Action
Target Population Defined Effective Form and Timing Establishedb Affects Risk for Specific Subtype Other Prominent Known Risks or Benefits from Taking Actionc
All ages Yes, especially at younger ages ? May result in loss of clinically useful information in some instances Likely to decrease risk for other cancers
Postmenopausal women Yes ER+ May experience moderate to severe menopausal symptoms, continued menopausal associated bone loss
All ages, especially before first pregnancy Yes (form)
No (timing)
? Likely to reduce risk for other cancers, heart disease, stroke
All ages Yes ? Likely to reduce risk for other cancers, heart disease
All women Yes (form)
No (timing)
ER? May increase risk for cardiovascular disease No known benefit of high alcohol consumption
All ages No ? Likely to reduce risk for cardiovascular disease, diabetes May increase risk for injury
Unclear No ER+? Likely to reduce risk for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, other cancers


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