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Appendix A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members Diane Griffin (NAS, IOM), Chair, is professor and chair of molecular microbiology and immunology and founding director of the Johns Hopkins Malaria Institute at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. She earned a biology degree from Augustana College in 1962, followed by M.D. (1968) and Ph.D. (1970) degrees from Stanford University. She interned at Stanford University Hospital between 1968 and 1970, before beginning her career at Johns Hopkins as a postdoctoral fellow in virology and infectious disease in 1970. After completing her postdoctoral work, she was named an assistant professor of medicine and neurology. Since then, she has held the positions of associate professor, professor, and, now, professor and chair. She served as an investigator at Howard Hughes Medical Institute from 1973 to 1979. Dr. Griffin’s research interest includes alphaviruses and acute encephalitis. She is also working on the effect of measles virus infection on immune responses in monkeys and in humans at the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka, Zambia. In Zambia, she and her colleagues have been examining the effect of HIV infection on measles and measles virus immunization. Dr. Griffin has been the principal investigator for a variety of grants from the National Institutes of Health, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, and the Dana Foundation. She is the author or coauthor of a number of scholarly papers and articles, is the past president of the American Society for Virology, the Association of Medical School Microbiology Chairs, and the American Society for Microbiology. She is a member of the National Academy of Science, the Institute of Medicine, and the American Academy of Microbiology. Julie J.C.H. Ryan, Vice Chair, is associate professor and chair of the Department of Engineering Management and Systems Engineering at The George Washington University. She holds a B.S. degree in humanities from the U.S. Air Force Academy, an M.L.S. in technology from Eastern Michigan University, and a D.Sc. in engineering management from the George Washington University. Dr. Ryan began her career as an intelligence officer, serving the U.S. Air Force and the Defense Intelligence Agency and then working a series of increasingly responsible positions throughout her career. Her areas of interest are information security and information warfare research. She currently serves as a member of the National Research Council’s (NRC) Standing Committee for Technology, Insight—Gauge, Evaluate, and Review and was a member of NRC’s Naval Studies Board from 1995 to 1998. She has had a distinguished career, having conducted several research projects and authored articles, book chapters, monographs, and a book in her focus area. Brian Ballard is the director of product development for Berico Tailored Systems. Before this, he was the chief technology officer of MAV6, where he was involved in the development of emerging networking and embedded systems technologies for intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) systems and applications in government and the military. He is a highly experienced professional in the field of national intelligence systems and computer engineering. Employed for more than 10 years by the National Security Agency, Mr. Ballard has dealt with all 31

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32 Program, Curriculum, and Syllabi Review forms of data collection, dissemination, processing, and visualization. As a field operations officer at the NSA, he was a member and team leader in the Office of Target Reconnaissance and Surveillance. He also worked for 5 years as a global network vulnerabilities analyst. Mr. Ballard holds an M.S. in electrical and computer engineering and a B.S. in electrical and computer engineering from Carnegie Mellon University. He is currently studying for an M.S. in technology management and an M.B.A. at the University of Maryland in College Park. Wesley Harris (NAE) is the Charles Stark Draper Professor and head of the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His research focuses on theoretical and experimental unsteady aerodynamics and aeroacoustics; computational fluid dynamics, and the impact of government policy on procurement of high technology systems. Before this he served as the associate administrator for aeronautics at NASA. He has also served as the vice president and chief administrative officer of the University of Tennessee Space Institute. Dr. Harris earned a B.S. in aerospace engineering from the University of Virginia and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in aerospace and mechanical sciences from Princeton University. Kenneth A. Kress is a senior scientist for KBK Consulting, Inc., and a consultant for Booz Allen Hamilton, where he specializes in quantum information science and other technical evaluations and strategic planning for intelligence and defense applications. Some of his past clients include DARPA’s Microsytems Technology Office, Noblis, Georgia Tech Research Institute, Mitretek Systems, Inc., and Lockheed Martin Special Programs Division. From 1971 to 1999 he worked in a series of positions at the Central Intelligence Agency’s Directorate of Operations, Office of Development and Engineering, and, finally, its Office of Research and Development (ORD), first as a research and development manager, later as a program manager, and finally as an ORD senior scientist responsible for management support, the development of technical and strategic plans, and DOD interagency coordination for advanced technology. He is the inventor of the solid state neutron detector, for which he won an award in 1981. He holds a Ph.D. in physics from Montana State University. Gilman Louie is a partner of Alsop Louie Partners, a venture capital fund focusing on the development of technology entrepreneurs. Earlier, he was president and CEO of In-Q-Tel, the venture capital group helping to deliver new technologies to the CIA and the intelligence community. Before helping found In-Q-Tel, Mr. Louie served as Hasbro Interactive's chief creative officer and as general manager of the Games.com group, where he was responsible for creating and implementing the business plan for Hasbro’s Internet games site. Before joining Hasbro, he served as chief executive of the Nexa Corporation; Sphere, Inc.; and Spectrum HoloByte, Inc. As a pioneer in the interactive entertainment industry, Mr. Louie’s successes have included the Falcon Fighting F-16 flight simulator and Tetris, which he brought over from the Soviet Union. Mr. Louie has served on the board of directors of Wizards of the Coast, Total Entertainment Network, Direct Language, and FASA Interactive. He is an active member of the Markle Foundation Task Force on National Security and the Information Age and is a member of the board of New Schools.org. Mr. Louie was chosen for his expertise in intelligence, threat analysis, and venture capital new technology start-ups.