Review of the National Defense Intelligence College’s
Master’s Degree in Science and Technology Intelligence

Committee for the Review of the Master’s Degree Program for Science and Technology
Intelligence Professionals

Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL
                        OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, D.C.
www.nap.edu



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Review of the National Defense Intelligence College’s Master’s Degree in Science and Technology Intelligence Committee for the Review of the Master’s Degree Program for Science and Technology Intelligence Professionals Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20001 NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This is a report of work supported by Contract No. HHM402-10-D-0036DO#2 between the Defense Intelligence Agency and the National Academy of Sciences. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project. International Standard Book Number 978-0-309-22054-5 International Standard Book Number 0-309-22054-8 Limited copies are available from Additional copies are available from Division on Engineering and Physical The National Academies Press Sciences 500 Fifth Street, N.W. National Research Council Lockbox 285 500 Fifth Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20001 Washington, DC 20001 (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313 (202) 334-3111 (in the Washington metropolitan area) http://www.nap.edu Copyright 2011 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America

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The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Charles M. Vest is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone and Dr. Charles M. Vest are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council. www.national-academies.org

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COMMITTEE FOR THE REVIEW OF THE MASTER’S DEGREE PROGRAM FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY INTELLIGENCE PROFESSIONALS DIANE GRIFFIN (NAS/IOM), Chair, John Hopkins School of Public Health JULIE J.C.H. RYAN, Vice Chair, The George Washington University BRIAN BALLARD, Berico Tailored Systems WESLEY L. HARRIS (NAE), Massachusetts Institute of Technology KENNETH KRESS, KBK Consulting GILMAN LOUIE, Alsop Louie Partners Staff DANIEL E.J. TALMAGE, JR., Study Director KAMARA E. BROWN, Research Associate MARGUERITE SCHNEIDER, Administrative Coordinator DIONNA ALI, Senior Program Assistant v

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Preface In the spring of 2011 the National Defense Intelligence College (NDIC) asked the National Research Council (NRC) to convene a committee to review the curriculum and syllabi for its proposed master of science degree in science and technology intelligence (see Box P-1 for statement of task). The NRC was asked to review the material provided by the NDIC and offer advice and recommendations regarding the program's suitability for achieving the desired goals of the college’s program. The Committee for the Review of the Master’s Degree Program for Science and Technology Intelligence Professionals convened in May 2011, received extensive briefings and material from the NDIC faculty and administrators, and commenced a detailed review of the material. This report contains the findings and recommendations of the committee. BOX P-1 Statement of Task To provide a national-level perspective to the National Defense Intelligence College (NDIC) as it plans for a new master's degree program scheduled to start in the fall of 2011, an NRC committee will review a draft curriculum and associated materials developed by the NDIC. The committee will produce a letter report offering advice and recommendations regarding the suitability of the draft curriculum as a basis for producing desired learning outcomes for intelligence professionals who participate in the proposed Master of Science and Technology Intelligence degree program in the School of Science and Technology Intelligence. We wish to express our appreciation to the members of the committee for their diligent and dedicated contributions to the study and to the preparation of this report. The review process was intense and required in-depth consideration of both content and process. The committee is also grateful to the Defense Intelligence Agency for its sponsorship and to the intelligence community for its active participation throughout the study. We would like to thank NRC staff members Mike Clarke, Daniel Talmage, Marguerite Schneider, Kamara Brown, and Dionna Ali for their dedication to the study and to the preparation of this report. Diane Griffin, Chair Julie J.C.H. Ryan, Vice Chair Committee for the Review of the Master’s Degree Program for Science and Technology Intelligence Professionals vii

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Acknowledgment of Reviewers This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council’s (NRC’s) Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this report: Rita Colwell (NAS), University of Maryland Paul Gaffney (NAE), Monmouth University Daniel Hastings, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Robert Herman (NAE) Darrell Long, University of California, Santa Cruz Alton Romig (NAE), Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Elsa Garmire (NAE). Appointed by the NRC, she was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authoring committee and the institution. ix

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Contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1 1 PROGRAM, CURRICULUM, AND SYLLABI REVIEW 3 Background, 3 Discussion of MS&TI Degree, 4 Curriculum, 4 Syllabi, 9 Findings and Recommendations, 13 General, 13 Syllabi, 17 Conclusion, 25 References, 25 Published, 25 Unpublished, 27 APPENDIX A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members 31 xi

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Acronyms and Abbreviations AW autonomous weapons BSI bachelor of science in intelligence CIA Central Intelligence Agency DFD data flow diagram DIA Defense Intelligence Agency DoS Department of State FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation FDD functional decomposition diagram FDDC Foreign Denial and Deception Committee IC intelligence community IO information operations IP information power KSAs knowledge, skills, and abilities MSSI master of science in strategic intelligence MS&TI master of science and technology intelligence NGA National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency NIC National Intelligence Council NRC National Research Council NSA National Security Agency ODNI Office of the Director of National Intelligence S&T science and technology TEC technical expertise competency xiii

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