and test family-strengthening interventions for HIV/AIDS-affected youth, conducted in collaboration with Partners in Health. In addition, she is working with colleagues at Children’s Hospital Boston to study strengths and sources of resilience in Somali refugee children and families resettled in the United States. Previously, Dr. Betancourt worked as a mental health clinician in both school and community settings and consulted on global children’s mental health issues for various international nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and UN agencies. She has extensive experience in conducting research among children and families in low-resource settings, particularly in the context of humanitarian emergencies. In 2007, Dr Betancourt was awarded a K01 Career Development Award from the U.S. National Institute of Mental Health to study modifiable protective processes in the mental health of refugee children and adolescents.

Arturo Cervantes Trejo, M.D., M.P.H., Dr.P.H., serves as technical secretary of the National Council for Injury Prevention and general director of the National Center for Injury Prevention of the Mexican Ministry of Health. He also holds the Carlos Peralta Quintero Chair of Public Health at the Faculty of Medicine of Anahuac University in Mexico. He is board certified by the National Council of Public Health in Mexico and is a member of the charter class of the National Board of Public Health Examiners in the United States. As head of the National Center for Injury Prevention, Dr. Cervantes has coauthored the National Specific Action Program for Road Safety, the National Specific Action Program for Violence Prevention, and numerous analyses of morbidity and mortality from external causes of injury for the country. Currently, he participates in the presidential task force Todos Somos Juárez, a strategy for violence prevention and social development for the city of Ciudad Juárez. Todos Somos Juárez is led by the federal government with the participation of the government of the state of Chihuahua, the municipal government of Juárez, and the city’s civil society. The strategy includes 160 policy actions in health, labor, education, culture, economic, and security areas undertaken to address the underlying social and economic issues that fuel crime and insecurity in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico’s eighth largest city and the most populous city on the Mexico-U.S. border.

Philip J. Cook, Ph.D., is a senior associate dean for faculty and research, professor of economics and sociology, and ITT/Sanford Professor of Public Policy at Duke University. He has twice served as director and chair of

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