methods available for collecting and analyzing field data. He has taught both within the United States and in Greece, Japan, Germany, and England. Dr. Bernard received his B.A. in Anthropology/Sociology from Queens College, New York, his M.A. in Anthropological Linguistics from the University of Illinois, and his Ph.D. in Anthropology from the University of Illinois.

Floyd E. Bloom, M.D., is a past chair of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), former editor in chief of the journal Science, and former chair of the Department of Neuropharmacology at the Scripps Research Institute in La Jolla, CA. A member of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), he is the recipient of numerous prizes for his contributions to science, including the Janssen Award in the Basic Sciences, the Pasarow Award in Neuropsychiatry, and the Institute of Medicine’s (IOM’s) Rhoda and Bernard Sarnat International Prize in Mental Health. He has also been named a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and a member of the IOM. Dr. Bloom’s more than 600 publications include the seminal work, The Biochemical Basis of Neuropharmacology and The Dana Guide to Brain Health. In an important call-to-arms for healing the U.S. health care system, published June 13, 2003, in Science and based on his Presidential Lecture at the 2003 AAAS Annual Meeting, he describes how events of the 20th century have produced a system that cannot incorporate or implement new knowledge for the diagnosis or treatment of disease. Dr. Bloom earned his B.A. from Southern Methodist University and his M.D. from the Washington University School of Medicine.

Warner C. Greene, M.D., Ph.D., is director and Nick and Sue Hellmann Distinguished Professor of Translational Medicine of the Gladstone Institute of Virology and Immunology (GIVI), a research center that is affiliated with the University of California, San Francisco, and dedicated to fundamental studies of modern virology and immunology with a focus on HIV and AIDS. Dr. Greene graduated from Stanford University with a B.A. and Washington University School of Medicine with an M.D. and a Ph.D. He completed internship and residency training in medicine at the Massachusetts General Hospital. After serving as a senior investigator at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator and professor of medicine at Duke University, Dr. Greene moved to San Francisco in 1990 to become the founding director of the Gladstone Institute of Virology and Immunology.

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